Why Modi is popular

What is the old idea of India? It is the one bequeathed us by Nehruvian socialism whereby we have created India as she is today.

Written by Tavleen Singh | Updated: March 5, 2014 12:31 pm
This time the choice increasingly appears to be between the past and the future, between an old idea of India and a new one. This time the choice increasingly appears to be between the past and the future, between an old idea of India and a new one.

The closer the election, the clearer it becomes that this is the most important general election since 1977. In that distant year, Indian voters were offered a choice between a dictator and her son on one side and a raggedy, disparate caboodle of crusaders for democracy on the other. They chose the caboodle mostly because they had learned the hard way what losing democracy meant. This time the choice increasingly appears to be between the past and the future, between an old idea of India and a new one. Those selling the old idea, in their different ways, are the Congress, the Aam Aadmi Party and the ‘secular socialists’ who banded together last week as a third front.

What is the old idea of India? It is the one bequeathed us by Nehruvian socialism whereby we have created India as she is today. A land in which a vast infrastructure of politicians, officials, clerks and peons govern badly an angry and restless populace that no longer understands why basic needs are so hard to meet. A land in which young people demand to know why the sons of officials and politicians live like billionaires while they hunt desperately for jobs in a market that in the past 10 years has dried up. So crony capitalism is a favourite catchphrase with the AAP lot, without them noticing that this is always a creation of the state. In the eyes of AAP, it is corporate India that is to blame.

What is most depressing is that if you talk to leaders of the parties in the old India club, the solutions they offer are no different to the ones we have already tried. In their campaign speeches, they talk of secularism and socialism, poverty alleviation schemes and empowering women. On corruption, the Lokpal is a ‘new’ idea that has been around for 40 years. They know that they offer nothing new, so they throw in dark references to the man they most fear and loathe. Narendra Modi.

The reason why they fear and loathe him is because his popularity, according to recent polls, has increased dramatically despite repeated attempts by the old India club to remind voters that he is a ‘maut ka saudagar’. A merchant of death as Sonia Gandhi famously called him. What they seem not to have noticed is that his popularity has increased because he has succeeded in selling voters a new dream of India. In a sales pitch to businessmen in Delhi last Thursday, he offered a detailed account of what his priorities will be if he becomes prime minister.

After making it clear that he believed that India’s strengths were “democracy, demography and demand” and its weaknesses were serious deficits of governance, trust, morality and hope, Modi made the case for what he thinks can be done. He said nothing could improve without “good governance”. He did not say in so many words that by this he meant massive administrative reforms, but used anecdotes from Gujarat to make this point.

Then he talked of needing to improve “the quality of life” for the average Indian. It was vital to make India a country in which young people could live with hope and dignity, he said, and for this they needed jobs and the amenities that remain mostly unavailable to rural Indians. Electricity, clean water and a standard of living that could be described as a standard of living. He said, “We need in rural India to keep the soul of the villages but provide people with the utilities and services available in urban centres.” He reiterated that he saw urbanisation not as a problem but as an opportunity.

What touched my own cynical soul to its core was his suggestion, when talking of healthcare, that we pledge to make India clean and sanitary by the 150th anniversary of Gandhiji’s birthday. This was the best tribute that could be paid Gandhiji, Modi said, because he had worked so hard to convince Indians of the importance of sanitation and hygiene. In modern terms, Modi emphasised, the benefit would be a huge reduction in India’s healthcare bills, because it would shift the emphasis to prevention from cure.

He talked of many other things and in talking of them made it sound as if there was no reason at all why they could not be done. Listen to the whole speech on YouTube and you may discover the real reason why Modi leads the race to become India’s next prime minister. He offers hope in a time of deep despair and he offers a dream of prosperity at the end of a decade when the Indian economy has sunk to its lowest ebb in recent memory. The old India club offers only ‘poverty alleviation’ to people sick to death of poverty.

Follow Tavleen Singh on Twitter @ tavleen_singh

For all the latest Opinion News, download Indian Express App

  1. A
    Arti
    Mar 3, 2014 at 9:35 am
    Agree with every word that you have written, Tavleen. But I wonder if the rural and poor voter will understand all this. For them, only populist schemes seem to work. I hope the AAP s don't spoil the gains that Modi has got so far.
    Reply
    1. A
      Ananth
      Mar 6, 2014 at 11:12 am
      Yes, Modi gives us hope that our future could be secure. If it is given to UPA or AAP they will ruin this country.
      Reply
      1. G
        Gopal
        Mar 2, 2014 at 8:34 pm
        Tavleen Singh is brilliant in my view. I have said it before. Her political analysis is spot on and she will be proved correct at the polls. We must dream of a new India. Not an India that is destined to be poor and backward for ever while countries like China move ahead powerfully.
        Reply
        1. H
          Haritha Reddy
          Mar 2, 2014 at 7:04 pm
          I agree that Mr.Modi's pority has been increasing steadily. But the argument that he has been providing hope is something debatable. Mr.Modi's pority has various dimensions. One thing is his ability to project himself as a strong leader. His image to a greater extent is built and elevated by the marketing. His development about his state has been dubious as there were many reports which speak otherwise. And as a matter of fact, we've enough leaders who have lofty ideas,principles and policies to change the face of India.However the need of the hour is not just ideas, but a mechanism to implement them. Be it Rahul hi or Modi or Arvind Kejriwal,all of them have spoken about various issues and they've been more populist in their approach. So being carried away by the mere talk may prove totally disastrous.As the election 2014 has drawn towards a personality based election like US presidential election, so why not bring a change in the campaign. Let there be a national debate with the major political leaders on the broader agenda and on their framework..Lets empower people by providing a realist picture. Being voted to power by luring the ignorant is not a moral victory.
          Reply
          1. I
            indieboy
            Mar 2, 2014 at 5:07 pm
            Good read. About the specifics of how everything to be done can not be answered now. It is understandable pre-election. We believe in ability with proven track record and intentions. Only few specifics i hope are about the environment - we do not want GM modified food trials. This will destroy the real India. Secondly, large scale plans like Nehru. I am concerned about the nationwide watergrid. Especially in south this plan may not work. Regions like western Ghats should not be exploited the way it is done now. Would be wonderful if BJP promises these.
            Reply
            1. I
              IK
              Mar 2, 2014 at 5:25 pm
              Agree.Thank you for the nice article.
              Reply
              1. L
                Leo Frank
                Mar 4, 2014 at 7:11 am
                The reason behind Modi's ever increasing pority is his ability to connect well with the lower and upper middle cl voters. True he offers dream & hope in times of despair and hopelessness. He may not connect that well with the Below Poverty Line (BPL) voters, but then they hardly form the core voting m now. Times have changed. And now, it is the middle cl that has umed the size of largest voting m.
                Reply
                1. V
                  vasant m
                  Mar 2, 2014 at 7:56 pm
                  tavleen singh has rightly analysed modi's rise as a national leader. the leadership needs clear cut directions & this man has a clear vision & is clear about his mission.
                  Reply
                  1. Load More Comments