You say Ramadan, I say Ramzan

Ramadan is an Arabic word, and is pronounced with a “d”, not a “z”.

Written by Irena Akbar | Published:July 18, 2014 12:29 am

But the call to scrub all traces of Saudi Islam in the name of ‘Indianness’ is another kind of intolerance.

On June 30, the first day of Ramadan, my Facebook wall turned into a collage of pictures, graphics and status messages announcing the beginning of the Muslim holy month. The message “Ramadan Mubarak”, written calligraphically against a backdrop of a minaret or a crescent or a pack of dates, was shared by several of my friends belonging to varied faiths and living in different parts of the world, including India.

Hold on, how can someone living in India, and being Indian, ever say “Ramadan”? That was a point raised by one Facebook friend (not real-life friend), when she posted, “Aap sabhi ko Ramadhan, Ramadan nahi — sirf saada, sachcha, hindustani ‘Ramzan Mubarak’ !” In English, she meant, “Wish you all not Ramadan, but only simple, true Indian Ramzan Mubarak’. She later even suggested that those who prefer “d” over “z” are followers of “Saudi Islam”, and that choosing “Ramadan” over “Ramzan” is not just a spelling preference but a “political decision” of favouring Arabs over Persians!
Despite making her repulsion to “Ramadan” clear in her wall post, many people still wished her “Ramadan Mubarak” in their comments.

Ramadan is an Arabic word, and is pronounced with a “d”, not a “z”. But in Persian or Urdu, the “z” replaces the “d”. American and British English use Ramadan, while English-language dailies in India use both spellings. In India, most people say Ramzan when they speak Urdu/ Hindi, but many now prefer to use Ramadan at least when speaking in English. It’s a trend that has worried several “left-liberal” Muslims who “fear” the “Saudisation” or “Arabisation” or “Wahabisation” of Indian Muslims. It’s not uncommon to see such Muslims declaring their allegiance to “INDIAN ISLAM” (yes, written in all caps) on their Twitter bios. It’s also not uncommon to see followers of “Indian Islam” rebuking fellow Indian Muslims for saying “Allah hafiz” instead of “Khuda Hafiz”, and for breaking their fast in “Ramadan”, not “Ramzan”.

When “Indian Islam” followers rebuke Indian Muslims for “digressing” from their so-called version of the faith, they are no different from Hindu fundamentalists who demand that “Indian culture” be followed in our arts, and from the moral police who manhandle lovers for public displays of affection on Valentine’s Day. These examples may seem unrelated but have a singular theme: intolerance of everything perceived to be not “Indian”.

Who decides what is Indian? And could someone please define “Indian Islam”? Surely, Indian Muslims are as diverse as India itself, so shouldn’t there be a “Tamil Islam”, a “Bihari Islam”, a “Kashmiri Islam”, etc? Perhaps there are as many versions of Islam as there are varieties of biriyani cooked across India? Some followers of “Indian Islam” suggest that the Sufi branch of the religion, which emerged in faraway Turkey but found many takers in
the subcontinent, is the only “peaceful” form of Islam. Those who don’t follow Sufi/ Barelvi branches are dubbed “Arabised”, “puritanical”, “Wahabi” and certainly not followers of “Indian Islam”.

As unclear as “Indian Islam” followers are about what they believe in, they are absolutely certain about what they do not believe in. Anything that is Arab, and so their nit-picking of “Allah Hafiz” and “Ramadan”. They conveniently forget Islam first came to India through Arab traders who arrived on Kerala’s shores. Those were peaceful chaps, unlike the marauding armies that had come from Central Asia and spoke Persian, the preferred language of the “Indian Islam” followers.

But it’s not history the “Indian Islam” followers are worried about, it’s the current “Arab-Saudi-Wahabi” influence that has them worked up. Sure, the Arab world is in turmoil, with crises in Iraq, Syria and Palestine nearing no end. Sure, there is the ISIS, al-Qaeda, and Hamas, all Arab gun-toting militants who, by the way, kill hapless Arab civilians. But there is also the peaceful United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain and Oman — countries that host more foreigners than their own nationals, and have temples and churches along with mosques. Does not that speak of Arab tolerance? As for Saudi Arabia, it is intolerant of all faiths except Sunni Islam, but the kingdom hosts people of several nationalities. There are more Indian expatriates in that country than elsewhere, and many of them are not Muslim.

So, let’s not, in an attempt to prove our patriotism and secularism, run down the Arabs and Indian Muslims who prefer Arabic over Persian, or who don’t visit Sufi shrines. If “Indian Islam” followers think their anti-Arab, pro-Sufi stance makes them more secular and patriotic in the eyes of non-Muslim Indians, they are wrong. Almost all my Hindu friends have wished me “Ramadan Mubarak”, and are not bothered about my preference of “Ramadan” over “Ramzan”. In fact, since “Ramadan” is used by Westerners too, many young people think the term is “cooler” than “Ramzan”. Their preference has nothing to do with Arabic vs Persian/ Urdu.

In the end, it’s about the freedom of choosing to speak, to spell a word whatever way you want. And in democratic India, there can be no place for intolerance against exercising such freedoms. By the way, I say “Khuda Hafiz” and “Ramadan Mubarak”. So, am I a follower of “Indian Islam” or “Saudi Islam”? Let’s free the Indian Muslim of such unnecessary questions.

irena.akbar@expressindia.com

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  1. K
    Kamran
    Jun 7, 2016 at 6:33 am
    Actually its about Arabic and speaking arabic correctly. In arabic the letters used to spell Ramadan arelt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Ra(R), lt;br/gt;Fathah(A vowel), lt;br/gt;Meem(M),lt;br/gt;Fathah(A vowel)lt;br/gt;Dhad(Not D but kind of D)lt;br/gt;Alif(A long vowel for elongation)lt;br/gt;Noon(N)lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;In India most muslims are wrongly taught by their most teachers (moulvis) to pronounce the letter Dhad as Zaad with a Z. It is incorrect as for Z there is a Zay in Arabic. In Ramadan there is Dhad and not Zay in the end.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Its like saying Psychology with a P and not with an Slt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;So saying Ramazan is not about Indian or other muslim but being wrong in pronounciation.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;: )
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    1. B
      Basa Swaminathan
      Jun 22, 2015 at 4:56 pm
      Ms. Irena Akbar (sw) .... And to rub the bottom of your arab masters to get a tip or two is another kind of slavery.
      Reply
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        suria
        Jun 13, 2015 at 11:14 am
        Entire world use Ramadan..it translating from Quran..don't be stoopid..no matter where you come from..east..west..south or north..any angle in this duniya..do not easily changing something that u thinks is work for community..it might be works for yourself..do you thinks religious is own by your daddy.. Just because some people have a hard accent to pronounce some "word"..u ask police to jail them..
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          Moid Bin
          Jun 19, 2015 at 10:00 am
          she needs to study QURAN before making any statment feeling shame for her :(
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            Abuzar Abbas
            Jun 19, 2015 at 1:38 pm
            This is an old phenomenon and among many this has been the reason for downfall of Subcontinent Muslims. They haven't understood Islam not have they understood Islamic culture. They think arab culture is Islam and these s follow Arab culture in the name of Islam. Yet they forget that only a fraction of Muslims around the world are Arabs. Islam lays down principles and framework. It doesnt stops one to follow ones culture. The celebration of Nowroz in Iran , even after its ruled by clergy is an example of it. Sword dance in Saudi Arabia is also an example. Islam is a progressive and contemporary religion. If not why did Prophet Muhammad (sw) followed his traditions of his time, be it clothing, food, art of building and so on. we are adviced to know Arabic , learn it so that we can understand the Qoran and traditions. But learning a language has nothing to do with wearing Toob and dressing up like a clown. The reason which I understand is that , poor muslims go there who havent seen anything other than oppression , poverty and inferiority complex and hate everything about themselves. When they go to Rich Arab countries they are over whelmed by it riches and glories. They sink into a state of physiological superiority if they pose as Arabs. Thus , our government must tackle this issue , try and eradicate poverty and make sure poor muslims know and love their traditional culture of India and Awadh . As I saw it all in the mind
            Reply
            1. I
              Indus
              Jul 19, 2014 at 6:35 am
              Irena Akbar wants freedom of speech ; but their Mullahs and religious leaders will ever allow her that? In a country where a major chunk of Muslims look to the Muslim world, viz; Saudi Arabia to Iraq and stan to Maldives ,to solve their internal and national problems instead of reposing their faith solve with ,just from this freedom of speech come to them? Gone are the days of Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad , now the era of anti national Muslims like Tau Raza Mians,bukharis, Owisis, Madanis and Elamarams and this list goes on ! The sad state of affairs is that generally in every community and religion it is the youth that have a liberal outlook. But in Muslims , sad to say , despite India giving everybody equal opportunity to grow and prosper unlike in Muslim countries, Muslim youth is an aberration and more fanatic than elders.
              Reply
              1. I
                Indus
                Jul 19, 2014 at 7:14 am
                Irena Akbar wants freedom of speech ; but their Mullahs and religious leaders will ever allow her that? In a country where a major chunk of Muslims look to the Muslim world, viz; Saudi Arabia to Iraq and stan to Maldives ,to solve their internal and national problems instead of reposing their faith solve with ,just from this freedom of speech come to them? Gone are the days of Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad , now the era of anti national Muslims like Tau Raza Mians,bukharis, Owisis, Madanis and Elamarams rules the roost.! The sad state of affairs is that generally in every community and religion it is the youth that have a liberal outlook. But in Muslims , sad to say , despite India giving everybody equal opportunity to grow and prosper unlike in Muslim countries, Muslim youth is an aberration and more fanatic than elders.
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                  Aaron Abraham
                  Jul 19, 2014 at 11:05 am
                  Most of my friends still use Ramzan while writing and speaking.
                  Reply
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                    Alani Adana
                    Jul 18, 2014 at 1:14 pm
                    go and inform in masjids.thanks
                    Reply
                    1. M
                      Mohamedalthaf
                      Jul 18, 2014 at 2:31 pm
                      Article shows how shallow is the typical North Indian and stani Muslims understanding of Islamic religion and Hindu civilization,there is more to India than urudu
                      Reply
                      1. M
                        Mohamedalthaf
                        Jul 18, 2014 at 2:29 pm
                        Neither Ramadan or Ramzan is indian that sense, one is Arabic and other one is Persian,Kerala Muslims, the most ancient Islamic community India uses noyambu, which is a Malayalam word like' vrat' for describing Hindu religious fast,Christians too use the same
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                          Mohamedalthaf
                          Jul 18, 2014 at 2:25 pm
                          Not true of all indian Muslims.For a Muslim from Kerala,it is just the opposite,we do not use Urdu or Persian,we do notsay namaz,masjid or rosa,we use common Malayalam words,palli for mosque,noyambu for fasting, namaskaram for namaz.many urudu speakingMuslims mistake Persian words as indian Islamic usage, we use good old Malayalam for describing our ritual and not a pidgin language called urudu.and of course we say Ramadan and not Ramzan
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                            Arvind
                            Jul 18, 2014 at 11:48 am
                            Really !! Who cares how it is pronounced. Traditionally it has been Ramzan. Hindus say Diwali in the south it is Deepawali. Its the same event. Muslims seem to love trivialities. Perhaps islam did not come here from Saudi Arabia maybe the word got corrupted enroute. Does it not make it more interesting that Indians call it Ramzan? Why do you wish to be a revisionist?
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                              Alvi Abdul
                              Jul 18, 2014 at 8:16 am
                              Interesting article
                              Reply
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                                Ashok Sridharan
                                Jul 18, 2014 at 12:01 pm
                                Partly true- the correct pronunciation is indeed 'Ramadhan' (with a very soft 'dh') rather than Ramzan. But the fact remains that UAE and Oman are the truly tolerant and largely secular countries in this region. Saudi is an extremely intolerant country, as is Kuwait to a great extent. Incidentally, the greeting 'khuda/ Allah hafiz' is not an Arabic one
                                Reply
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                                  asim
                                  Jul 18, 2014 at 5:53 am
                                  Islam is not only a religion but a complete way of life ,that's what bother most people. In Islam equality between human beings (without gender discrimination) is the most important social or religious contract than why we want to divided into different catogaries
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                                    A S
                                    Jul 18, 2014 at 6:55 am
                                    We do indeed have Tamil Muslims Malayali muslims Bihari muslims. They differ not only in language food etc but also customs. I know several Muslim women who wear black beads and even managala sutrams, though I am not sure to which denomination of islam they belong.
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                                      Islam4foools
                                      Jul 18, 2014 at 11:15 am
                                      WHo cares, its religion which is rpomoting terrorism worldwide and must be rbought to justice, stop following evil, backward and radical dehumanised ideology from desert
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                                        aliamir71
                                        Jul 18, 2014 at 3:57 pm
                                        Surely I agree with part of your note of making issue out of non issue. But in the flow of emotions your forgot that every place has a problem of its own. In west of course you will notice less Labour abuses, but that does not mean west is a free of problems. They latest Saudi census figure indicates that they are over 10 million expats working here, over 100 percent increase during last 5 years and they are not planning to leave any time soon. Why? The reason is instead of problem existing here they still find it a more suitable place to live and work than their own place of birth and somewhere in the west.
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                                          Bhushan Bhat
                                          Jul 18, 2014 at 7:10 am
                                          sofi islam has traits of tolerance.wahbi's don't have any/one talks of self other talks of kafir and jews/which stream of islam supports terrorists in the name of islam most/what is deoband teaching,it has exported terrorism to stan before moududi
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                                            Ganesh
                                            Aug 10, 2014 at 1:09 pm
                                            I am shocked to see an educated Muslim casually refer to the troubles of Yazidis in Iraq under attack from Sunni Muslims. Where is the moral outrage ? Those folks who believe in a religion other than islam are being threatened with ethnic cleansing. They have been given two simple choices, coinvert to Islam or Die. Tomorrow this can happen to another community. Is the author Ok with that ?tI is clear Indian muslims such as this author, does not understand the difference between religious Islam and political Islam. slam as practiced in Arab countries and stan, comes with Political connotations/concepts that is INCOMPATIBLE with the consution of India, that treats Non-muslims as lesser beings who can be ethnically cleansed, Infact when UN defined universal human rights, OIC (predominantly) arab countries stan, did not agree on what defines universal human rights, and came up with their own version of human rights. A large majority of Muslims who did not believe in religion of Islam without Political Islam, have broken away to form a separate country (stan) where they have successfully cleansed their land of Hindus, with whom they did not want to live in the first place, justifying their acts by a literal interpretation of obscurantist verses in the Holy books of Islam (Quran and Hadith).Hindus despite the mive ethnic cleansing prior to parion, were hoping against hope that Indian Muslims who live in India would NOT believe in Political Islam and decided to make it secular. In fact, it can be said that this is the biggest strength of India, and as we have second largest Muslim potion in the world, that believes in Islam without Political Islam and thus acts as a bulwark against the obscurantist Political Islam practiced by stan,Saudii Arabia etc..But from these kind of articles, it is clear Indian muslims do not seem to understand the clear and present danger in Political Islam, and do not appreciate the value of secularism, that they themselves enjoy. Madra education needs reforms to differentiate Political Islam Vs Religious Islam. It portends an uncertain future for India, if Indian Muslims do not stand up for believing in true secularism that excludes Political Islam. .A large section of Turkish Muslims believe in true secularism and Indian Muslims can use role models from Turkey for this. A large section of Indonesian Muslims are proud of their Hindu heritage and Indian muslims can use these Indonesian Muslims as role models for an Islam that takes pride in their Non-muslim heritage, the religion of Islam they practice and believes in true secularism.without Political Islam.
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