Researchers have shed light on why consumers change their minds or switch their loyalties to other brands.
The authors developed a model that helps explain the instability in consumers product choices and choices.
Recently,more and more experiments have shown that consumers’ product evaluations and choices can be extremely unstable, write authors Stijn van Osselaer (Erasmus University,The Netherlands) and Chris Janiszewski (University of Florida,Gainesville).
What product they choose can change a lot from situation to situation and is influenced by the slightest exposures to information in the environment.
For example,quickly flashing the word ‘health’ increases the attractiveness of healthy products,even when a consumer is not consciously aware of it.
The model assumes that product evaluations and choices are motivated by consumers expectations about the benefits of consumer a product (for example,we expect that eating fruit instead of cheesecake will benefit our health).
These benefits serve as goals for consumers,and goals need to be activated during moments of consumer choice.
Momentary goal activation is influenced by many factors,the authors explain.
Activation occurs from exposure to the goal (seeing or hearing the word ‘health’),cues in the environment (seeing someone work out),recent goal satisfaction (you just worked out),or exposure to goal-consistent products (like healthy snacks).
The authors model provides a consistent explanation for goal-based product evaluations and choices and provides a theory for the way goal activation influences product evaluation and choice.
Thus product evaluation and choice depend on the extent to which a product is expected to be a good means for achieving a consumers currently active goals, the authors added.