The terror on our roads

We need to ask why India is one of the most harrowing places in the world to be a pedestrian, driver or passenger.

Written by Vikram Patel | Published:June 13, 2016 2:01 am
road accidents, india road accidents, road accidents in india, road accidents, accidents india, road safety, india accident victims, maximum road accidents, road accidents timing, report on road accidents, india news India is the most harrowing place in the world to be a pedestrian, driver or passenger.

Our government is obsessed with the daily threats to our lives posed by terrorists hiding in our midst. Consider the extent to which we are frisked, monitored by hidden cameras, and protected by a range of law enforcement agencies. It appears that these actions have achieved good results: At a per capita level, India has one of the lowest death rates due to terrorism in the world. To be precise, about 70 persons are reported to have died due to terrorist incidents in 2015, accounting for less than one per cent of the global toll of these deaths. I now hope our law enforcement agencies can turn their attention to a form of terror as random as a bomb in a train and even more mindless (terrorism, as perverse it may be, at least has some ideology backing it). And unimaginably more common. In 2014 alone, it killed more than 1.4 lakh Indians (according to 2015 data released by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, 400 people die daily in road mishaps), ten times the entire global toll of the number killed by terrorism. Everyone is at risk, but it is our youth who are most vulnerable. It is happening all around us, in full public view, and is on the rise.

Of course, I refer to the terror on our roads.

If there is one place where our country is in the throes of anarchy, defined by a total disregard for the law coupled with the utter capitulation of the law enforcement agencies, it is on our roads. I am amazed that I am often the only driver obeying a red light, especially when the traffic is thin, as if the lights cease to have meaning in these circumstances. I am astonished that the traffic lights simply stop operating when they are needed the most, that is late at night when half the drivers are either drunk or falling asleep. I am aghast to see truck drivers nonchalantly cruising the wrong way on a national highway. I am shocked to see a family of five on a scooter, including a babe in arms, and the father driving the scooter with just one hand, for the other is gainfully occupied holding his mobile phone to his ear. I am enraged to see drivers cut into lanes forcing cars in that lane to slam their brakes. The infamous Mercedes hit-and-run in New Delhi and the horrific bus crash on the Mumbai-Pune expressway in recent weeks are just two more numbing statistics in this national shame.

Let us be honest: India is the most harrowing place in the world to be a pedestrian, driver or passenger. But what utterly depresses me is the abject abdication of the police to this carnage: Most often there is no police to be seen, and when they are, they are often otherwise occupied chatting with one another, tracking those who eat beef, reading a newspaper or they simply don’t give a damn.

Indeed, it is amusing, in tragi-comic way, to see how our police respond to this torrent of crime happening right in front of them. One common approach involves rhyming slogans which are intended to be both humorous as well as carry the serious message of road safety. My personal favourite is one that I saw on a road near Manali which, apparently speaking on behalf of a passionate lover, exclaimed “Darling I Love You, but Not So Fast”. In response, around one of those spectacular bends in the mountain highway was the riposte “Feel the Curves, Do Not Test Them!” I could imagine the employee in the Border Roads Organisation (whose name was proudly emblazoned on these signs) feeling chuffed for coming up with slogans which could simultaneously revive sleepy drivers with laughter, while carrying a profound message; never mind that these were in a language that most drivers could probably not read. I also recall seeing at last half a dozen accidents on that trip, one of which involved yet another bus crashed into a ravine hundreds of metres below the road. From the condition of the bus, it was clear that no one could have survived that calamity. Perhaps the driver didn’t have a lover to go home to.

On a recent trip to Uganda, I was impressed by the way my driver was pulled up by a policeman for trying to overtake a long line of cars waiting patiently, without a single honk, to get past a police check-point to enter the airport. The policeman was uncompromising: He wanted to know why my driver had broken the line. He made my car wait till a dozen cars had passed before letting us back in the queue, warning the driver not to repeat this relatively minor infringement again. I could see my driver was scared and that he would not be cutting lanes for a long time. And then I landed in Mumbai — the utter chaos on the roads reminding me that I was home. Coincidentally, the morning newspaper that very day carried a story about the rise in traffic deaths in the city and the police commissioner’s response was that people need “more education to drive with care”. Most people who cut red lights or drive drunk already know that this is dangerous. The Ugandan cop knows how to combat this terror: By more effective law enforcement.

Some think that Indians are genetically bad drivers. However, the same Indian who drove in New Delhi as if his wife was delivering their first child in the back seat of the car, will land in London and drive like a saint. He does so because he knows the cop in London will stop him, confiscate his license, impose a hefty fine and threaten him with worse if he attempts to bribe him. It is, quite simply, fear of the law which makes him drive sensibly in London. Conversely, it the lack of fear of the law or their enforcers which makes India amongst the deadliest places in the world on the roads. That our police are able to enforce such fear when they have the political muscle to back them is plainly evident from the relative success of the odd-even scheme in New Delhi: Laughably, though, while the cars with the wrong number plates were being challaned, countless others were breaking red lights and cutting lanes right in front of the police. After all, they had the right number plates.

We seem to be winning one war on terror and, in contrast to some developed countries, we have done so with remarkable restraint (that is not bombing civilians in other countries) for which I am proud. I now pray that we can apply these lessons to win the unimaginably more deadly war on terror on our roads. I long for the day I can walk on a footpath, traverse a pedestrian crossing, ride a bicycle or drive my car, without having felt that I have just escaped multiple near-death experiences.

The writer is a professor with the Public Health Foundation of India and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

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  1. K
    K SHESHU
    Jun 13, 2016 at 12:07 pm
    The roads, especially byp roads, streets and gullies, are prime terrorists. While main roads , national highways and roads travelled by the elite are taken care of, the small streets and lanes are rarely repaired. Accidents take place in these unrepaired roads.
    Reply
    1. A
      Anish Advani
      Jun 13, 2016 at 6:12 am
      Every Indian needs to understand and follow what you have clearly described in this article. It's profund and exposes the lawlnesses of this country. You coulnd't have been more correct about the examples mentioned. We follow Traffic norms, being clean not lering whilst out of India, once back here we get worse and do the same as some of our fellow Indians. The Law enforcement is soley responsible for not taking stricter action in the past or ever, hence we are pathetically casual and allow these miseries to take place in front out of our own eyes. This is truly an eye opener for everyone including the Law makers and especially to them.
      Reply
      1. A
        A
        Jun 13, 2016 at 12:35 pm
        The small gully roads are encroached by the house owners in the form of ramp to take their car out. In these places we do notbhsve proper platforms. Less said about the platforms better it is.All the platforms are invariably encroached by not only small hawkers but big shops too resulting in pedestrians walking in the road
        Reply
        1. R
          Rajesh
          Jun 13, 2016 at 5:20 pm
          Glad you agree. So what are these Arabian pedophile worshippers doing in India ?
          Reply
          1. R
            Rajesh
            Jun 13, 2016 at 5:19 pm
            Simple. Because there are barely any footpaths anywhere in the world.
            Reply
            1. R
              Rajesh
              Jun 13, 2016 at 5:22 pm
              slightly off-topic? Lol. Dimwit.
              Reply
              1. G
                gautam
                Jun 13, 2016 at 10:00 am
                While I agree that law enforcement should be stricter what stops people from obeying the simple traffic rules. I stay in Pune and several times I have seen people driving on the wrong side of the road and these are "educated and literate" people who don't want to drive that extra mile and take the turn at the appropriate place. Why does one need law to stop at a traffic light, wear a helmet? It is just that we don't care.
                Reply
                1. H
                  Harsh
                  Jun 13, 2016 at 12:34 pm
                  The simple reason is that we are putting much more peoples on per square feet area than it can sustain, then naturally it will crumbled. Unfortunately we are developing more sources of employment in already saturated cities that not only making space per person below normal, but even water and air. Unless and until we relocate the source of employment and banned the development of new source of employment in and around the cities, we will not able to control this problem and day by day it will become more harmful to normal human growth. Secondly, the most important thing is that we learn to use science but we fail to adapt scientific atude in our day to day life. This results in increasing potion and poverty on one hand and criminalization on other. Unfortunately the Buddhism, which has invented and practice the scientific atude first time on the earth failed miserably in its birth land. Thus, as a society irrespective of our religion we will keep on suffering unless and until we do not use scientific atude in our day to day life and in our future planning.
                  Reply
                  1. B
                    Balasubramanian
                    Jun 13, 2016 at 7:05 am
                    What i find is utter negligence and disregard is not providing for pedestrian crossings on roads. Pedestrians don't matter at all in our road planning. lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;May be the author could help by filing a PIL in the courts.It may just work. PLEASE......
                    Reply
                    1. I
                      indian
                      Jun 13, 2016 at 12:01 pm
                      It is not the police, dear, it is we Indians. Every Indian driver believes (i) that rules are meant to be broken and if at all followed, in the presence of an alert policeman, (ii) that he is smarter than the other drivers and that pedestrians have no rights, and (iii) might is right !
                      Reply
                      1. A
                        Anil Sharma
                        Jun 13, 2016 at 1:31 pm
                        I like the tone and tenor of the article. One needs to be outraged, enraged at the state of our traffic. Horns in cities should be banned in order to contain aggression. Avt, India act against this monster called road rage.
                        Reply
                        1. नितीन
                          Jun 13, 2016 at 12:44 pm
                          If you are pedestrian you are lucky to be alive as driving in an indian road needs luck more than care
                          Reply
                          1. B
                            Bharati
                            Jun 13, 2016 at 4:13 am
                            Ah, blame the usual scapegoat - the police! Perhaps your columnist could have asked some traffic constables their point of view before inveighing against them. If more law enforcement is needed, perhaps your columnist could ask around in his own social and professional circles - of big, flashy cars? - whether they observe the traffic rules and, if they don't, why not. Then he can start his diagnosis from that.
                            Reply
                            1. R
                              Rishi Raj
                              Jun 13, 2016 at 7:04 am
                              It is true that the law enforcement is weak; but, at the same time, lack of awareness of law is also there. Many pedestrians die walking on their left side thinking that they are legally required to do so. They are sadly not aware that not only they are not required to walk on the left side but, in fact, the road safety rules stites walking on the right side where footpaths are not provided.
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                              1. U
                                Umesh
                                Jun 13, 2016 at 2:30 pm
                                Probably author has never lived in GCC and Mediterranean where walking is seen with contempt and menial. India is hundred times better than these countries. Comparing with European is useless. Only country which encouraged walking and cycling was China and should be compared.
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                                1. C
                                  Commentator
                                  Jun 14, 2016 at 4:46 am
                                  Thank you for bringing up this utmost important issue, Mr. Patel. Like several other Indian residents, driving is my worst nightmare. Just like you and other law-abiding citizens, I try to adhere by the traffic rules of staying in my lane, stopping on red light till it turns green and slowing down at junctions. But most of the times, I'm bludgeoned with a cacophony of car and bike honks behind/next to me who want me to give them way even if that comes at the risk of breaking rules. In short, persistence trumps patience in Indian roads.lt;br/gt;Imposing spot fines, irrespective of how small they might be, is the only way we can curb this long-standing murderous rage. I don't understand why the government can't experiment with traffic fines. Just like in parenting, when cajoling kids to do good fails, we should opt harsher means of disciplining them.
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                                  1. N
                                    Nityananda
                                    Jun 14, 2016 at 3:56 am
                                    There are faults on all sides and no one agency can be blamed. Civic authorities do not give us smooth and safe pavements to walk on. Sometimes ( eg Bangalore) the pavement shoulders are around one foot high and discourage you from climbing on lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Our traffic is too high and dense to control effectively. POlice are outnumbered at traffic junctions and can hardly find the time to stop and challan violators. Lanes are hardly marked on 20% of roads. Enforcement cameras are also expensive to install.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Car drivers also cut red lights at will and don't look out for pedestrians.
                                    Reply
                                    1. J
                                      JholkaMahol
                                      Jun 13, 2016 at 2:55 am
                                      Going by experience of getting fined... Not wearing Helmet/Seatbelt are the biggest and most dangerous crimes on road :-)lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Stopping abruptly for pengers or picking up a fight, rolling onto Zebra crosses at a Signal, Honking at any or every irritant, Asleep/Drunk at wheel, High beam/Stadium lights on a fully lit road, No lane discipline by trucks/buses, Uneven roads, om and unmarked speed breakers are all unimportant to this discussion.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;As one travel writer put it "In India road discipline means... the larger, brighter and louder you are... the better your chance at driving in the middle of the road".lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Go figure!
                                      Reply
                                      1. M
                                        mohan
                                        Jun 13, 2016 at 9:02 am
                                        The deaths on the road can not be reconciled like other deaths. One can die in the warfield fighting enemies, can die fighting the thiefs, terrorists, can also die over property matters with relatives , can also commit suicide. But i cannot reconcile to accident deaths. Afterall what is the relationship between the victims, offender, law-enforcing authorities ? Are they cousins fighting over ancestors properties? Are thy arch enemies over any matters? Nothing. Only that they , individually or collectively violated the traffic rules. Mankind has invented vehicles for easy movements, taking the drudgery out of walking long distances. It should be understood by all stake-holders.
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                                          Curious onlooker
                                          Jun 13, 2016 at 2:12 am
                                          BJP and the RSS are engaged in the frantic revival of India's ancient culture and what one sees happening on the streets of India is the coming into early fruition of that life style of India's past. One might be forced to chant the slogan "Proud to be an Indian" to prove one's loyalty to the nation.
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                                          1. C
                                            Curious onlooker
                                            Jun 13, 2016 at 4:52 am
                                            Blame the "headline" of the story. The headline should be clear and not generalised or ambiguous. Although my posting is slightly off topic, it points, however, to a certain oddity in government policy. Thanks anyway for pointing out my earlier garbled post.
                                            Reply
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