Across the aisle: Kashmir is sliding into disaster

The writing on the wall is clear. The alienation of the people of the Kashmir Valley is nearly complete. We are on the brink of losing Kashmir.

Written by P Chidambaram | Updated: April 16, 2017 5:28 am
Kashmir, Kashmir man army jeep, man tied to jeep, Kashmir violence, Kashmir clashes, stone pelting, Kashmir nationalism, nationalism, Valley violence, Express column, Indian Express The people of the Kashmir Valley have alternated between hope and despair. J&K has seen good times and bad times, but the present time seems to be the worst of times. (Representational)

I have written many times on the situation in Jammu & Kashmir with particular reference to the situation in the Kashmir Valley. There were six columns on this page between April and September 2016. The thrust of my argument was, thanks to the policies adopted by the PDP-BJP government in J&K and the Central government, we were losing Kashmir. Few, outside the Kashmir Valley, supported me; many criticised me; and a minister of the Central government came close to calling me anti-national!

I have not changed my views. Rather, recent events have strengthened my views and I intend to articulate them more forcefully. My argument can be summarised thus:

Article 370 is a compact

Jammu & Kashmir, then ruled by a king, acceded to India in 1947 under a ‘grand bargain’. Article 370 of the Constitution of India, adopted in 1950, embodied that grand bargain. Over the years, that Article has been honoured more in the breach than in the observance. The three regions of J&K have responded in different ways. The centre of the conflict is the Kashmir Valley that is home to seven million people. The people of the Valley, especially the youth, have reacted aggressively to the denial of the autonomy that was promised when J&K acceded to India. Among the people, a very small number wants the Valley to become part of Pakistan. A number of persons have turned militants and taken to violence but, at the worst of times, that number did not exceed a few hundred. The overwhelming majority, though, demands azadi.

India, rather the Indian establishment, has reacted predictably. Every government in J&K and every government at the Centre has responded to the challenge with more warnings, more troops and more laws. I have concluded that Kashmir is one subject on which the Prime Minister’s writ does not run. I believe Mr Atal Bihari Vajpayee genuinely looked for a resolution, spoke of insaaniyat,but Operation Parakram was the legacy of his government. Dr Manmohan Singh had an acute sense of history, he accommodated new ideas like the Round Table conferences, amending the AFSPA and deploying interlocutors, but ultimately deferred to the ‘establishment’ view. Mr Narendra Modi surprised all by inviting Mr Nawaz Sharif to the swearing-in of the new government but soon enough he embraced the ‘establishment’ view.

The worst of times

The people of the Kashmir Valley have alternated between hope and despair. J&K has seen good times and bad times, but the present time seems to be the worst of times.

The slide to chaos began in July 2016 with the killing of Burhan Wani. That was only the immediate trigger, the seeds had been sown earlier. In 2014, after the election to the J&K legislative Assembly, two unlikely partners, the PDP and the BJP, formed a coalition government. That was, and remains, a grave provocation. The PDP is seen as a betrayer and the BJP is seen as the usurper. Pulled in opposite directions, the state government has remained passive and helpless while the armed forces have implemented a muscular policy to quell dissent and disturbance.

Since July 2016 and up to January 20, 2017, the violence in J&K claimed 75 lives. Besides, 12,000 people were injured, 1,000 lost vision in one eye due to pellet injuries and five were blinded (as per a report in this newspaper).

As I write this, the situation in J&K has worsened. There were two by-elections — in Srinagar and Anantnag constituencies. Srinagar constituency, spread over three districts, went to the polls on April 9. The voter turnout was 7.14 per cent, the lowest in 28 years. There was widespread stone-pelting. Eight people were killed in police firing. Re-polling in 38 booths took place on April 13, no voter turned up in 20 of those 38 booths, and the voting percentage in the re-poll was 2.02 per cent. Meanwhile, polling in Anantnag constituency was postponed to May 25. The non-vote is actually a vote of no confidence against the state government and the Central government.

The writing on the wall is clear. The alienation of the people of the Kashmir Valley is nearly complete. We are on the brink of losing Kashmir. We cannot retrieve the situation through a ‘muscular’ policy — tough talk by ministers, dire warnings from the Army Chief, deploying more troops or killing more protesters.

A last opportunity

At the risk of being labelled anti-national, let me list the first few steps that must be taken:

1. Ask the PDP-BJP government to resign and promulgate Governor’s Rule. Mr N N Vohra has done a great job as governor, but it is time for a new governor.

2. Announce that the Central government will begin a dialogue with all the stakeholders. Talks can begin with civil society groups and student leaders. Eventually, talks must be held with the separatists.

3. Appoint interlocutors to pave the way for talks.

4. Reduce the presence of the Army and paramilitary forces and hand over the responsibility of maintaining law and order in the Kashmir Valley to the J&K police.

5. Defend the border with Pakistan by all means, take deterrent action against infiltrators on the border, but put on hold ‘counter-terrorist operations’ in the Valley.

If the current medicine of tough talk and tougher action has not worked in J&K, why is it not opportune to try an alternative cure?

Website: pchidambaram.in @Pchidambaram_IN

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  1. K
    Kamalneet Singh
    May 2, 2017 at 11:01 pm
    Very wisely put. Things seem to have gone from bad to worse. There does not seem to be any effort at winning hearts. Or at insaniyat.
    Reply
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      Anil Bharali
      Apr 22, 2017 at 5:54 am
      These are all stupid ideas of cunning Mr P Chidambaram. Who had prevented them from implementing all those bright ideas?? Of course , his mind was engaged in making g design to loot Indian budget by his son Kirthi to make personal wealth. Now he getting time to say some hypocrite version..
      Reply
      1. S
        shameem ahmed
        Apr 17, 2017 at 10:17 pm
        Good article. Balanced views.👍
        Reply
        1. G
          George Cruz
          Apr 17, 2017 at 9:01 pm
          The reality is that the these Kashmir Muslim separatists Jihadists have to realize that the democracy and freedom comes at a cost. If these Muslim Jihadists continue their anti-national activities like pelting stones, shouting Pak flags, and shouting anti-India slogans in the Kashmir valley they may end with the Indian military moving in to curb the anti-national activities, end up with real bullets and their death wish may become reality. The reality is that the normal police stations will be replaced by the tough barracks and these Muslim terrorists will be treated as hostile force. The Indian government is obliged to keep the integrity/security of the J&K..
          Reply
          1. R
            R L Bhatt
            Apr 17, 2017 at 7:51 pm
            Hi Chris Why not consider the following alternatives. 1) Declare Stone pelting as a terrorist act and shoot at sight. Look how China dealt with Islamists there. 2) All the Congress MPs and Sold out journalists should stop criticizing the government actions for two months. 3) Remove special status to Kashmir and treat the state as other states of India.
            Reply
            1. R
              Rajesh
              Apr 17, 2017 at 7:32 pm
              Get lost u Harward ki budda. You have not done anything during last ten years as Finance minister or Home Minister to sort out Kashmir problem . Kashmir problem has been created by your Mr.Nehruji, who didn't have back borne to take proper decision at correct time has taken this matter to UNO and this has given higher hand and chance to stan to internationalise this matter. Now Modiji is trying to solve this matter but your scamgre ies is worsening this matter by giving support to some anti-social elements who are only interested in creating problems in Kashmir along with fools like Omar and Farooq Abdulla
              Reply
              1. T
                TIHAEwale
                Apr 17, 2017 at 7:00 pm
                Feku56 always claims he is different from who occupied the office earlier it could be true when Kashmir secedes under Feku56, already Srinagar bypoll showed what locals in Kashmir thing about State and Central. now let us see what happens during Anantnag by election
                Reply
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                  Achal
                  Apr 17, 2017 at 10:52 am
                  Mr Chidambaram Your party was in power for 10 years. You even spent some time as the Home Minister of this country. The news that used to come during your party's rule were not different from as they are coming now. The only difference is that this government is trying to solve the problem and seems to be more decisive. The problem of Kashmir is the result of Congress's poor policies right from 1947. Please let this government give full five years and then p any judgement.
                  Reply
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