Thoughts of the ‘chatur bania’, at Sabarmati ashram

Mahatma Gandhi’s ashram on the Sabarmati river has been witness to a hundred years of change and progression, even if some other political forces want to shape it in their own image.

Written by Leena Misra | Ahmedabad | Published:June 14, 2017 4:44 pm
mahatma gandhi, chatur baniya, chatur baniya gandhi, sabarmati ashram, amit shah, jawaharlal nehru, gandhi caste, gandhi ashram Visitors in front of Hriday Kunj where Mahatma Gandhi lived at Sabarmati Ashram.
(Express Photo by Javed Raja)

A monthly magazine published by the Gujarat Sahitya Academy,  Shabdashrusti, in its May edition published an interview with the well-known Gujarati writer Bhagwatikumar Sharma, who is based in Surat.

The novelist, who was decorated by a Gujarat Sahitya Academy award in the 1980s, was once asked whether he had ever met Mahatma Gandhi. Sharma ji replied in the negative, adding that he believed that he “took good care of his Muslim brethren better than his Hindu ones”.

Sharma ji cited the example of the wedding of Jawaharlal Nehru’s daughter, Indira, with Feroze Gandhi and how Jawaharlal Nehru was against the marriage. How the “case went before Gandhi” who said that if Feroze took his surname, he would agree to the wedding.

“Thus Feroze Khan became Feroze Gandhi and since then we know of the Gandhi dynasty,” Sharma is quoted as saying in the interview.

That’s how a completely fictitious version of the Indira-Feroze love marriage, so far confined to handbills of a Hindutva campaign, was given credence and mainstreamed by a literary organization supported by the Gujarat government — a government which still hasn’t regretted the description of Jesus Christ in its Class IX Hindi language textbook as a “demon.”

This, selfsame government continues to chant ‘Sabka saath, Sabka vikaas’, but even a political leader as big as BJP president Amit Shah would rather identify Mahatma Gandhi not by the history he wrote but by his caste.

Those who like to call Gandhi a ‘chatur baniya’ have never probably walked through the  “My life is My Message” gallery of the Sabarmati Ashram, where a letter Gandhi once wrote to one Chhaganlal, is displayed. The letter is about whether profits should be made on the sale of khadi or not.

In the letter, Gandhi says that the fruits of labour should not be distributed completely free, but should not be used for profit either. “When we are propagating a new thing, how can we take a profit?” Gandhi argues, but settles for giving a five per cent profit to the swadeshi stores, “to satisfy them”.

Another wall in the ashram displays a letter addressed to Gandhiji in the following words : ‘Mahatma Gandhi, jahan ho wahan , Wardha’. Mahatma Gandhi, Wherever he is. Wardha. The letter is marked ‘Express Delivery’ . Other letters call him, “Your Excellency, the Supreme President of the Indian National Congress”, and so on.

As the Sabarmati Ashram turns a century old on June 17, it is worthwhile to look at the stories which emerged from it – including Gandhi’s unpopular decision at the time forcing ashramites to end untouchability.

Come and see young boys and girls listening to music, work on their laptops, study for exams, or take a nap on the stone benches in the airy memorial museum built by Charles Correa. Or eat their lunch from tiny steel boxes, feed the squirrels and mynahs on the river bank, stroll through Hriday Kunj, try their hands at spinning, and even solemnize relationships at the ancient Shiva temple that stands on the river near the Maganlal ni haveli, a 200-year-old structure that once belonged to a high-caste Nagar Brahmin family.

A few yards from the haveli, a few men take a nap on the Sabarmati ashram guest house. The plaque outside says this place once played host to Deenbandhu Andrews (C F Andrews), Badshah Khan, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajendra Prasad and Rajaji. It was here that Kasturba Gandhi ensured Rajaji got his coffee and Nehru his ‘special tea’ in the morning.

It is heartening to see that ‘Manav Sadhna,’ an NGO which rents part of the guest-house, is hosting an “Iftari” for children next week.

The Sabarmati ashram on the banks of the Sabarmati river in front of me, was the crucible of the independence movement, giving rise to the freedoms that we take for granted in India today – like the freedom of movement, free thinking, free catnapping, and freely watching the river and the world go by.

It has certainly been witness to a century of changes. I can’t help noticing that today, there is even free Wifi.

Leena Mishra is the Resident Editor of the Indian Express edition in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

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  1. K
    Jun 15, 2017 at 5:21 pm
    he was against ding
    1. K
      Jun 15, 2017 at 5:20 pm
      it is a pity that Gandhi who sacrificed a large part of his life for uplifting the dalits, has been tagged as a 'bania'. It is not derogatory per se. But, we need to realize that this exactly is the height of casteism if you are handling the case of GANDHI. If you dare to think Gandhi as a bania, think twice, he was against ding, he never had a bank balance, he was never ever supportive towards his own kids (not even in the dreams), he was full of love and favourable disposition towards one and all, even towards the British. Our politicians have a special responsibility towards the society, to bring all castes and religions together. This they can do through their deeds and words. Words that reflect their true intent which can spur a billion to emulate that intent.
      1. R
        R K
        Jun 15, 2017 at 2:31 pm
        what a foolish article...IE dont waste our time...
        1. D
          Jun 14, 2017 at 10:34 pm
          Expecting anything sensible from a glutonous fool like Amit Shah is oxymoron.
          1. V
            Jun 14, 2017 at 8:57 pm
            What is wrong if the capabilities of a good bania, ability to negotiate cleverly with his counterparties, ability to continuously expand his sphere of business I.e. Activity, prudence, frugality, are celebrated in Gandhiji, in whom these qualities were abundant. History shows how he dealt with each major political step, every time to bend the will of the British, as also his colleagues and seniors who rejected the theory of passive resistance. Calling Gandhiji as a 'chatur' bania, is apt and appropriate.
            1. H
              Jun 14, 2017 at 7:32 pm
              Common people are in mess today as they failed to recognize the real contribution of Gandhi in their prosperity and keep on mocking him. Congress was basically created to defend the legal rights of Kings and Jamindars in British court. However, Gandhi refuses to do that and keep on fighting for basic human rights of common people that result in splitting of congress. Thus, it is natural to the people of other congress to hate him for their own survival. However, hate of common people towards him is really a miracle because he has become successful in giving them their social and political rights, which was hijacked from thousands and thousands years. Thus, it is very much corrects that fool cannot sustain prosperity and remain happy in slavery.
              1. R
                Raman Vr
                Jun 14, 2017 at 7:05 pm
                Mahatma was cited through his caste. Concede it is wrong. But a brahmin ( Pandit ) is cited with Jawaharlal. Is this OK?
                1. S
                  Sudish Puthalat
                  Jun 14, 2017 at 6:15 pm
                  Gandhiji....always backed muslims at the expense of hindus. When facts, incidents are retold, the secular howl starts as 'insulting the mahatma'.
                  1. B
                    Babu Gupta
                    Jun 14, 2017 at 6:45 pm
                    Fully agree with you Sir. Mahatma seems to be very biased towards muslims.
                    1. J
                      Jai hind
                      Jun 14, 2017 at 7:46 pm
                      U guys plucked out conveniently the part where he showed softness towards Muslim ,, to highlight it for political benefit and hidden his qualities of being a Hindu and his works and affection for Hinduism behind the curtain from the history ... And even in mainstream media's and publication of those days his love towards Muslims were written by many ,was to show how human loving he was .and to show that being a Hindu who worshipped RAM how he owned a very lovable heart which had love equally for people from other religions too.... But this truth was modified by those anti Indians who fought against Indian freedom fighters and supported British to fight against Indians ,, in a way to convince innocent Hindus that MKG was anti Hindu .... But the common citizens of India are sensible who are silently observing all these circus by our newly budded patriots .. That poor soul worked day night for the countries freedom without expecting any benefit from it ,, and He is precious
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