Colonial structure, feudal values

J&K DIG’s ‘kingly’ abuse of power is no aberration

Written by G. P. Joshi | Published:November 1, 2014 12:44 am
Instagram photographs posted by DIG Shakeel Beig’s son. From left: A man helps the DIG put on his shoes; a securityman doubles up as a caddie for DIG’s son; a man holds an umbrella for Beig. Instagram photographs posted by DIG Shakeel Beig’s son. From left: A man helps the DIG put on his shoes; a securityman doubles up as a caddie for DIG’s son; a man holds an umbrella for Beig.

The boast of the J&K DIG’s son that his father was a “real king” because the “last time he put [on] his shoes himself was almost 15 years ago” has drawn angry reactions from many quarters. This incident is painful because it projects a bleak reality that has to be accepted.

This reality has two aspects. First, the J&K DIG is one of many “kings” in the police forces of the country. Only two years ago, a PIL heard in the Punjab and Haryana High Court alleged that an officer of the rank of inspector general of police of the vigilance department was using as many as 31 police constables and head constables as “servants”. On receiving a notice from the high court, the Punjab government reportedly conducted an inquiry and then suspended the officer. The orderly system still exists and is often misused.

Second, the conditions under which the police constabulary work and live in this country are harsh, humiliating and oppressive. Their salaries are low. They do not have fixed hours of work. Their job is risky and stressful. Family accommodation is not available to the majority of them. They are constantly on the move and have little to look forward to in terms of career advancement. While delivering the fourth Nani Palkhiwala Memorial lecture in Mumbai on October 5, 2009, P.C. Chidambaram, then Union home minister, said that the police constable “who works for 12 to 14 hours a day throughout the year is the most abused” part of the machinery. “Everyone believes that he can be bullied, or cajoled or bribed… he is the most reviled public servant.” He further said that the “self-esteem of the average policeman is very low. and this average police constable is a frontline force for internal security.”

The lower ranks of the police complain that their self-esteem is affected by the behaviour of their senior officers. There are two main grievances. One, policemen posted as orderlies at the residence of senior officers are often required to attend to the personal demands of the seniors and their family members. Two, seniors generally treat junior police officials in a rough, rude manner. Add to this the fact that the general public also looks down on the police constable as a lowly creature. We have not given the policeman the status that befits his role in society. Recently, there have been reports that policemen from the lower ranks have been abused and assaulted by politicians and the public.

A policeman with low esteem cannot be professionally efficient or community friendly. As observed by the National Police Commission (NPC), the manner in which police personnel at lower levels behave towards the public is largely conditioned by the manner in which they are treated by their own senior officers. In its fifth report, the NPC observed: “No amount of exhortation from the higher ranks calling for courteous behaviour towards the public would carry conviction with the subordinates if, in day to day police work, these subordinates are treated with scant courtesy and consideration by the supervisory levels within the police force.”

The managerial philosophy of the police is based on distrust of the lower ranks. In pre-Independence days, the “native” policemen were not to be trusted. The Police Act of 1861 used the words “inferior officers” for those occupying the lower ranks in the police. The phrase still exists in Section 7 of the Police Act, which is titled “Appointment, dismissal etc of inferior officers”. A distinction between seniors and juniors in a hierarchical force may be understandable, but to categorise a small minority of senior officers as superior and a large chunk of the force as inferior smacks of a set-up that is authoritarian and of values that are feudal. Such a police act could hardly be expected to build up a force that functions as a professional organisation.

Even after Independence, the mindset has not changed. We have retained the same style of management. The gulf between the senior officers and lower ranks is still very wide. As Ved Marwah, a retired senior police officer, has mentioned, “Unfortunately, elitism within the superior ranks has only widened the gap between the field policemen and the supervising officers. The two inhabit very different worlds. A culture of distrust of the subordinate officer has developed over the years. This needs to change if the police are to be an accountable and professional force.”

In India, we have given ourselves a democratic structure of governance but our values are highly feudal. So far as the police force is concerned, it is colonial in its structure, as well as values. It is one of the reasons why the police in this country have failed to develop a sense of self-esteem and professional pride.

The writer is a retired director of the Bureau of Police Research and Development and author of ‘Policing in India — Some Unpleasant Essays’
express@expressindia.com

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  1. I
    IndianWellWisher
    Nov 1, 2014 at 10:31 pm
    Why most comments are edited out??
    Reply
    1. I
      IndianWellWisher
      Nov 1, 2014 at 10:31 pm
      Why most comments are edited out??
      Reply
      1. A
        AMARJEET KUMAR
        Nov 1, 2014 at 3:25 pm
        whenever a teacher teaches a cl full of budding students not all of them imbibe all the good he preaches .so to straight away b the complete police set up of the nation as anarchist and feudal is something judgemental and quoting the words from gangajal movie we get the police same as the society as the person in a khakhi uniform is one among us .why then is he bed as an outcast by sharing a photo of corrupt official .there are many instances where there have been officers who have done a commendable job in working selflesslessly for the society and the feudal system which is being hailed as colonial has been created by us or being perceived as one .for changing the structure a designer first thinks that the change he is going to do is good not that it will have devastating effects .
        Reply
        1. A
          AMARJEET KUMAR
          Nov 1, 2014 at 3:25 pm
          whenever a teacher teaches a cl full of budding students not all of them imbibe all the good he preaches .so to straight away b the complete police set up of the nation as anarchist and feudal is something judgemental and quoting the words from gangajal movie we get the police same as the society as the person in a khakhi uniform is one among us .why then is he bed as an outcast by sharing a photo of corrupt official .there are many instances where there have been officers who have done a commendable job in working selflesslessly for the society and the feudal system which is being hailed as colonial has been created by us or being perceived as one .for changing the structure a designer first thinks that the change he is going to do is good not that it will have devastating effects .
          Reply
          1. G
            Guest
            Nov 1, 2014 at 3:44 pm
            This is simply a disgrace, why does this officer even have a job ? I think such people should be fired and fired without any pension or benefits to teach them and others in such positions a lesson.
            Reply
            1. G
              Guest
              Nov 1, 2014 at 3:44 pm
              This is simply a disgrace, why does this officer even have a job ? I think such people should be fired and fired without any pension or benefits to teach them and others in such positions a lesson.
              Reply
              1. D
                ddeepaksteevan
                Nov 1, 2014 at 12:59 pm
                Present codition suits well for the political masters, top babus, senior police officials, all the high & mighty corrupt individuals as well as criminal businessmen.so who will care to chnge it?a professional force can't be misused like what is being done now. So don't expect anythingm to change atleast in near future
                Reply
                1. D
                  ddeepaksteevan
                  Nov 1, 2014 at 12:59 pm
                  Present codition suits well for the political masters, top babus, senior police officials, all the high & mighty corrupt individuals as well as criminal businessmen.so who will care to chnge it?a professional force can't be misused like what is being done now. So don't expect anythingm to change atleast in near future
                  Reply
                  1. H
                    Harry Haran
                    Nov 1, 2014 at 11:16 am
                    The only long term solution is to REVAMP the w Police force & build a Parallel Police System - similar to NYPD or American Police System - where the lowest rung police would be called Detective. Overhaul the entire Police force with just 2 to 3 designations : Detectives, Officer & Chief (the head of the entire Police force). Any senior using a Detective for anything other than Police Duty - should be severely reprimanded & on repeat offence should be DEMOTED. Only the Fear of demotion / dismissal from service works in most Human beings. Pay / ries of Police force should be increased to 3 to 4 times the current level & any Detective / officer indulging in Bribes should be summarily dismissed without any benefits of Pension, Gratuy. All Police personnel should be allowed to work only 8 hours & beyond that should be paid Overtime but to a limit of 2 to 3 hours max. In fact the Police Force should be modelled on Army Discipline. This kind of Police Force would be Disciplined, Dedicated & should be encouraged to be Public friendly.
                    Reply
                    1. H
                      Harry Haran
                      Nov 1, 2014 at 11:16 am
                      The only long term solution is to REVAMP the w Police force & build a Parallel Police System - similar to NYPD or American Police System - where the lowest rung police would be called Detective. Overhaul the entire Police force with just 2 to 3 designations : Detectives, Officer & Chief (the head of the entire Police force). Any senior using a Detective for anything other than Police Duty - should be severely reprimanded & on repeat offence should be DEMOTED. Only the Fear of demotion / dismissal from service works in most Human beings. Pay / ries of Police force should be increased to 3 to 4 times the current level & any Detective / officer indulging in Bribes should be summarily dismissed without any benefits of Pension, Gratuy. All Police personnel should be allowed to work only 8 hours & beyond that should be paid Overtime but to a limit of 2 to 3 hours max. In fact the Police Force should be modelled on Army Discipline. This kind of Police Force would be Disciplined, Dedicated & should be encouraged to be Public friendly.
                      Reply
                      1. N
                        Niladrinath Mohanty
                        Nov 1, 2014 at 2:37 am
                        Why we talk police force alone. This sort of behaviour is to be found in other branches of the Govt. A superior never addresses his junior or sub-ordinate as 'aap' and he will address the junior as ' tum'. The superior will not offer a chair to his junior to sit down while talking to him. This also been my experience in Public sector companies where worked for about eleven years.
                        Reply
                        1. P
                          prem ranjan
                          Nov 1, 2014 at 7:30 am
                          police reforms are urgent need of the country
                          Reply
                          1. R
                            Rabindra Nath
                            Nov 1, 2014 at 10:25 am
                            It is not mindset that the writer has mentioned that has not changed but the Police Act.of 1861 that still rules the POLICE The Police reform direction that Supreme court has given in in its judgement dt 22.09.2006 has not been implemented. Police is despite all this disrespect,, worst service conditions are not revolting or are not agitating, not that they are rule bound or loyal to the service conditions but they are free to make money that much surpes their ry and other allowances. Naval sailors had gone on afgitation having toughest service condition what prevents these Police men including IPS of all ranks to demand implementation of Police reform?
                            Reply
                            1. R
                              Rabindra Nath
                              Nov 1, 2014 at 10:25 am
                              It is not mindset that the writer has mentioned that has not changed but the Police Act.of 1861 that still rules the POLICE The Police reform direction that Supreme court has given in in its judgement dt 22.09.2006 has not been implemented. Police is despite all this disrespect,, worst service conditions are not revolting or are not agitating, not that they are rule bound or loyal to the service conditions but they are free to make money that much surpes their ry and other allowances. Naval sailors had gone on afgitation having toughest service condition what prevents these Police men including IPS of all ranks to demand implementation of Police reform?
                              Reply
                              1. G
                                Gowrishanker
                                Nov 1, 2014 at 3:43 pm
                                Very well articulated article highlighting the plight of the Policeman on the street. Here a point to noted is the Political Elite has kept the Police in such condition ,without modernization in spite of so many recommendations by many committees over last fifty years, as it can remain under its vise like grip and be its master.
                                Reply
                                1. G
                                  Gowrishanker
                                  Nov 1, 2014 at 3:43 pm
                                  Very well articulated article highlighting the plight of the Policeman on the street. Here a point to noted is the Political Elite has kept the Police in such condition ,without modernization in spite of so many recommendations by many committees over last fifty years, as it can remain under its vise like grip and be its master.
                                  Reply
                                  1. M
                                    Mohit Roy
                                    Nov 2, 2014 at 10:04 am
                                    Same is true for defense services.Soldiers say that they feel no glory in serving in the forces because ''honour, dignity and respect'' are exclusive for the officers.This feudal mentality is not going to change because public to politicians have no stake in that.Those who feel trauma of this on daily basis, do not give their hundred per cent to their profession.At last I want to thank the writer for raising voice against this.
                                    Reply
                                    1. M
                                      Mohit Roy
                                      Nov 2, 2014 at 10:04 am
                                      Same is true for defense services.Soldiers say that they feel no glory in serving in the forces because ''honour, dignity and respect'' are exclusive for the officers.This feudal mentality is not going to change because public to politicians have no stake in that.Those who feel trauma of this on daily basis, do not give their hundred per cent to their profession.At last I want to thank the writer for raising voice against this.
                                      Reply
                                      1. T
                                        T.V. SIVAKUMARAN
                                        Nov 3, 2014 at 6:33 am
                                        The situation in the most feudal state of Karnataka, where I live is worse. Retired Police officers continue to have their "batmen" and dictate terms on even traffic management. One such officer has converted the road in which he lives into a one-way, causing enormous inconvenience to the road users. Unauthorised speed breakers in front of the houses of these self-styled super V.I.Ps is legion.
                                        Reply
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