Tryst With Inequality

India has failed the Constitution’s commitment to social justice

Written by Abdul Khaliq | Published:August 10, 2017 12:05 am
India, development of India, rural india, progress, 70th independence day, Independence day celebrations, school indepencence day, quit india movement, independence day quiz, education news, indian express Despite impressive economic growth in the last two decades, inequalities and injustices are pervasive. (Express Photo by Amit Chakravarty)

As we approach our 71st Independence Day, one cannot help but reflect on where we stand as a nation. I can think of no better way to assess our progress than to measure it against the noble aspirations enshrined in the Preamble of the Constitution which spells out our resolve to secure justice, liberty, equality for every citizen and promote fraternity among all. How far have we progressed on this commitment? Our Constitution should have helped us create a truly egalitarian society but the power elite has failed miserably in ensuring equality and justice for all. Despite impressive economic growth in the last two decades, inequalities and injustices are pervasive. According to World Bank estimates (2015), there has been a decline in India’s poverty rate but this is cold comfort — 172 million citizens still live below the poverty line and constitute 24.5 per cent of the world’s poor.

That the neoliberal juggernaut has trumped distributive justice is evident from the fact that India’s richest one per cent now hold 58 per cent of the nation’s wealth. A great blot on our society is the prevalence of manual scavenging despite stringent laws prohibiting it. There are about 2.6 million dry latrines across the country that require manual cleaning, a loathsome task imposed on the Dalits of all religions by social sanction. That is not all. Although elaborate laws specifically aimed at protecting Dalits are in place, there is no let-up in the atrocities against this group. According to the National Commission for Scheduled Castes, there were 54,355 registered cases, including rape, murder and arson committed against Dalits in 2015 compared to 39,408 cases in 2013.

Another arena darkened by injustice and inequality is rural India where 68 per cent of our people live. India is today self-sufficient in agriculture, is the biggest exporter of rice in the world, the biggest producer of milk and second-largest producer of fruits and vegetables. The farming community made this happen. Yet unending waves of farmer suicides are overt manifestations of an on-going human tragedy. They are victims of an iniquitous system where even bumper harvests do not ensure reasonable profits; where there is no insurance against the vagaries of nature or volatility of the market; where the government’s focus is on containing food inflation in cities with hardly a thought to whether the producer is adequately remunerated; where the governing class obsesses about smart cities and bullet trains while rural India remains without basic infrastructure.

Our founding fathers had underlined fraternity as a vital ingredient for building a vibrant democracy. Jawaharlal Nehru had cautioned that “it is the responsibility of the dominant community not to use its position in any way which might prejudice the secular ideal of the nation.” After Partition, there was animosity between Hindus and Muslims but that has abated over time. However, since the late 1980s, the mutual suspicion and distrust have intensified, and the country is witnessing a majoritarian assault on the Muslim and his way of life. Lynching for beef eating and suspicion of cow slaughter has become virtually quotidian. Politicians have been fishing in troubled waters by instigating the worst elements in both communities. With even educational institutions and cultural bodies purveying the gospel of hate, what we see today is an overpowering communalisation of the public space. The social gulf between the two communities that seems to be widening poses a greater threat to the nation’s well-being than terrorism or Pakistan.

Extreme gender inequality and intolerance to dissent are further manifestations of a deeply polarised society. I am reminded of what James Baldwin, the great Afro-American novelist observed in 1963 about white racists, the powerful and the wealthy in America: “I am terrified at the moral apathy, the death of the heart that is happening in this country.” We all need a change of heart.

The writer, a former civil servant, is secretary general, Lok Janshakti Party. Views are personal.

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  1. J
    Jambulingam C.V.
    Aug 18, 2017 at 3:45 pm
    Water crisis in Tamilnadu. I want to disclose to the nation, there is a gentleman who got a solution how to convert sea water for human consumption and Industrial use. 80 usable balance 20 converted into salt and byproducts. Please note we are letting out at present nearly 70 back into the sea with higher salt content causing damage to marine life. If you can take up this information to our PRIME MINISTER I will be greatfull to you. Contact directly Mr. GOPINATH R.S. Mobile: 9677030870 / 9789533040
    1. R
      Ravishankar Balasubramanian
      Aug 13, 2017 at 9:41 am
      V.Good article. Yes, Congress had achieved steady progress. But it also sat at the pedestal of corruption. It could have done better. But for PVN, MMS You, It would have been slower progress because the non-nehruvian family broght more purpose to the economy. MMS-1 was more industrious MMS2 again took more socialist policies. So learn from your own mistakes. Had you been more aggressive, given GM corps sanction, enacted reforms in your second term, things would have looked up. Modi has some achievements to his credit apart from several misses. GST roll out (This I attribute equally to the people who gave a decisive mandate) Agility in bureaucracy Improving tax compliance Direct benefit transfer (UPA should get major credit) low inflation etc He has risen to be a worthy challenger to Congress. He is not as seasoned as Congress in finance. But he is dividing people by curbing dissent cow policy. Project PM candidate other than Rahul. We need competing Congress badly
      1. C
        Chandrasekhar Das
        Aug 13, 2017 at 6:41 am
        The columnist is nothing but another left/congi school product.....he is more concerned about the pseudo intellectual production of intolerance debate.....he started article from inequality and ended with intolerance!!! He forgot to mention all these are the creation of Nehru family especially Indira Gandhi....who has ruined the economy.. I am not a modi bhakt...but bored with those people......
        1. G
          Aug 12, 2017 at 2:57 am
          MR KHALIK You mistakenly missed certain points . I do believe it is honest mistake other wise who knows I will be labelled as HINDU EXTREMIST OR INTERNET HINDU Lynching of DSP Ayub Pandith not by HINDU but by Muslim KASHMIRI PANDIT are born to be forgotten . when their own land forgets them why will they will be remembered in Your article ? I HOPE MAY BE you was short of time so that YOUR ARTICLE NEVER TOUCHED EXTREMISM problem . terrorism and Rising saudi wahabism in Indian muslim? But I still believe some other day you will touched that too . AND KILLING OF RSS members IN KERALA and riots in WestBengal? . AAH WHO CARES FOR THAT I BELIEVE ?? WHY WOULD YOU REMEMBER ? PROBLEM ARE WITH EVERY BODY EVERYBODY NEED INTROSPECTION. SELECTIVE CRITICISM is the root of every problem. we need to come together and condemn all killings be it over beef or Quran . be it over rss ideology or communist ideology . be it Gandhi or Modi or Kejriwal. START CRITICIZING ISSUES
          1. L
            Aug 11, 2017 at 5:28 am
            Your article is hollowed. You have not touched the actual issues.Unless the last Kashmiri Pandit is rehabilitated in the Valley, the gap between hindus and muslims will keep on increasing.The innovative terror activities will keep on haunting an average hindu and others.I have visited the most parts of India and have seen the condition of ghettoised muslims( except in Kerala). Who are responsible for their plight? An average muslim lives below poverty level . Simple reason is they do not follow small family norms.There is discrimination even keeping muslims as maids, it is irony. Lack of trust?There is discrimination in all spheres of life for eg: jobs, housing, schooling, clothing,renting, attire etc.Moreover, other communities are happy in India why you are weeping?You people ruled the country for 800 years and at last got Phakistan and what more you want? Learn something from Parsis who came as refugees from Persia and never ate Cow Meat . Never ever black mailed.
            1. R
              Aug 11, 2017 at 5:23 am
              To solve a problem, you first my admit there is a problem. Lying will not solve any problems. Modi is turning the country into lynchistan and bigotry. Bigotry is the essence of indian today. Basic rights of minority are not being observed. Not only our bretheren among muslims, even christians are no longer safe in India, why? India is leading in term of number of churches being torched by RSS lynching troops. It is a secret anymore. We have advanced in science and technologies, but moving backward in term of religious harmony. We care cows more than fellow souls. What contribution you are talking about? What the hindus had contributed to the country? We are world famous for raping, even tourists are being raped. Every weekend there is news our swamy ji are raping devotees. Now cows are safer to walk on the street naked than our sisters with sarees. Inhuman treatnent of the dalits. This is the contributions u are proud if? The list will go on. Are these done by minorities? Curse on u.
              1. L
                Aug 11, 2017 at 2:40 am
                what are contribution of muslims to modern india- the skull cap, beard, burqas 5 imes namaz ever day- low eduaction- no notable contribution to countrys wellfare. no muslims working for a better environmnt, gender equality, sports, arts. same is true of muslims in the western World get off your butt - no one can have sympathies for your condition, for which you are responsible,
                1. R
                  Aug 11, 2017 at 1:06 am
                  The author is wrong on all facts......The NEW INDIA STORY IS ALL ABOUT BRIGHTNESS, GROWTH AND EQUALITY....UNIFORMLY FOR ALL CITIZENS......the past does not anymore interfere with the assertive young population of the Nation which is fully inspired and supported by an enterprising , risktaking , ambitious and energeticTeam Modi.....The Gujarati-CEO-Led-RSS-BJP-Combine-Led-NDA Government which is dedicated to the interest of the Nation and its millions of young women and men in search of clean and honest livelihoods......and we're all seeing it happen..... dia is more loved, admired, respected and looked upon as a significant society making successful footprints in the developed world also with each visit of our CEO constructively resetting the perceptions of the world towards us .
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