Delhi Pollution: Prolonged exposure can cut life expectancy, affect heart, lead to cancer

Prolonged exposure to pollution leads to acute respiratory infections and chronic bronchitis. It could also aggravate pre-existing heart and lung disease.

By: Lifestyle Desk | New Delhi | Updated: November 6, 2016 6:31 pm
Delhi pollution, Delhi air, Delhi pollution health, Delhi pollution effects, Delhi pollution cancer, news, latest news, India news, national news, Delhi news Inhaling pollutants cause inflammation in the lungs and directly effects the heart and cardiovascular system. (source: AP)

The worsening levels of air quality in Delhi is bound to bring its own share of problems, putting residents at the risk of developing heart-related issues and cancer. A week after Diwali night, the air quality has been deteriorating each passing day with a thick blanket of dense smog enveloping the city and nearby areas. Residents have been rushing to stores selling air masks and air purifiers are back in demand this season. A protest against the “ineffectiveness” of the government in tackling the rising pollution levels was also organised at Jantar Mantar on Sunday. Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal cited farmers burning crop stubble in neighbouring states such as Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh as the reason for Delhi turning into a “gas chamber”.

Also watch: No Construction Activities, Schools To Shut, Says Arvind Kejriwal

But how does air pollution effect your health? Inhaling pollutants cause inflammation in the lungs and directly effects the heart and cardiovascular system. Particulate matter, when inhaled, pass into the blood stream and cause damage to the heart and blood vessels. Researchers at the American College of Cardiology noticed that ultrafine air pollutants decrease blood flow to the heart and its pumping function. Prolonged exposure to pollution leads to acute respiratory infections and chronic bronchitis. It could also aggravate pre-existing heart and lung disease. Asthma and reduced life expectancy are also linked to short-term exposure.

Read also:  Is it time for Delhiites to start wearing a mask?

A study conducted by Green Peace earlier this year showed that there was a 13 per cent increase in PM 2.5 levels in India in comparison to a 17 per cent reduction in China from 2010 to 2015. Images taken by a NASA satellite showed that India’s air quality has steadily worsened during the five-year period, while China’s slight improved. The study also found that the average PM 2.5 levels in a year was 128 for New Delhi, much higher than China’s capital Beijing (81).

Know more:  How to survive and safeguard yourself from the city’s toxic air

A recent set of satellite imagery from NASA suggests that Kejriwal may not be far off the mark in laying the blame at Haryana’s doorstep. A sharp increase in the number of crop fires in states neighbouring Delhi was noticed. Farmers burn crop stubble, instead of manually removing them, in preparation for the next harvest. The phenomenon is, however, not new as countries such as Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia suffer due to the effects of Southeast Asian haze. Like in India, farmers in Indonesia resort to slash-and-burn technique to clear large patches of land. This involves cutting down the vegetation and setting fire to the remaining stubble. Smoke emanating from these fires produce a thick smog, effecting its neighbouring countries. Though the practice of slash-and-burn is banned in Asia, authorities in Indonesia are accused of turning a blind eye.

Asked about crop burning, Kerjiwal on Sunday said that he was not pointing fingers at anyone, but merely stating that everyone has to sit together and find a solution. Union Minister for Environment Anil Madhav Dave invited neighbouring state chief ministers and environment ministers for discussing the issue.

Meanwhile, an emergency Cabinet meeting was called by Kejriwal on Sunday to tackle the rising air pollution levels on war footing. Kejriwal listed a slew of measures to tackle the problem. Ban on construction activity, shutting down the Badarpur power plant, ban on burning of leaves, and sprinkling and vacuuming of roads were among those announced. Earlier this week, Deputy CM Manish Sisodia said air purifiers will be installed at Anand Vihar, ITO, Sarai Kalen Khan, Kashmere Gate and IIT (Delhi) or AIIMS.

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  1. S
    Soundar
    Nov 6, 2016 at 1:12 pm
    Nearly 1000 aircraft are landing/ take off/ taxing and another 1000 aircraft over flying daily at Delhi Airport what about the emission of these aircraft?
    Reply
  2. J
    Jayant
    Nov 6, 2016 at 1:01 pm
    if burning fields is the major cause of smog, then the smog should cause similar issues all across the northern states. The rural potion should also be affected. Why is the focus only on the NCR?, I think the situation requires a sincere root cause analysis ( in the scientific sense)
    Reply
    1. M
      MK Vyas
      Nov 6, 2016 at 12:51 pm
      Dust on the roads and burning of crops is the main reason for air quality deterioration in NCR. All concerned authorities should initiate suitable action to control pollution. Blaming each other will not help anyone.
      Reply
      1. N
        Nirbanjyoti
        Nov 6, 2016 at 12:43 pm
        I dont think govt. should do anything on this. I think we have got a process where the more people will die. why let the people die ? because the potion will be 1.5 billion form 1.25 now in 2050. More potion means more food ,water , education , land , resources etc. But the world resources are limited. 2nd thing we simply cannot implement one child policy like china. So, its better to let the potion kills us.
        Reply
        1. R
          Ram S
          Nov 6, 2016 at 12:50 pm
          The potion of India in 1950 was 36 crores and after years now it is 125 crores...If the same trend continues, in another 65 years our potion becomes more than 400 crores.. Where are we heading ? Nobody can save this country if potion growth is not checked. If anyone proposes steps to check the potion growth then some sickulars, jihadis, sanghis, liberals will make it a political issue. Some communities are breeding like rats to increase their number. All religions are bogus and man made..Religion, superisions and vote bank politics are the root causes of all these problems.
          Reply
          1. V
            vish
            Nov 6, 2016 at 4:54 pm
            It is not the air pollution that is more dangerous but it is the polluted politicians like AAP and congress along with Top CM Kejri.50% of the problem will be solved if you dump these poisonous politicians.
            Reply
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