The people of Telangana will count themselves winners after five-decade-long struggle,but many of their neighbours will be crestfallen.
The reason is the eventual severance of Hyderabad from Andhra Pradesh. The capital is the jewel in the crown,an information technology hub and a city that hosts the vibrant Telugu film industry.
Politicians,industrialists and realtors from Andhra Pradeshs two other regions,and those in the film industry,are among those who will be disappointed. They have a lot at stake in and around Hyderabad,and their fear is that the Telangana government will seek to take their properties over or cancel the acquisitions. Many of the properties in Hyderabad are alleged to have been acquired dubiously,or at throwaway prices because of government largesse.
The list of those who own prime property and have invested hugely in Hyderabad includes Congress,TDP and YSR Congress MPs and MLAs,film stars,bankers,hoteliers,doctors,academicians and builders.
TDP chief N Chandrababu Naidu and his family own the Heritage Foods chain with many outlets and properties in Hyderabad. Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy owns property all over the city and its outskirts,including buildings and printing presses and studios of the Sakshi Telugu newspaper and channel. The Congress MP from Vijayawada,Lagadapati Rajagopal,owns huge plots in Hyderabad and on its fringes,including in Lanco Hills where he has a high-end housing project. He said recently he stands to lose a lot if Telangana is formed.
The owners of Narayana Group and Chaitanya Group have invested heavily in infrastructure and educational projects all over Hyderabad and other Telangana districts.
Film star-turned-union minsiter K Chiranjeevi and his family own a number of properties in and around Banjara Hills. Actor Akkineni Nagarjuna and his family own Annapurna Studios. Ramoji Film City belongs to Ramoji Rao,from Krishna.
The film industry is dominated by actors and directors from Coastal Andhra. The Telugu film industry produces the highest number of films in a regional language by any state.
G M Rao,chairman of the GMR Group that built the Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at Shamshabad,hails from Srikakulam. And Reddy Labs,Apollo Hospitals and Kamineni Hospitals are all owned by people from the two other regions.
From Coastal Andhra come the entrepreneurs,small businessmen,real estate agents,engineers and farmers,backed by the earnings from agriculture,and from Rayalaseema come the mining magnates. They have invested in the IT infrastructure.
Hyderabad also has over two dozen national institutes,including Sardar Vallabhbhai National Police Academy,National Institute of Nutrition,and National Institute of Rural Development.
Telangana agitations have repeatedly attacked properties owned by non-Telangana people, says K S Prasad,who owns animation studios in Hyderabad. Their leaders may deny any threat to non-Telangana people and their properties,but the situation may turn out to be scary.
Of the 4 lakh people working in IT in Hyderabad,over 60 per cent are from non-Telangana regions. When the agitation started,many techies opted to work in places closer to their home districts rather than Hyderabad. The concern for the IT industry is whether the same good work and investment climate will continue in Hyderabad, an official with Software Technology Parks of India says.
In the new state,Telanganas people will have all the opportunities that had so been far available to others, pledges Telangana Rashtra Samiti president K Chandrasekhara Rao.
THE DISTRIBUTION AFTER THE SPLIT
How Telangana compares with the rest of Andhra Pradesh,politically and economically
1.14 lakh sq km,out of undivided Andhra Pradeshs 2.75 lakh
sq km 3.44 cr population (undivided AP has 8.46 crore); 12.5% of Telanganas population is Muslim
10 districts (including Hyderabad),13 in rest of Andhra Pradesh
FORWARD & BACKWARD
7.5 %/yr All 10 districts have grown at least that much for the past 12 years 5 of the 10 districts qualify for Backward Regions Grant Fund 52 Infant mortality ratio in Telangana; AP average is 43 (2011) Legislators
17 Lok Sabha MPs (12 Congress,2
TDP,2 TRS,1 MIM); rest of AP has 25
119 MLAs, 15 are ministers (including Dy CM
C Damodar Rajanarasimha); rest of AP has 175; 295th member is nominated (Anglo-Indian)
party telangana rest of ap
Cong 51 95
TDP 37 42
17 TRS (Telangana),17 YSR Cong (rest of AP),16 vacant ,rest others
Coal: GSI estimates 22 bn tonnes reserves in Godavari Valley,8% of Indias total. Singareni Collieries Company Ltd has 8,791 mn tonnes
Minerals: Bauxite,chromite,precious stones,iron ore. 5 of the 10 districts have been classified by mines ministry among Indias 61 high- or medium-mineral-potential districts
Airports: International,Hyderabad. Domestic,Nizamabad and Karimnagar,to be developed
Engg colleges: 350 (out of 780,undivided AP)
National Highways: 15% of APs 4,537km
Rail network: 35 % of AP total
Companies: 60% of APs registered companies