Forty Years Ago: Indo-Soviet Protocol

It was reported that a decision was taken to associate Indian expertise for civil construction of some turn-key projects by the Soviet Union in Libya, Iran and Iraq.

By: Express News Service | Published: April 6, 2016 12:10 am
Indian Express front page on April 6, 1976 Indian Express front page on April 6, 1976

India and the Soviet Union were to cooperate in ventures in third countries according to a protocol signed in Moscow. Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission P.N. Haksar and Chairman of the Soviet State Committee for Foreign Economic Relations S. Skatchkov were the two signatories. The protocol, which follows from the third meeting of the Indo-Soviet joint commission on economic, scientific and technical cooperation, envisaged wider economic ties in many fields. It was reported that a decision was taken to associate Indian expertise for civil construction of some turn-key projects by the Soviet Union in Libya, Iran and Iraq.

Anti-Mao Protests

Peking witnessed an unprecedented anti-Mao demonstration. The rampaging demonstrators, raising slogans indirectly attacking Chairman Mao, clashed with hundreds of militiamen in several skirmishes. The violence, described as the worst in the Chinese capital in a decade, occurred when thousands of Chinese “moderates”, who had come downtown to honour the late Chou En-lai, went berserk, gatecrashed into the Great Hall of the People and refused to budge. Cars were overturned and a bus set ablaze. Mob fury was also unleashed on Tsinghua University, known to be a radical stronghold. Several students were injured, two of them seriously. The demonstration came as a climax to the reported factional clashes between the “radical’’ followers of Mao Zedong and his “moderate” opponents. The demonstrators were angry over attacks on Senior Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping, Chou’s handpicked successor.

To Sterilise Or Not

Indian states would decide whether they wanted to have compulsory sterilisation or not, said Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. She said that as far as compulsory sterilisation as part of family planning was concerned, it would be left to the states.

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