Cranberry juice may beat kids bladder infections
NEW YORK: Cranberry juice rich in certain antibacterial substances may help prevent repeat urinary tract infections in kids,a small study suggests. Researchers found that cranberry juice made with high concentrations of proanthocyanidins (PACs) cut kids risk of repeat urinary tract infections by two-thirds,versus a comparison juice. Since the juice on your supermarkets shelves may not have that PAC level,the researchers say their findings are not an endorsement of any product. But the results,published in the Journal of Urology,do give support to cranberry as a UTI fighter,according to a paediatric urologist not connected to the study. PACs are the compounds thought to give cranberries their bacteria-fighting potential. There has been little research on kids,even though UTIs are relatively common in children.
Genetic diabetes counseling may not inspire change
NEW YORK: Counselling people about their personal risk of diabetes based on their genes may not motivate them to take steps to prevent the blood sugar disease,a new study suggests. Overweight and obese research participants lost the same amount of weight and were similarly dedicated to a diabetes-prevention program whether they learned their genes put them at high or low risk or when they hadnt been counselled at all. Its very,very hard to change behavior, said lead researcher Dr Richard Grant,now at Kaiser Permanente Northern California in Oakland. The idea that a number,whether its a genetic number or anything,will have a big impact on changing peoples behaviour it just wont work.
Abortions linked to pre-term birth
NEW YORK: Induced abortions may raise the risk for very pre-term birth in subsequent pregnancies,a new study reports. Researchers reviewed the records of 3,00,858 first-time mothers who had single babies in Finland from 1996 to 2008,comparing the data with a registry of induced abortions from 1983 to 2008. The analysis appeared online Wednesday in the journal Human Reproduction. After controlling for smoking,a history of miscarriage,socioeconomic level and other factors,the investigators found that the risk for very preterm birth that is,birth at 28 or fewer weeks of gestation increased with the number of previous abortions a woman had had: a 19 per cent increase after one abortion,69 per cent for two,and 278 per cent for three. They also found increased risks for pre-term birth (less than 37 weeks of gestation) and for low birth weight,but only in women who had three or more abortions.