Getting Drunk in a Dry State

The church looks the other way as a fledgling wine industry finds tipplers and profits in Mizoram

Written by Adam Halliday | New Delhi | Published on:September 8, 2013 12:03 am

Drunk on wine at 2 pm,young men staggered and stumbled down a winding road that led up to a field where many more strutted about with dark brown bottles. Three men sat on their haunches in a semi-circle on the meadow,gulping quickly from paper cups labeled “Mizoram Grape Festival 2013”,each sold at the nearby stall for Rs 5. You could also buy a 650 ml bottle of Zo Wine for Rs 120,or pay Rs 10 more for a 750 ml bottle of Zawlaidi,which translates into “Love Potion”; both are variants of red wine.

Zote village and the hills surrounding Champhai town in Mizoram had not seen such a happening event in a while. In a state where the consumption and sale of alcohol is outlawed,the last “grape festival” had taken place eight years ago. Scores of policemen watched as the crowds hooted and cheered a fashion show on stage; those in exceptionally high spirits ran around with arms flailing; and at the parking area,a group of men played music and danced,confident that no one would be rounded up after a breathalyser test. They were celebrating the one festival that allowed them to drink in a dry state.

Drinking was not always prohibited in Mizo society. Till the advent of Christianity,animistic rituals,social and religious ceremonies and military triumphs were solemnised and celebrated with local rice beer. “Zu,Lushai beer … (alcohol prepared from rice,and sometimes fruits) was never a daily item of diet for the ordinary home,it rather having the mark of a real festa. The chiefs and more well-to-do people would drink it daily,usually to excess,but amid a very natural conviviality,” wrote Major AG McCall,the former superintendent of Lushai Hills (as Mizoram was then called),in 1949.

It was only in the mid-1990s that liquor was banned after sustained lobbying by the church and voluntary organisations. It was partly influenced by Christian missionaries’ teachings that alcoholism is a “sin” and the violence sparked by drinking sessions at home and outside. Its success was preceded by years of patrolling by community-level volunteers determined to maintain order in neighbourhoods — even now,volunteers keep vigil through long winter nights and reprimand drunkards on the streets,sometimes with violence. Recently,bootleggers,drug-dealers and foreigners (Myanmarese) were forcefully evicted from neighbourhoods and villages. In the first half of this year alone,53,658 bottles and cans of Indian Made Foreign Liquor,beer and imported alcohol,and 20,295.52 litres of country liquor were seized by the state’s excise and narcotics department,with 1,175 cases registered under the Mizoram Liquor Total Prohibition act of 1995. Hospitals in the state are flooded with liver patients addicted to spurious alcohol.

Forbidden alcohol might be,unavailable it is not. Last month,Mizoram governor Vakkom Purushothaman told journalists at a tea hosted at his residence that “Mizoram was the wettest dry state”. Rare trips to neighbouring Assam and even across the border to Myanmar are highly coveted for most,and at airports in Guwahati and Kolkata,you can hear Mizo students and travelers ask each other with a knowing smirk,“Engzah nge I hawn? (How many are you taking home?)” …continued »

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