It is interesting to imagine how Obamas presidency might be different if he had done it Mandelas way
GATHERING valedictory material on Nelson Mandela as he faded in a Pretoria hospital the other day,I came across a little book called Mandelas Way. In this 2010 volume,Rick Stengel,the ghostwriter of Mandelas autobiography,set out to extract lessons on life,love and courage he had learned from three years of immersion in Mandelas life.
Stengel,who is the managing editor of Time magazine,could not resist comparing his hero to another tall,serene,hope-bearing son of Africa: Barack Obama. Obamas self-discipline,his willingness to listen and to share credit,his inclusion of his rivals in his administration,and his belief that people want things explained,all seem like a 21-century version of Mandelas values and persona, he wrote. Whatever Mandela may or may not think of the new American president,Obama is in many ways his true successor on the world stage.
A bit much,yes? Well,Stengel was hardly alone back then in awarding the American president a stature he had scarcely begun to earn. The Nobel Committee,which had awarded its peace prize to Mandela for ending the obscenity of apartheid,bestowed that honour on Obama merely for not being George W. Bush.
Different men,different countries,different times. Perhaps even Mandela who was more successful liberating South Africa than governing it could not have lived up to the inflated expectations heaped on Obama. But it is interesting to imagine how Obamas presidency might be different if he had in fact done it Mandelas way.
Mandela,in his time on the political stage,was a man of almost ascetic self-discipline. But he also understood how to deploy his moral authority in grand theatrical gestures. Facing capital charges of trying to overthrow the state in the Rivonia Trial,he entered the formal Pretoria courtroom dressed in a traditional Xhosa leopard-skin cape to dramatise that he was an African entering a white mans jurisdiction. And then he essentially confessed to the crime.
In 1995,Mandela,newly elected president of a still deeply divided country,single-handedly turned the rugby World Cup the whitest sporting event in South Africa,long the target of anti-apartheid boycotts into a festival of interracial harmony. He was,in short,the opposite of no drama.
Obamas sense of political theatre peaked at his first inaugural. He rarely deploys the stirring reality that he is the first black man to hold the office. As my Times colleague Peter Baker notes,Obamas burden as he sees it,different from Mandelas,is to make the fact that hes black be a non-issue. Only then will his breakthrough be truly meaningful. Still,I think Mandela would have sought a way to make a more exciting civic bond out of the pride so many Americans felt in this milestone.
Mandela understood that politics is not mainly a cerebral sport. It is a business of charm and flattery and symbolic gestures and eager listening and little favours. It is above all a business of empathy. To help win over the Afrikaners,he learned their Dutch dialect and let them keep their national anthem. For John Boehner,hed have learned golf and become a merlot drinker. You dont address their brains, Mandela advised his colleagues,and would surely advise Obama. You address their hearts.
Mandela was a consummate negotiator. Once he got you to the bargaining table,he was not going to leave empty-handed. He was an expert at deducing how far each side could go. He was patient. He was opportunistic,using every crisis to good effect. He understood that half the battle was convincing your own side that a concession could be a victory. And he was willing to take a risk. I dont envy Obamas having to deal with intransigent Republicans or his own demanding base,but Mandela bargained with Afrikaner militants,Zulu nationalists and the white government that had imprisoned him for 27 years. By comparison,the Tea Party is,well,a tea party.
Mandela usually seemed to be having the time of his life. Perhaps this is because (sadly for his family) the movement was his life. He shook every hand as if he was discovering a new friend and maintained a twinkle in his eye that said: this is fun. Weve had joyful presidents Bill Clinton,Ronald Reagan. Obama more often seems to regard the job as an ordeal.
Mandela,above all,had a clear sense of his core principles: freedom,equality,the rule of law. He changed tactics,shifted alliances (one day the Communist Party,another day the business oligarchs) but never lost sight of the ultimate goal. In fairness to Obama,Mandela had a cause of surpassing moral clarity. The American president is rarely blessed with problems so,literally,black and white. And if Obama leaves behind universal health care and immigration reform two initiatives that have consistently defeated previous presidents that will be no small legacy. But tell me,do you have a clear sense of what moral purpose drives our president?