All you need to know about Harminder Singh Mintoo and the Khalistan Liberation Force

In response to the the demand for Pakistan, the Sikhs called for the creation of a separate Sikh state by the name of Khalistan.

By: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: November 27, 2016 2:30 pm
Punjab jail break, Harminder Singh Mintoo, Khalistan Liberation Force, Khalistan movement, what is the khalistan movement, khalistan, demand for sikh state, who is Harminder Singh Mintoo?, jail break in Punjab, Indian Express The escape of Mintoo though, that has been gaining nationwide attention because of his association with the Khalistan movement and masterminding several terror attacks. (EXPRESS PHOTO BY RANA SIMRANJIT SINGH)

In an incident that triggered high alert across Punjab, Khalistan Liberation Force chief, Harminder Singh Mintoo escaped from the Nabha jail in Punjab along with five other dreaded gangsters. At around 9 am on Sunday, six to eight armed men stormed Nabha jail and opened fire. They eventually helped the six inmates escape from the prison. Apart from Harminder Singh Mintoo, the other four gangsters who escaped included Gurpreet Singh, Vicky Gondra, Nitin Deol and Vikramjeet Singh Vicky. It is the escape of Mintoo though, that has been gaining nationwide attention because of his association with the Khalistan movement and masterminding several terror attacks.

Who is Harminder Singh Mintoo?

In November 2014, 47-year-old Harminder Singh Mintoo was arrested by Punjab Police from the Indira Gandhi International airport on his return from Thailand. At the time of his arrest, Mintoo was accused of being involved in 10 terror-related cases.

Mintoo was using Thailand as his base to mobilise funds for the banned organisation. He was using online resources to enlist support for the Khalistan cause and to radicalise youth. Using a fake Malaysian passport and identity card, Mintoo travelled extensively across Europe and South East Asia in order to develop contacts. He frequently made trips to Pakistan, where he was reported to have acquired funds and support.

In India, Mintoo was named as accused in several terror cases, including for the attack on Sirsa-based Dera Sacha Sauda chief Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh and on three Shiv Sena leaders. He was allegedly tasked by the ISI of Pakistan to carry out an attack on Independence day in Punjab. However, the plan had failed.

What is the Khalistan movement?

The origins of the Khalistan movement can be traced back to the pre-independence period when a separate Islamic state was demanded by the Muslim League. In response to the the Muslim demand for Pakistan, the Sikhs, who historically had strained relations with Muslims, called for the creation of a separate Sikh state by the name of Khalistan. The name was coined by Sikh leader, Dr. Vir Singh Bhatti in 1940.

While the demand for Khalistan was not granted, Jawaharlal Nehru assured the Sikhs of a semi-autonomous state in India. When partition took place, majority of the Sikhs from the Pakistani territory moved to India. Despite carving out a separate state for the Sikhs on liguistic lines, they continued to be a minority in the country.

Punjab jail break, Harminder Singh Mintoo, Khalistan Liberation Force, Khalistan movement, what is the khalistan movement, khalistan, demand for sikh state, who is Harminder Singh Mintoo?, jail break in Punjab, Indian Express Khalistan flag (Wikimedia Commons)

The Akali Dal party sought autonomy for Punjab, citing problems over sharing of water resources with neighbouring states. Some among the Akali Dal members, went beyond the party’s demand for greater autonomy and asked for sovereign Khalistan. The greatest proponent of a separate Khalistan state was Jagjit Singh Chauhan who travelled across the United Kingdom and the United States, gathering support for his demand from the Sikh diaspora.

While the support for Khalistan was largely restricted outside India for a long time, the movement gained ground in India following the arrest and release of Sikh religious leader Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale. Bhindranwale’s rise to fame was credited to the Congress as the party sought to polarise the state. While Bhindranwale did not exactly support the formation of Khalistan, majority of his supporters were those who also were in favour of the creation of a sovereign Khalistan.

Punjab jail break, Harminder Singh Mintoo, Khalistan Liberation Force, Khalistan movement, what is the khalistan movement, khalistan, demand for sikh state, who is Harminder Singh Mintoo?, jail break in Punjab, Indian Express The immediate effect of Operation Blue Star and the anti-Sikh riots was a rise in militant activities by those favouring a separate Sikh state. express photo by Rana Simranjit Singh

The operation Blue Star enacted by the Indira Gandhi led government to root out Bhindranwale along with his supporters from the Golden Temple, the assassination of Indira Gandhi and the anti-Sikh riots that followed ripened the Khalistan movement in India. The immediate effect was a rise in militant activities by those favouring a separate Sikh state. A number of Khalistan militant outfits came into existence in India and abroad which included the Khalistan Commando Force, the All India Sikh Students Federation, the Babbar Khalsa and the like.

What is the Khalistan Liberation Force (KLF)?

The Khalistan Liberation Force, which Harminder Singh Mintoo currently head, was one such Sikh militant group. It was founded in 1986 by Aroor Singh and Sukhwinder Singh Babbar. In 1995, the KLF was listed as one among four major militant groups in the Khalistan movement. Over the years they have been involved in a number of terrorist activities and assassinations, particularly in Punjab.

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First Published on: November 27, 2016 2:18 pm
  1. A
    Abi
    Nov 27, 2016 at 11:27 am
    Now Hindutva Force will again Humiliate Sikh Community ....May be another Sikh genocide in upcoming projects..lt;br/gt;Anyway it's responsibility of Sikhs who are divided in countless fragments for their own cause..lt;br/gt;1000s Sikh migrants in Europe and America and yet Punjab Sikhs have forgotten what their leaders once wished..lt;br/gt;Wine is working as an antidote to Sikhs and is organised plan by Hindutva forces.
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    1. B
      Bitter truth
      Nov 27, 2016 at 8:00 pm
      He is a real hero..still struggling 4 community pride. Fight for freedom from Hinduism . .. lt;br/gt; chopra shopra
      Reply
      1. L
        Lumdheeng
        Nov 27, 2016 at 9:10 am
        Why India hosts these terrorists instead of killing them?
        Reply
        1. S
          SubbuI
          Nov 27, 2016 at 12:06 pm
          INDIAN MANDELA BADAL( LE GIVEN BY MODI) AND NALAYAK TUGHLAQ HITLER NMODI BOTH ARE KLF SYMPATHAISERS AND COULD HAVE HELPED HIS ESCAPE FOR SOME ACTIVITIES AGAINST INC AND HI FAMILY ON WHOM KLF GOT LOT OF ENEMETY. TUGHLAQ NMODI DEMONENTESATION IS TOTAL FIASCO AND MAY BE HE WANTED TO CHANGE PEOPLE ATTENTION.SUKHBIR SING BADAL AND HIS BO MAJITHA MAY USE HIM IN ELECTION DRUG FUNDINGlt;br/gt;ALL DUE TO MOST NALAYAK PRIME MIINISTER WE EVER HAD IS ON THE HELM OF NATIONAL DISTRUCTION. MODI MUST QUIT!!
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          1. C
            Copy.that
            Nov 27, 2016 at 9:12 pm
            ENTIRE F A R T I C L E was prepared by miserably-failed-keralite-seeks-movie-script-writers hired by the KERALITE MAFIA in 1000s to manufacture stories that would throw anti-brahmins in negative light.
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            1. A
              abd
              Nov 27, 2016 at 5:15 pm
              Why dont Pak give ylum /nationality to him and his fellows just like india considering Brahamdagh bugti.There case seems more genuine.you destroy their main worship place and expect they will remain intact. They want to get rid of india as kashmiris, naxal ,asami and others.140 children of APS were macred by RAW.
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              1. B
                bullet f
                Nov 27, 2016 at 12:28 pm
                First OF ALL THIS OLD MAN MINTOO IS A WANNABE KLF MEMBER USING THE DEFUNCT ORGANISATIONs NAME.THE MILITANT GROUP FINISHED IN THE MIDDLE 90s AFTER THE KILLING OF ENGINEER CELL Group LED BY NavNEET S Qaudian A FACTION OPERATING WITHOUT CONTROL FROM ITS ACTUAL LEADER SEKHON.
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                1. C
                  Chopra
                  Nov 27, 2016 at 6:05 pm
                  He is home grown terrorist and should be treated as such...Sikhs will not get a state they will remain under our hindu command....we tell you to jump you ask us how high. lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;If you want an independent state fly to Mars there is no more room left here especially for sikhs. Jai Hind.
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                  1. C
                    Chopra
                    Nov 27, 2016 at 6:08 pm
                    You sikhs killed much beloved daughter of India you will not get a state.....nor will any other Indian under Modi.....anyone trying should be bed as a terrorist. We may need to do a similiar ops in Burma but this time on our own home soil.
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                    1. M
                      mowrya
                      Nov 28, 2016 at 3:56 pm
                      we r good man why we want a separate state or country , as most of indians hindus muslima, christians jains parsis all accepts sikh valour courage and all likes sikhs - lets propagate sikh culture, religion, teachings, and make india a sikh country
                      Reply
                      1. S
                        Santosh K
                        Nov 28, 2016 at 7:43 am
                        Yes Indira took a wrong step in 1984 and all Indians condemned it.lt;br/gt;But i want to ask you one simple question brolt;br/gt;was it right to take help of ISI and stani muslims who were main enemy of Hindus and sikhs for long time.lt;br/gt;Try reading some history, always there had been fight between sikhs and muslims , Hindus and muslims . Had there been any fight ib/w Hindus and sikhs?lt;br/gt;One more,stan had 24% of minority potion including Hindus,sikhs in 1947 now minority potion has been reduced to 1%.lt;br/gt;So was it a right decision to let an enemy interfere in integrity of our own country??lt;br/gt;Sikhs had pla a big role in freedom movement of this country and these stanis won't understand value of freedom and Integrity because they dint loose anything for it,
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                        1. K
                          khaja
                          Nov 27, 2016 at 7:12 pm
                          Why media is hesitant to call him Terrorist Harminder Singh Mintoo ? How come clown Rijju keeping silent on this issue jailbreak, when 8 under trial accused escape drama staged by MP, everyone in ruling as well as Media screamed to the maximum that the Terrorists were escaped and justified the killing. Now, the scene is completely different. What a shame ! What a hypocrisy ! Is there two different laws in the country ?
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                          1. R
                            Rohith
                            Nov 27, 2016 at 4:16 pm
                            Why there is no fake encounter of Mintoo and his gang? Feku should immediately resign if he has even a little shame left.
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                            1. R
                              R.Mehta
                              Nov 27, 2016 at 11:36 am
                              The govt will not only have to keep a vigil on Pak militants ,but also those having ociation with Khalistan movement,as after this escape ,the liberation force may plan to disturb the peace in State and other places to revive their movement.
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                              1. M
                                Mahender Goriganti
                                Nov 27, 2016 at 11:36 am
                                IE's so called investigative Journalism and propaa machine is exited about this new development hence all the selfies and photo shops and this report all of a sudden. .
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                                1. R
                                  Ramesh Nittoor
                                  Nov 27, 2016 at 4:06 pm
                                  Abi, Request you to study and think. Hinduism is a religion; Hindutva is not even a religious term! It was coined by Savarkar to by refer to people of India. Per his notion Muslims in Christians were also Hindu! Muslims and Christians surely are affronted by this notion and perceived it as cultural aggression. Hindusim has spawned several reform movements which sought to break away from Hindu ideny, hence most of these denominations do not like to be ociated with Hindutva either, prefer the nomenclature of Bharatiyata. Khalsa panth started by Guru Gobing Singh is a distinctive one, it was formed by families of all castes within Hindu fold. Per Guru Gobind Singhji clarion call, the first born in each family was sent to Khalsa panth from all over India. Over the centuries panth has evolved to be a distinct religious order, and all respect it deeply and it remains indelibly Indian.
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                                  1. R
                                    Ramesh Nittoor
                                    Nov 27, 2016 at 10:40 am
                                    It is the surgical strike spoken of just few days ago, indeed is a textbook case. No loss of lives here and it triggers an Indian polity upgrade to plug policing security loops. The surgical planners knew that at political level, Sabka-Saath slogan was a backdoor entry for Bharatiyata ethos; whereas Hindutva evokes political antipathy of Dalits, Leftists, even Dravid parties but only in case of sections of Khalsa and sections of Muslims it translates to security risk. Polity upgrade now will secure Indian policing considerably and also make an outlaw of KCF even among sections of Sikh diaspora, where there is varying degrees of pion for its statist vision. Sabka Saath shall ramp up performance of Sabka Vikaas efforts as well.
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                                    1. P
                                      psb
                                      Nov 27, 2016 at 9:55 am
                                      you are wrong, india has never hosted any terrorists...lt;br/gt;india is a country with many religions. all religions accept others but some people between break this bond for personal gainslt;br/gt;hence need careful handling with times to maintains countries integrity
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                                      1. R
                                        rajeev Singh
                                        Nov 27, 2016 at 9:31 pm
                                        Not Nice Chopra, I am not a Sikh but a Hindu, But come on, this is not acceptable behavior, Sikhs are our brothers and they are Indians first. I wont support your comments they are rude and very racist .
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                                        1. V
                                          Vinoth
                                          Nov 27, 2016 at 9:52 am
                                          Anti-national media launches its Anti-Sikh propaa again.
                                          Reply
                                          1. S
                                            sandhu t
                                            Nov 27, 2016 at 1:01 pm
                                            I am surprised at nehru luring sikhs for autonomy in that period. But I am not surprised indira hi polarsing punjab using bhindrawale. Congress is curse to our beloved nation.
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