Union Agriculture Minister Jagjivan Ram moved a resolution in Parliament seeking the House’s approval of the proclamation of the Emergency. He referred to important political developments since 1962 to claim that the situation that had led to the imposition of the Emergency was not sudden. He said the Emergency would continue until those who created unrest in the country mended their ways. Opposition to the resolution was led by CPM leader A.K. Gopalan, Era Sezhiyan (DMK), Jagannatha Rao Joshi (Jana Sangh) and Prasannabhai Mehta (Congress-O). CPI leader Indrajit Gupta spoke in favour of the resolution.
The government released a 60-page document explaining why it had imposed the Emergency. The document argued that events in Gujarat, the Bihar agitation, the consolidation of the opposition under the leadership of JP, etc, were “aimed at undermining the Constitution and destroying the very institutions through whose instrumentality a democracy can flourish”. “The nation’s interests demanded a firm and decisive action,” the document concluded.
The government alleged that George Fernandes received substantial sums of money in May-June 1974 from abroad via a foreign bank. “Why Emergency” alleged that the railway strike of May 1974 was part of “the movement of national disruption”.
Peace In Space
After the successful link-up with Apollo in space, Soyuz-19 soft-landed near Arkalyk in Kazakhstan. Communist Party chief Leonid Brezhnev said the mission represented a big step in developing international cooperation in space. “From outer space our planet looks even more beautiful though small. It is big enough for us to live on it in peace but too small to subject it to the threat of a nuclear war,” he said.