So far, ideology has not been the defining feature of Modi’s tenure.
The impact of social media on electoral outcomes in the Lok Sabha polls was marginal.
Police attitudes towards Muslims will not change unless there is political recognition of the problem.
Farahnaz Ispahani's forthcoming book is on Pakistan’s religious minorities.
Not even a fortnight has gone by since the spectacular swearing-in ceremony of Narendra Modi, which was a celebration of Indian democracy. Now we have the Badaun tragedy. This reminds us that no matter how far India may have come as a democracy, there are miles to go before it becomes a good society. It is not that rape cases are unknown in India. They are becoming more openly discussed and remedy is being sought by the women and all who sympathise with them (but yet not all Indians). We have had tragedies in the Nirbhaya case, then in Mumbai and now in Badaun. It is not just rural India or caste-bound ‘backward’ India, but India as such which stands on trial. Why do women get such a dirty deal in India?
Of course, modernisation will be blamed. Pornography, or social media or the way women dress or speak. Indeed, anything which shifts the blame on to the victim rather than the predator. But just look at the stories women suffer in the ancient epics. Sita is an abandoned baby found in a field while a plough is being used by Janaka in a ceremony. She gets abducted, rejected and then exiled while pregnant, till she is fed up and disappears (commits suicide) at the final rejection by her godly husband. Draupadi is molested and almost raped while dressed in a simple single garment while her elders and betters watch silently. Shurpanakha is molested and disfigured. One could go on. Has Bharat been misogynistic from the beginning?
Maybe, but what has happened in Badaun raises fundamental questions about the history of India since Independence. Here is Uttar Pradesh, not only the largest state but one that played an iconic role during the Independence struggle. It has supplied several prime ministers and is the homestead of the Nehru-Gandhi family. It is the heart of North India and the seat of some of the holiest cities of Hinduism, and the place where the first modern Muslim university as well as the first Hindu university were founded just a hundred years ago. So how and when did things go wrong?
Once we had BIMARU states. Now the other three have escaped the pejorative label. Madhya Pradesh has thrived under Shivraj Singh Chouhan. Bihar has been transformed by Nitish Kumar into a model development state and Rajasthan has progressed under governments of both major parties. Why then is Uttar Pradesh still the sick state of India? Why is it that both national parties and the two regional parties have all managed to misgovern Uttar Pradesh so spectacularly?
The Congress had charge of Uttar Pradesh in the first 42 years. It managed to govern through its Brahmin leadership which stitched together a coalition continued…