President Obama and Prime Minister Bibi Netanyahu of Israel spoke on the phone for 90 minutes the other day. Wow 90 minutes! I wonder if Obama has ever spoken to John Boehner for 90 minutes? But this is just the start of some even longer conversations. Secretary of State John Kerry is teeing up not one,but two negotiations that involve the most neuralgic issues facing Israel today: the Iran threat and Palestinian statehood. Israel soon could face two of the hardest strategic choices its ever had to make at the same time: trade West Bank settlements for peace with the Palestinians and trade sanctions on Iran for curbs on its nuclear programme.
Given this situation,I can think of no better time for a good book about Israel the real Israel,not the fantasy,do-no-wrong Israel peddled by its most besotted supporters or the do-no-right colonial monster portrayed by its most savage critics. Ari Shavit,the popular Haaretz columnist,has come out with just such a book this week,titled My Promised Land: The Triumph and Tragedy of Israel.
Shavit is one of a handful of experts whom Ive relied upon to understand Israel ever since I reported there in the 1980s. What do all my Israeli analytical sources have in common? They all share a way of thinking about Israel that to understand Israel today requires keeping several truths in tension in your head at the same time.
First,that Israel,at its best,is one of the most amazing political experiments in modern history,so much better than its critics will ever acknowledge. Second,Israel at its worst,is devouring Palestinian farms and homes in the West Bank in ways that are ugly,brutal,selfish and deceitful,so much worse than its supporters will ever admit. Third,Israel lives in a dangerous region surrounded by people who hate it not only for what it does but for what it is,a successful Jewish state but its actions matter,too. It can ameliorate or exacerbate Arab antipathy.
Shavit winds the history of Israel through these truths. Zionisms goal, writes Shavit,was to transfer a people from one continent to another,to conquer a country and assemble a nation and build a state and revive a language and give hope to a hopeless people. And against all odds,Zionism succeeded.
But this miracle also produced a nightmare. There was another people there when the Jews returned,who had their own aspirations: the Palestinian Arabs. In a brutally honest chapter entitled Lydda,1948,Shavit reconstructs the story of how the population of this Palestinian Arab town,in the centre of what was to become Israel,was expelled on July 13 in the 1948 war. Shavit wrestles with this contradiction,arguing that it is vital for every Israeli and Zionist to acknowledge Lydda,to empathise with the Palestinians fate. But Lydda does not make Zionism criminal, he insisted.
Shavit argues that Israel cant afford to just wait for every Palestinian to embrace a Jewish state. It must find a way to separate from the West Bank,as it did in Gaza,otherwise the spreading Jewish settlements there will be the virus that kills the original Israel. For the Jewish people to have a sustainable home,he insists,it must be just and enjoy the support of the world and the West Bank occupation is not just and Israel must be democratic,and an endless occupation will lead to Jews being a minority in their own home. The uniqueness of Shavits book is that when youre done with it you can understand,respect or love Israel but not in a dogmatic or unthinking way,and not a fake or contrived Israel. Before their next 90-minute phone call,both Barack and Bibi should read it.