According to the Census 2011 data on houses,household amenities and assets of Madhya Pradesh,more than 70 per cent families in the central state defecate in open even as the number of mobile/telephone users has gone up by 920 per cent in the last decade.
The report was released yesterday by the Director of Census Operation Sachin Sinha.
The report says 71.2 per cent families in Madhya Pradesh have no toilet facility at their premises as against 28.2 per cent families who have lavatories at their residences.
The percentage of families lacking the basic facility has,however,come down marginally from 76 per cent as was the case in 2001 enumeration.
As far as bathroom facility is concerned,the report says that only 25.8 per cent families have enclosed bathrooms while 21.4 have them without any roof over it.
On drainage front,30.1 per cent of population use open drainage,while 60.1 per cent families have no facility for drainage whereas only 9.8 per cent families have this facility in their houses.
The issue of enclosed toilets in Madhya Pradesh recently hogged limelight when a tribal woman,Anita Narre,virtually risked her marriage by refusing to return to her husband’s place as it lacks the facility.
The number of mobile/telephone users has gone up by 920 per cent in the last decade with 46 per cent families now using them for communication.
With an increase of 48.6 per cent in usage in the last decade,32.14 per cent families in the state now own television sets in contrast to 14.5 per cent households that are using radio sets. The overall use of radio sets has registered a negative growth rate of minus 4.6 per cent in the last decade.
Banking seems to have ushered in a change in the state with 46 per cent families now using the facility,registering a growth at staggering 128.8 per cent in the last decade.
The data showcases that the number of houses in the state has gone up by 32 per cent in the last decade. In 2001 census,the total number of houses was 1.40 crore while in 2011 enumeration it stood at 1.85 crore.
Referring to piped water supply,the data says only 23.3 per cent families get water through taps while 47 per cent families are dependent on hand pumps.