What is the Tipraland movement that has brought life to a halt in Tripura?

Tipraland movement: The IPTF, since Monday, has been blocking the Assam-Agartala national highway (NH-8), the State's only link to the rest of the country, and the railway network in West Tripura district's Khamthingbari.

By: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Published:July 12, 2017 6:48 pm
Tipraland, tripura blockade, twipra, twipra state, tipra state, tipra statehood, Members of the IPFT(Indigenous People Front of Tripura) strip naked during on a road and rail blockade movement demanding Tipraland. (Source: Express photo by Abhisek Saha)

As the indefinite rail and road blockade demanding a separate state for the indigenous tribals in Tripura entered its third day, members of the Indigenous People’s Front of Tripura stripped naked in protest on the outskirts of the State capital, Agartala. The IPTF, since Monday, has been blocking the Assam-Agartala national highway (NH-8), the State’s only link to the rest of the country, and the railway network in West Tripura district’s Khamthingbari. The situation so far has been peaceful, Superintendent of Police (SP) of West district told news agency PTI on Monday.

What is the IPTF?

Protesters block railway tracks in Tripura. (Source: PTI)

It is tribal-based party in Tripura which is known for its hardline stance on the Tipraland issue. The party, founded by NC Debbarma, is also known to be soft on extremist movements in the State. It was close to facing political isolation after failing to win any seats in the 2009 Lok Sabha elections and 2013 state assembly elections.

What are they demanding?

(Source: PTI)

The longstanding demand of the IPTF is to carve out Tipraland — a separate state from Tripura. They claim that the identity of the tribal population in the State is under threat. When the UPA government acceded to the demand for Telangana state and allowed the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh, the separate statehood movement rejuvenated in Tripura with the IPTF organising a massive rally in Agartala.

What is the history of the movement?

(Source: PTI)

After the death of its last king, Maharaja Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya Bahadur Debbarma, the hilly kingdom of Twipra joined independent India, first as a Union Territory before going on to achieve statehood. Following the mass migration of the Bengali community from East Pakistan after partition and during the 1971 Bangladesh liberation war, ethnic strife between the indigenous population and migrants increased over the years. However, the violence abated after the establishment of the tribal autonomous district council to oversee the development of Tripura’s tribal areas.

In August 2016, a rally taken out by the IPTF to mark the eight ‘Tipraland’ Statehood Demand Day turned violent where nearly 100 people were injured and several vehicles were torched in clashes between tribals and non-tribals. A 24-hour blockade of the NH-8 and railway tracks was also observed last year.

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  1. B
    Bhagat
    Jul 17, 2017 at 7:34 am
    My dear Indian Friends please don't afraid to say The truth. We all know, and history prove and says that "Truth shall set free one day" no matter how time takes but one day or the other success for the truth is reserved. My question to my Indian Friends"if stranger came to your home and asked for help because he/she is facing danger no food shelter you are kind hearted and accepted him/her as GUEST lastly you see that GUEST started capturing your property illegally and brings others family too and they became majority where as HOST became minority." Now the HOST cant stop them because they made the land in their names.Now the HOST appeal to GOVT to separate the PARASITE (GUEST)give them the land what they have now and make my land safe from the parasitic GUEST in future.My dear Indian friends see what big heart the HOST(TRIPURI PEOPLE)is having. But the GUEST doesnt like to separate the land they want more from HOST.If this happens to you what will you do my dear Indian friends??
    Reply
    1. M
      Manash Deb
      Jul 17, 2017 at 2:12 am
      Separate state will not help at all. Only solution is to replace CPM with BJP government and grow job opportunities and private industry. Why tripura is poor inspire of India's top educated people. Because CPM is not doing enough for the state and their end has come. Hatred can never win. It's time for Bengali and tripuris to come together to make us a developed state with all amenities.
      Reply
      1. F
        faze
        Jul 16, 2017 at 11:23 pm
        India is a country with many different relegions, regions, caste, languages and many more. if everybody starts demanding for states then India will be having more than 24 states lolz. If you are talking about "minority" then dudes start growing the population of ur tribe. are u expecting Modi or left govt to help u on that. If you are talking about ST then ST are getting way better free things than others. Govt job quota is kept sseparately for ST people and for others compe ions. isn' uunfair for others? in case of everything ST has better benifits. now if other people ask why ST is getting edtra freebies then what will be ur answer? ofc u will say that cause its ur land. lemme remind u india is a free country and all the people has rights here. Try to improve urself instead of makijg fool out of urselves. Being naked on road and blocking leads to self harm and off for all Tripura. is it a good thing to do that? grow up and be calm and also try to be better
        Reply
        1. S
          SAMRAT
          Jul 16, 2017 at 5:38 pm
          Dont miss this point: Historically, the Hindu rulers of Tripura’s Manikya dynasty had always encouraged the immigration of and settlement of non-tribals, especially Bengalis to Tripura. Rajmala authenticates the fact that Ratna Manikya (1464-1468) was the first to ‘settle 4000 Bengalis in four places’ in Tripura.
          Reply
          1. S
            SAMRAT
            Jul 16, 2017 at 5:34 pm
            : oocities /the_agony_of_tripura/
            Reply
            1. S
              SAMRAT
              Jul 16, 2017 at 5:34 pm
              : academia.edu/13051044/Changing_Mentality_of_the_Bengali_Refugees_The_Story_of_Tripura_1946-1971_
              Reply
              1. S
                SAMRAT
                Jul 16, 2017 at 5:31 pm
                To the Editor for future reference, : academia.edu/13051044/Changing_Mentality_of_the_Bengali_Refugees_The_Story_of_Tripura_1946-1971_ : oocities /the_agony_of_tripura/ s: quora /How-did-Bengalis-come-into-Tripura
                Reply
                1. S
                  SAMRAT
                  Jul 16, 2017 at 5:33 pm
                  To the Editor for future reference,
                  Reply
                2. T
                  Tiprasa
                  Jul 15, 2017 at 11:41 am
                  First they ignore you, then they laugh at you ,then they fight you , then you WIN -Mahatma Gandhi I am tiprasa I love my land I love my people I pray for my people I support my people And I want my land which is still a dreamland Let's support and pray for our brothers and sisters who is fighting for our rights and for our land🙏🏻🙏🏻🙏🏻.
                  Reply
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