A new general in GHQ

Qamar Javed Bajwa’s challenge: To turn Pak army into a less-publicity driven, more normal organisation.

Written by Silent Whisper | Published:November 30, 2016 12:05 am
general qamar javed bajwa, general qamar javed bajwa-pakistan army chief, pakistan new army chief, india-pakistan relations, india-pakistan-kashmir, kashmir unrest, kashmir issue, world news, indian express According to sources, the general was Nawaz Sharif’s second choice rather than the outgoing army chief’s pick.

Sartaj Aziz, the Pakistan Prime Minister’s advisor on foreign relations, plans to attend the “Heart of Asia” conference. Although there seems very little to talk about on both sides, many around the world will be watching if Aziz brings something fresh to the discussion table now that a new general has replaced General Raheel Sharif at the GHQ.

Domestically in Pakistan, there is an expectation of relative lowering of temperature in civil-military tensions that peaked during the three years of General Sharif. The former army chief’s tenure was akin to a tempestuous love affair for a select segment of society. The emerging elite, the upper middle class and the new political power centre found psychological refuge in the idea of a man they thought would shift the game of civilian political power from old players like Nawaz Sharif and Asif Ali Zardari to new ones such as Imran Khan. In fact, General Sharif turned into a pied piper himself, fighting the battle against corruption through public announcements of disciplinary action against some of his officers, or by drawing a link between terrorism and corruption. Like other parts of South Asia, this message had traction amongst the ordinary people in Pakistan. But the fact that society was not ready for the military taking control of the state, nor was the army prepared to do the same, was one of the reasons that a coup did not happen.

In this respect, the selection of Qamar Javed Bajwa as the new army chief is important. According to sources, the general was Nawaz Sharif’s second choice rather than the outgoing army chief’s pick. Not that the new chief, out of indebtedness to the prime minister for his selection, would entirely de-politicise the army. Probably, the political government’s expectation is for the new chief to agree to remain neutral during the 2018 general elections. The past three years of General Sharif witnessed cricketer-turned-politician Imran Khan’s political party, the PTI, shooting to prominence.

Amid the growing frustration of the people with the PML-N’s centralised style of governance and allegations of corruption encouraged due to politics being turned into a family business, Imran Khan’s sit-ins of 2014 and 2016 received a lot of national and international attention. Imran Khan in Pakistan represents an iconic figure, who has right-wing support with parts of the life-styled liberals also in tow. This has similarities to Modi’s India with the primary difference being that Pakistan’s political system is not as advanced as India’s to have allowed Khan to overtake the older parties politically.

While he kept referring to the possibility of army intervention as the “umpire raising its finger”, Imran Khan was unable to muster an impressive number of people to follow him out on the streets during his famous dharnas (sit-ins). In fact, in the second one in October this year, he even failed to come out of his house to greet and encourage his party workers. Imran Khan and the PTI’s movement, that is also viewed as the covert work of former ISI chiefs, will certainly have to establish new communication channels, with a lot depending on how the new army chief wants to play his hand at politics.

Politically, the formula that the PML-N seems to have found is to move inch by inch rather than taking huge leaps. This also means that the Sharif government will not behave ambitiously in reframing its foreign policy. General Sharif took it upon himself to challenge and change the tenor of Nawaz Sharif’s India policy to ensure that any drastic shift is impossible. Although a former army brigadier, Feroz Khan, claimed in a recent interview that General Bajwa is not virulently anti-India, the test of such a claim lies in an actual policy shift which is not necessarily going to be in the form of disengagement at the LoC but perhaps a willingness to initiate a Track-II dialogue or put energy into the dialogue between the two national security advisors.

It must be noted that the Pakistan Army being both a military institution and key political player, its policy perimeters are set and followed irrespective of who the chief is. The organisation has its eyes on the changing world order and the “great game”, as it is perceived to be played out. The army took the lead under its previous command to build linkages with Moscow and tie it to its strategic relationship with Beijing. The offer to Russia to use the Gwadar port along with the Chinese is Pakistan integrating itself into a new geo-political power arrangement to not only counter a US-India partnership but also escape isolation. Rawalpindi is not concerned about public statements from Moscow or high-powered state visits. The relationship is entirely in the military’s purview. The army is also confident that there is still some room to manoeuvre in challenging India due to the nuclear deterrence umbrella. Under the new chief, this policy would solidify further. In fact, embedded journalists like Wajahat Khan talked about Bajwa bringing the strength of his experience as someone responsible for security at the LoC to his new job. This means that the policy of engaging with select militant groups would remain unaltered. Sources believe that while action may be taken against groups that target religious minorities, others with focus on India will remain intact.

This doesn’t mean that nothing is expected out of General Bajwa whose job is cut out for him. The real feel of change would be in how he handles politics, his publicity and his organisation that was undermined due to the rules of business set out by his predecessor. General Sharif had grown so powerful that everything emanated from his desk. With such emphasis on publicity, the general had become the centre of his organisation, and to unsuspecting Pakistanis, almost the centre of their universe. The publicity bar for the army was enhanced so much that turning it into a normal bureaucratic institution is a major challenge that lies ahead of its new chief. The world will wish him well and watch intently that he doesn’t get tripped by his own ego.

The writer, based in Pakistan, requested anonymity. And has used “Silent Whisper” as a pseudonym.

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    Hemant Kumar
    Nov 30, 2016 at 10:30 am
    In stan military has taken strong, deep and widespread roots since its independence on 14th Aug 1947. They have the support of powerful Islamic clergy. Democracy is only a facade in the building of stani state. Because of Sharia and being an Islamic Republic, true Democracy and freedom of expression have been anathema to it like other Islamic countries. Islam is a very conservative religion which doesn’t allow diverse opinions which are not in conformity with Quran. While dealing with Kashmir issue and in Foreign policy, military has upper hand over civilian government in stan. Therefore there would be no change in stan after the appointment of new army chief. lt;br/gt;Imran Khan has recently turned a new leaf in the stani Politics by stating in a public rally that stan and India share so much and Shri Narendra Modi is honest and immediately after uming office, sent a list of 647 Swiss account holders belonging to India, to Sweden for exchanging information on black money held by them. Whereas Nawaz Sharif being corrupt doesn’t have the courage for taking such action in case of Panama Leak papers. Therefore, stani Politics is also taking a churn as a result of Modified India which is a good omen for future relationship between both the countries.
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      avi
      Nov 30, 2016 at 7:57 am
      If Bajwa reigns in the terrorists let loose from his country, he will win respect of the world and save his own country from ruin and help bring peace to the region. Will the Porki military corporation which owns the country allow it ???
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        DA
        Nov 30, 2016 at 3:20 am
        Sad comment on the situation in stan when a journalist or writer has to use pseudonyms.
        Reply
        1. D
          DA
          Nov 30, 2016 at 3:19 am
          The author compares Imran Khan to Modi. That isn't accurate - if anything, a comparison to Arvind Kejriwal is more appropriate. Similar tactics, similar outlandish claims without any basis whatsoever.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Narendra Modi has grown from grroots of politics in a cadre based insution. Imran Khan relies on celebrity and mob pressure. There is no comparison.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Who is this author by the way. Cyril Almeida? Najam Sethi?
          Reply
          1. R
            Rex
            Nov 30, 2016 at 6:58 am
            "The writer, based in stan, requested anonymity. And has used “Silent Whisper” as a pseudonym." lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;LOL ! I know the name of this writer .
            Reply
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              deendayal lulla
              Nov 30, 2016 at 9:21 am
              You cannot differentiate between terrorists. Action should also be taken against those who create terror in the neighbourhood,apart from home soil.
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                Murthy
                Nov 30, 2016 at 6:15 am
                In other words, the Pak. Army and ISI will follow the same 'terrorism' based policy towards India. At least, this author is candid. I like his common sense in using a 'pen name'. Pak. Army and ISI have so far murdered or driven out of stan a hundred over journalists and other vocal activists. I am with the author when he says, "It must be noted that the stan Army being both a military insution and key political player, its policy perimeters are set and followed irrespective of who the chief is."
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                Manas
                Nov 30, 2016 at 4:58 am
                within few months of independence s unleashed their murderous army dressed as tribals to terrorise Kashmiris. Same game has gone on for 70 years. Only the naive will expect that a state created in the name of bigotry, ethic cleansing, hatred, riots and civil war will change now. The Army, Terrorists and civilians- all have the same jihadi mentality.
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