Why I am returning my award

Please spare me the old Congress-vs-BJP debate. It’s gone way beyond all that.

Written by Arundhati Roy | Updated: November 5, 2015 12:24 pm
Sahitya Akademi, Sahitya Akademi awards, Sahitya Akademi award winners, Writers protest, Sahitya Akademi writers, Art historian Rainer Rochlitz, Jawaharlal Nehru, IE columnist The Sahitya Akademi is India’s premier institution of letters, with a stated commitment to “promoting Indian literature throughout the world”.

Although I do not believe that awards are a measure of the work we do, I would like to add the National Award for Best Screenplay that I won in 1989 to the growing pile of returned awards. Also, I want to make it clear that I am not returning this award because I am “shocked” by what is being called the “growing intolerance” being fostered by the present government. First of all, “intolerance” is the wrong word to use for the lynching, shooting, burning and mass murder of fellow human beings. Second, we had plenty of advance notice of what lay in store for us — so I cannot claim to be shocked by what has happened after this government was enthusiastically voted into office with an overwhelming majority. Third, these horrific murders are only a symptom of a deeper malaise. Life is hell for the living too. Whole populations — millions of Dalits, Adivasis, Muslims and Christians — are being forced to live in terror, unsure of when and from where the assault will come.

Today, we live in a country in which, when the thugs and apparatchiks of the New Order talk of “illegal slaughter”, they mean the imaginary cow that was killed — not the real man who was murdered. When they talk of taking “evidence for forensic examination” from the scene of the crime, they mean the food in the fridge, not the body of the lynched man. We say we have “progressed”, but when Dalits are butchered and their children burned alive, which writer today can freely say, like Babasaheb Ambedkar once did, that “to the untouchables, Hinduism is a veritable chamber of horrors”, without getting attacked, lynched, shot or jailed? Which writer can write what Saadat Hasan Manto wrote in his “Letters to Uncle Sam”? It doesn’t matter whether we agree or disagree with what is being said. If we do not have the right to speak freely, we will turn into a society that suffers from intellectual malnutrition, a nation of fools. Across the subcontinent it has become a race to the bottom — one that the New India has enthusiastically joined. Here too now, censorship has been outsourced to the mob.

I am very pleased to have found (from somewhere way back in my past) a National Award that I can return, because it allows me to be a part of a political movement initiated by writers, filmmakers and academics in this country who have risen up against a kind of ideological viciousness and an assault on our collective IQ that will tear us apart and bury us very deep if we do not stand up to it now. I believe what artists and intellectuals are doing right now is unprecedented, and does not have a historical parallel. It is politics by other means. I am so proud to be part of it. And so ashamed of what is going on in this country today.

Postscript: For the record, I turned down the Sahitya Akademi Award in 2005 when the Congress was in power. So please spare me that old Congress-versus-BJP debate. It has gone way beyond all that. Thanks.

Click here to read Hindi version of the article

Roy is the author of ‘The God of Small Things’. Her most recent book is ‘Broken Republic’.

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  1. V
    vignesh
    Feb 13, 2016 at 1:53 pm
    I am expecting all award returned respectable people should comment on the JNU incident. India , people supporting the person who is attacked our holy parliament, Talk like barbadi of india openly, India is the only country where you can say anything against india, in side india openly, with full media coverage.
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      anna
      Nov 5, 2015 at 4:02 pm
      only thugs and fools paid by a particular organization or people with no knowledge what it takes to get an award are commenting. look at the inner pain with which these social scientists are protesting. great job and down with short sighted eunuch's. Hail tamilnadu. jai bharat.
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        Man
        Nov 5, 2015 at 7:13 pm
        Do that. What are you waiting for. Dogs like u can be finished in a minute. All your Arab fathers are getting f...ed hard and what you can do? You are paying for your sins. God is punishing you.
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          Man
          Nov 5, 2015 at 7:10 pm
          First please save your and your Arab Gods. Already your holy lands are being r..ed. And that is your fate and you are paying for your sins. All the cameldoms are being f...ed by a single Israel, if they want, you will be vaporized in one second and meet all the filthy mullahs in jannat.
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            Man
            Nov 5, 2015 at 1:19 pm
            It would have been Syria long back if Islamic thugs would have been ruling till now.
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            1. M
              Man
              Nov 5, 2015 at 1:35 pm
              To support freedom of speech and arts, Arundhati demanded revocation of ban on The Satanic Verses, ban on Burqa, ban on 4 wives-one-mullah rule. She is also demanding punishment for the people who is posing threat to Taslima Nasrin's life. Arundhati in fact demanded Bharat Ratna for Taslima Nasreen.
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                Man
                Nov 5, 2015 at 1:23 pm
                We know Arundhati is a fierce fighter for freedom of speech. All along she is opposing the ban on The Satanic Verses. She is a vocal supporter of Taslima Nasrin and castigates the Mullahs for the trouble they are causing to Taslima. She keeps writing to highlight the sufferings of Kashmiri pandits who are driven out of their homeland by the fanatical mullahs. On the same spirit she is sng again.
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                1. M
                  Man
                  Nov 5, 2015 at 1:25 pm
                  We know Arundhati is a fierce fighter for freedom of speech. All along she is opposing the ban on The Satanic Verses. She is a vocal supporter of Taslima Nasrin and castigates the Mullahs for the trouble they are causing to Taslima. She keeps writing to highlight the sufferings of Kashmiri pandits who are driven out of their homeland by the fanatical mullahs. On the same spirit she is sng again.
                  Reply
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