The Agharkar Research Institute (ARI),Pune,is moving a proposal to the Union Ministry of Agriculture seeking permission to release the latest high-yielding variety of soyabean MACS 1188 to the Indian market. The institute requires the permission to make it available to farmers for cultivation.
The ARI claims MACS 1188 is not only resistant to diseases but also its pods dont shatter prematurely. Also,its per hectare yield is much higher than other varieties of the crop.
According to ARI scientists who worked on the crop,MACS 1188 is an improvement over the varieties under cultivation and its per hectare yield is 4 quintals more. On each hectare,MACS 1188 yields 24 quintals of seed,which gives the farmer an additional return of at least Rs 10,000 per hectare. Besides,the variety is also more resistant to diseases like charcoal and Rhizotona,which hit the roots of the crop,as well as insect-born diseases like stem fly,pod borer,leaf roller and leaf miner,which attack the stem and leaves of the plant, says Dr S P Taware of the genetics department of ARI.
He says the Centre will have to issue a notification authenticating the new variety of soyabean before it is released for commercial use. The permission of the Central governments Ministry of Agriculture will also specify the name of the agency to whom the seed will be sold, adds Taware.
ARI Officiating Director D R Ranade says the new variety was developed after over 13 years of research.
Earlier trials of the ARI have shown that MACS 1188 is suitable for cultivation in Karnataka,Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu,besides Maharashtra.