What the poor want

The mindset of India has remained mired in economic and political ideas that should have died with the fall of Berlin wall.

Written by Tavleen Singh | Published:July 20, 2014 12:57 am

As someone who is allergic to democratic feudalism, it felt good to see the son of a chaiwallah represent India at the first international conference since the general election. After a decade of having a prime minister whose strings were in the hands of an all-powerful puppeteer, it felt good to see a real prime minister represent India at BRICS. But, no sooner did I begin to revel in these happy thoughts, than a trip on one of our most important national highways brought my happy thoughts crashing with a heavy splash into a vast pothole filled with rainwater. Between potholes lay mounds of rotting garbage and the remains of dead dogs.

Between potholes came so many speed breakers of fluctuating sizes that the convoys of articulated lorries, with foreign names like MAERSK written on their huge containers, had to break hard to avoid banging into each other. These lorries have replaced old-fashioned ‘OK Tata’ trucks on our highways but everything else remains the same. The broken tarmac, the stretches of road that have been under construction for years and the shoddy boards that announce that the road you are travelling on belongs to the National Highways Authority of India.

It was after a visit to China 20 years ago that I began assessing the progress of a country by the condition of its roads. It was my first visit to China and as a patriotic Indian it pleased me to see that Shanghai then resembled Mumbai (still Bombay). There was a shiny new city being built on the other side of the river, but Shanghai in the Nineties looked like any large Indian city. Beijing looked a bit better and it was from there that I drove to the Great Wall on a highway so modern and efficient that it made Indian highways seem like dirt roads. With the exception of the Yamuna Expressway, this remains true today, so if I were to judge India by her roads, I would have to admit that we are 50 years behind most small developing countries.

This is the legacy Narendra Modi inherits from the benevolent Dynasty that ruled India for more than 50 years. This Dynasty survived because of democratic feudalism whose fundamental principle is to do everything in the name of the poor. So, in the name of the poor, India was bequeathed shoddy infrastructure and squalid cities. In the name of the poor, India was bequeathed useless schools and dangerously useless hospitals. In the name of the poor, children are fed school meals that sometimes kill them, even if it is possible to outsource this service to an organisation like Akshaya Patra.  In the name of the poor, all possibilities of India becoming a manufacturing giant were killed by labour laws that force companies to employ as few people as possible.

There is a long list of other things that have gone wrong in the name of the poor, but the thing that has gone more wrong than anything else is that the mindset of India as a country has remained mired in economic and political ideas that should have died when that wall came down in Berlin and the empty economies of the Soviet bloc were exposed.

If the mindset has not changed even today, it is because officials, NGOs, writers, politicians, journalists and even Bollywood remain stuck in a time warp. As long as you state that you are doing something for the poor, you are considered to be noble even if you achieve nothing. But the poor have changed, and the recent reordering of the poverty line by the Indian government comes as proof that at the highest levels of officialdom they have not noticed. They have not noticed that even the poorest Indians today have cellphones, and that in the slums of major cities, it is hard to find a hovel that does not have a dish sticking out of its flimsy roof.

They have not noticed that the poorest Indians today have the same aspirations and dreams as the middle classes. The poor have tried to get their elected representatives to understand this by voting out those who continue to subscribe to old-fashioned democratic feudalism.
And they have voted for the son of a chaiwallah in the hope that he will do something to make their dreams come true. He will not be able to do this unless he begins the enormous task of replacing the legacy of bad infrastructure and bad public services that he has inherited. He will not be able to do this unless he emphasises that he does not subscribe to the mindset that believes India has to remain second rate because ‘the poor’ want no more than dole and handouts of cheap food grain. The poor want much more and they want it now.

Follow Tavleen Singh on Twitter @ tavleen_singh

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  1. B
    Jul 20, 2014 at 8:01 am
    The main problem of ruling establishment of India after Independence was that people were managing affairs of India without knowing what were problems of India. Most of the people in high places were educated abroad and were not knowing what as problem in Indian Agriculture, education etc. There was need of irrigation but govt. was providing tractors. Then came the slogan of socialism. The states where it reached went to doom. Where ever socialists ruled like, UP, Bihar, Bengal etc everywhere talked about poors and made the states poorer. States like Maharashtra, Gujrat and Punjab escaped socialists and became better off. The problem with socialists is that they have no clue how to create wealth and growth. If wealthy people will not be involved in construction how industries and labor force will be benied. This makes a nation poorer.
    1. C
      Jul 22, 2014 at 4:57 am
      I totally agreed on her point of views biggest example for us is China. The only thing missing in our country is will power to change the system which is major roadblock in development story of India. Poor infrastructure in every sector really hurts every citizen directly or indirectly.
      1. F
        Jul 21, 2014 at 9:30 pm
        In hindsight it is easy to make such remarks. One of the greatest achievement of the congress was the setting up of the IIT's that have put many an Indian on the board room of major multi-national corporates. Also, Rajiv hi ushered in the era of IT and even people like Sheila Dik put in good work by setting up the Delhi Metro. Let's give credit where it's due.
        1. F
          Jul 21, 2014 at 6:47 pm
          Time to strike...let's set up a TV channel that will update a priority list for each consuency for development by the local MLA / MP of the area over time and will put development in perspective at the national level and inform the nation according. Those who deliver stay those who don't leave...elementary yes.
          1. G
            Jul 20, 2014 at 9:58 am
            'ouch' yelped family loyalists.'off with her head' exclaimed the infuriated red queen.'why am i still the son of a chaiwaalah' wondered someone in a corner.
            1. B
              BB Gupta
              Jul 20, 2014 at 1:54 am
              Outstanding hats off pl keep it up
              1. I
                Italian Mafia
                Jul 20, 2014 at 4:26 pm
                I am worried that in the next 12 months or so I will read similar article with the culprit changed to the current dispensation and then it will go on and on. We must begin to temper our expectation and give Modi a chance. He has to unburden the country of the 60 wasted years and this will take at least two full terms. By all means keep on highlighting the 60 wasted years, but at the same time educate the mes that the task is arduous and will take long.
                1. N
                  Nita Chhabra
                  Jul 21, 2014 at 6:49 am
                  Ms Singh, the problem is Indian politicians are generally corrupt and the Babus, for the most part, are obstructionists who only want to maintain the status quo through knit picking. Rules made for them by the clerks in the British East India Company suit them fine. I know of a suggestion that was made to the Indian emby in Washington in 1961 - 53 years ago - regarding the housing of its diplomats. I understand the proposal is still making rounds between the MEA and MOF. Commissions of Babus to this day keep coming from back home to the US to study and review the plans on site, as they put it. Mr Modi would have to shake up these people by the ear. Tell them to clear all development projects within 30 days or ship out. It would be in the country's interest to let the knit pickers snooze at home on full pay, rather than be in the office as speed breakers. Sunita Chhabra, USA
                  1. M
                    Jul 20, 2014 at 2:58 pm
                    Awesome article....... the root of the issue is left liberal & congress
                    1. P
                      Jul 20, 2014 at 6:07 am
                      as usual Tavleen highlights nation's basic problems. YES she is 100% right in saying our mind-set must change. Dynasty has despirited us in the last 60 years. IT IS TIME TO THINK INDIA MUST ARISE, AWAKE TO ERASE THE B NAME 'PROVERBIAL POVERTY OF INDIA' PROPAGATED BY THE DYNASTY
                      1. R
                        Jul 20, 2014 at 7:16 am
                        For this mindset to change, change the mindset of the people who implement them, namely the government officials who including the modern upper caste of the civil services who are still pre1947.
                        1. K
                          Jul 20, 2014 at 4:06 pm
                          100 like from me , thanks for the insight writing and much needed people attention article.
                          1. S
                            Subhash Chander
                            Jul 20, 2014 at 4:02 am
                            It is a psychological problem which can be solved only if Modi can instil love for nation at psych level of Indian minds.
                            1. R
                              Jul 21, 2014 at 10:58 pm
                              At the risk of sounding controversial, the 'poor ' also need to follow some rules. It is the duty of the government to implement a policy of a small family. Who is going to pay for 3/4/5 children, if the parents cannot do so themselves. Family size is a poverty trap for many people. There is no point in families spending large amounts of money on education, if the job prospects are not good.
                              1. V
                                Jul 20, 2014 at 6:36 pm
                                As ususal, BANG!!, on the target!
                                1. Y
                                  Jul 22, 2014 at 1:23 am
                                  Proportional Representation must be given to each consuency in each State after Elections: About 31% of people voted for the chaiwallah's BJP, but he gets majority in the Parliament! That's the other problem India has, besides the "old mindset". Importantly, PM Na Mo has not changed ANYTHING so far in the Budget or in Foreign Policy: he has decided to follow what the "Dynastic Rulers" did for 50 years! This author must demand ACTION from the Chaiwallah! All rhetorical, no substance, so far!
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