India should assert leadership at the UN Human Rights Council,and insist on concrete answers and actions
The time has come for India to be bolder and more confident on human rights at the international level. Its growing stature in international affairs demands this leadership position. The current session of the UN Human Rights Council presents India with an excellent opportunity to move towards a foreign policy that truly befits the worlds largest democracy. It should seize the opportunity and vote in favour of accountability in Sri Lanka.
In 2009,when the UNHRC called an emergency session in response to the human catastrophe in Sri Lanka,India helped shelter the country from condemnation and international investigations. But three years later when Sri Lanka has done little to address alleged violations of humanitarian law during the last days of its confrontation with the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) Sri Lanka is expected to come up again at the Council .
It is expected that a resolution will be proposed in coming weeks that will express disappointment that Sri Lanka has not adequately addressed serious allegations of violations of international law,nor done much to initiate credible and independent investigations and prosecutions of those responsible for such violations. It will call on Sri Lanka to create an action plan and then report back to the Council on steps taken to address such allegations. In other words,Sri Lanka has to do much better to embed peace on the island and the world will watch its efforts.
Unfortunately,the proposed resolution does not go far enough. It will not immediately call for direly needed international investigations a bitter disappointment. In this context,the proposed resolution must not preclude future UNHRC efforts that demand justice,accountability and international investigations in Sri Lanka. The resolution should be voted on only as a first step in the right direction,and not as a final step to water down scrutiny or as a tactic to delay urgently needed justice in Sri Lanka.
From Indias point of view,the resolution is saying nothing that India has not ostensibly been asking of Sri Lanka both publicly and privately real accountability and soon. A stable,well-governed neighbour is in Indias interest as a regional power. Stability requires that alienated populations experience justice for the past and in the future. Denials,diplomatic spin and cosmetic efforts that paper over past misdeeds cannot achieve this. Today,only a negative peace exists in Sri Lanka.
India has two other considerations in Sri Lanka the need to retain its influence in the country as China forges ahead with economic aid and investment,and the need to be sensitive to the aspirations of the Sri Lankan Tamils ,who have strong ethnic and kinship links with Indias own 70 million plus population in Tamil Nadu. Support for accountability in Sri Lanka may serve both interests equally well. In the long run,especially as the worlds largest democracy,it is Indias ability to take the moral high ground that will prove to be advantageous against Chinas economic influence in Sri continued…