Usually calm, J&K’s Budgam is tinderbox: Anger over killings, despair with politicians, govt

The village is in mourning for him and for 17-year-old Mohammed Abbas.

Written by Nirupama Subramanian | Budgam | Updated: April 13, 2017 8:09 am
Srinagar bypoll, Srinagar polls, J&K bypolls, Kashmir bypolls, Srinagar news, Srinagar byelections, Srinagar parliamentary constituency, Election Commission Srinagar elections, Budgam violence, Srinagar violence, Indian Express, India news Jammu and Kashmir: Deserted polling station at Chrar. (Photo: Shuaib Masoodi)

The first page of Faizan Fayaz Dar’s English notebook is a Q & A on the Tagore poem “Heaven”. In neat cursive handwriting, the 12-year-old has written out the questions in red, the answers in blue. The first question: “What does Tagore wish for India and Indians?” Faizan’s answer: “He wished that people of free India should be fearless, truthful, proud of their culture, and loving.” Faizan’s father Fayaz Dar, his friends and teachers, described him as the brightest pupil of the government school in Dalwan, a village in a far corner of Charar-e-Sharif in Budgam district.

The village is in mourning for him and for 17-year-old Mohammed Abbas. Both were killed in firing by security forces personnel on April 9, the day of polling for Srinagar parliamentary constituency.

“My son had just gone to see the tamasha, like all kids he was curious,” said Dar. He’s reluctant to say what the “tamasha” was but a boy said a group of older boys were pelting stones at the school. Some others said they were asking the polling officials to leave.

Abbas’s father Fateh Mohammed, a policeman, said his son was returning from the fields. Both boys died after receiving a bullet in the head.

Before this, there had never been any stone pelting in Dalwan, nor had security forces ever killed anyone in the village. The poll boycott was new too. The turnout in Charar-e-Sharif Assembly segment has always been high. It’s a stronghold of the National Conference — in the 2014 Assembly elections, the turnout in this segment was about 80 per cent.

Like Dalwan, other far-flung areas in the Srinagar parliamentary constituency also saw unanticipated violence and low or zero voting, adding up to a dismal 7.14 per cent.

According to the Election Commission of India, there were 200 incidents of stone pelting, in which 100 security personnel and 70 civilians were injured in the entire constituency, comprising three districts: Srinagar, Budgam and Ganderbal. One person was killed in Ganderbal.

But Budgam district was the epicentre of the violence. Aside from the two deaths in Dalwan, three people were killed in Birwah, two in Chadoora.

Budgam is bracing for possible violence tomorrow as well since all 38 polling stations in which repoll is going to be held are here — in 12 villages of Chadoora; five villages in Birwah; seven in Charar-e-Sharif; seven in Budgam; and one in Khansab. And Kashmir is bracing for another day of violence on Thursday.

Budgam’s explosion caught security forces by surprise. Police officials said precautions were not taken because the scale and intensity of the violence was unanticipated.

The influence of the Hurriyat or religious groups like the Jamat-e-Islami is minimal in the district. Although Syed Salahuddin is from Soibugh village near Budgam town, even militant groups like Hizbul Mujahideen lost traction here after the first phase of militancy waned. Indeed, since the late 1990s, the district is known as a “voting belt” and is even sometimes described as the “gaddar” district for its aloofness from separatism.

One obvious reason being cited for the violence and the low polling is the March 28 encounter in Chadoora in which three civilians were killed.

“There had never been an incident like that before in the area. It had great impact, people are angry,” said a police official who did not wish to be named.

In Sogam village of Chadoora, at the home of Mohammed Amin Manzoor, a 12-year-old boy who was also killed on April 9, well after voting had ended, his friends and families talked of the “betrayal of politicians”.

“In 2014, we voted just because they told us they will solve the K problem. They have done nothing about that. They are not talking to anyone, not to Kashmiris, not to Pakistan, instead they are killing Kashmiris,” said one 24-year-old who said he was studying for the Civil Services exams.

Anger has also built up over the absence of governance, obvious everywhere in Kashmir, and especially in the poor shape of the roads.

“Leave alone solving the Kashmir problem, they have not even managed to repair this road,” said a 28-year-old government employee, pointing at the potholed track that leads into the village.

“We have lost faith in elections. But we want elections to be held, so that we can boycott it every time and show to the world what Indian democracy is. What is this democracy in which we don’t have any democratic rights,” said a third-year MBBS student.

It was the same angry reaction in Dalwan. The policeman father of the 17-year-old who was killed said he knew the system very well and expected little justice.

“Only my SP called to condole with me, but no politician has bothered,” said Fateh Mohammed.

“Now we don’t want water, roads or anything from any government or politician. We can make our own roads. We just want azadi,” said Faizan’s father, pointing out how the local MLA had not visited once after winning the election.

The PDP’s alliance with the BJP is also a red rag. But the police official also pointed to other less obvious reasons for the April 9 violence.

A resident, who also did not wish to be identified, said it was not just Chadoora, but all of Budgam that came under pressure to “do something” as it had remained peaceful for an entire month from the time of Burhan Wani’s killing.

“When Burhan Wani was killed, Budgam wanted to show it was with the rest of Kashmir. The first signs of trouble began then,” the Chadoora resident said.

A more troubling explanation for the violence on polling day, the police official said, was the rivalry between National Conference and PDP in the area. Nazir Khan, the PDP candidate against the National Conference’s Farooq Abdullah in the Srinagar parliamentary bypoll openly blamed the NC.

“They knew I was going to win. I lost to Omar Abdullah by 931 votes in Birwah during the 2014 Assembly elections,” Nazir Khan told The Indian Express. He was a Congress candidate, and joined the PDP only on February 18 this year. He pointed to Farooq Abdullah’s statement days before polling that stone pelters were “fighting for a cause” as a signal to trouble-makers and asked why the Election Commission had not taken note of this “anti-India” statement.

Nazir Khan alleged National Conference had ensured a turnout in its strongholds in Birwah while being behind trouble in other areas. PDP supporters were “so angry” with National Conference for the April 9 incidents, said Nazir Khan, that they would turn out in numbers for the repoll on Thursday.

Both Farooq Abdullah and Omar Abdullah were not available for comment. Nasir Aslam Wani, the provincial president of the National Conference denied the allegation: “Neither our leaders no our workers had any part in this. This is a complete failure of the government.”

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  1. H
    Hedonist
    Apr 13, 2017 at 11:03 am
    Muslims have secessionist tendencies whether in Dagestan/Chechnya in Russia, Ughur in China or Kashmir in India. Everywhere it is muzzled.
    Reply
    1. A
      Arjun
      Apr 13, 2017 at 9:29 am
      What the kashmiris do not realise is that Indian anger is increasing and they do not realise the backlash that will come one day.
      Reply
      1. S
        School Bus
        Apr 13, 2017 at 9:17 am
        No mercy to be shown to these Muslim terrorists and their sympathizers. Security forces must aim to kill. No need to show restraint when these traitors dare to insult our security forces.
        Reply
        1. H
          hameed mohamed
          Apr 13, 2017 at 8:55 am
          surprisingly all most all small protest is also being treated with firing why and the intention is to kill not to breakdown the protest no leg injury only they aim to kill
          Reply
          1. L
            Lakshmi
            Apr 13, 2017 at 8:52 am
            ' Innocent' stone pelters were only throwing throwing 'small stones'. Stones thrown were like 'flowers'. This is IE writer's observations. What I feel is security forces treat the stone pelters as enemies and use live guns to dispese them. Security forces are also human beings. Ordinary people are with security forces
            Reply
            1. A
              Against Sick
              Apr 13, 2017 at 8:50 am
              IE and such leftist media dens must realise the anger that is brewing within Indian m es against their consistent anti-India stand and reporting. Did IE ever write articles about Indian security forces? Did IE write anything about recent incidence of CRPF man being attacked by Kashmiri youth. Time to make leftist propa a machines like IE to fall in line
              Reply
              1. N
                Naren
                Apr 13, 2017 at 9:39 am
                Yes there are news about Armed forces in Chhattisgarh, North- East region. But that never got your attention. C SPA should be repealed for PEACE !
                Reply
              2. R
                Ram
                Apr 13, 2017 at 8:34 am
                Time for BJP government to give absolute freedom/right for teh security forces for self protection as well as to deal with islamists using whatever weapons are needed including helicopter gunships and artillery guns. Treat stone pelters same as terrorists/enemy soldiers and deal with them. Any politician/media objecting to such defence of national security should be charged with treason with possibility of death penalty with no further investigation/probe.
                Reply
                1. A
                  Atul
                  Apr 13, 2017 at 10:05 am
                  That free reign is precisely the problem. The rights of Kashmiris is the real question. The Indian and stani establishments have made Kashmir a bone
                  Reply
                2. R
                  Ram
                  Apr 13, 2017 at 8:29 am
                  PDP alliance with BJP to rule J&K is 'red rag' that is what seculars propagate. The underlining thing all these seculars as well as islamist congress-NC politicians say is Hindu's of Jammu should have no say in governance even if BJP is the party of maximum votes, almost all Hindus gave it mandate in Jammu. Why so called 'seculars' want to supress Hindus of J&K although they have huge stake in that state and are in big majority in Jammu and other sanatana dharma Buddhist sin Ladak, and almost all Hindu/Sikhs jave been made to leave Kashmir with the threats of killings, conversions and ra.p.e by islamists with tactical backing of NC,Congress and other parties? Why a muslim vote in Kashmir even less in nembers should dominate over Hindu votes of Jammu?
                  Reply
                  1. N
                    Niladrinath Mohanty
                    Apr 13, 2017 at 8:05 am
                    Faizan's answer- 'He wished that people of free India should be fearless, truthful, oriud if their culture and loving'. I could not have written better. I mourn his untimely death.
                    Reply
                    1. S
                      School Bus
                      Apr 13, 2017 at 9:23 am
                      It wasn't he who wrote this. He believed in just opposite theory. That is the reason he went for stone pelting and rightly killed. His book says so and due to fear of exams. he was forced to mug up. No need to waste tears and prayers for traitors.
                      Reply
                    2. S
                      s
                      Apr 13, 2017 at 7:32 am
                      Who is this Nirupama Subramaniam to commisserate with the so called victims of Budgam. To say that the victims were innocent and were returning from wherever and waited to watch the tamasha but got killed it would appear as if all security personnel are s and fire off l indiscriminately like Diwali crackers. There is ample evidence on video to show how security personnel behave under grave provovation by the valley people . Bodily aults , abuses and heckling and attempts to snatch rifles and ammunittion. It is indicative of the restraint shown by security that when hundreds of stone throwers emcircle soldiers only handful of them are killed.
                      Reply
                      1. V
                        vnksk
                        Apr 13, 2017 at 7:12 am
                        As usual rotten reporting by IE. Anti national media is sympathetic to pattharwaz. IE also must be getting money like stone pelters.
                        Reply
                        1. M
                          Mohammad Dar
                          Apr 13, 2017 at 7:47 am
                          angry to see hindu ugly face of hinduism terrorism by faith of hindus of hindrastan, called india.
                          Reply
                          1. I
                            IslamForFoools
                            Apr 13, 2017 at 9:05 am
                            Tere Allah k muh me daru aur pork, thus thus k bharu
                            1. R
                              Rahul
                              Apr 13, 2017 at 9:10 am
                              You and your lot totally deserve the bullets you get. That is the only way to get rid of vermin. Pest control, essentially.
                          2. I
                            IslamForFoools
                            Apr 13, 2017 at 6:41 am
                            Hope army and govt gets much more tough on musselmani jihadi Kashmiri terrorist like this dead landa. In my opinion govt and army are too soft on Kashmiri landa terrorists and soft even with stan, our navy saved 2 stani naval officers from drowning in ocean when those officers were chasing and capturing our Indian poor fishermen. This shows weak mindset of our army and govt. they trying to keep image and bending in front of landa musselman terrorists. Sham eon army and govt for being too soft
                            Reply
                            1. I
                              IslamForFoools
                              Apr 13, 2017 at 6:38 am
                              Bhadwa Allah usse 72 virgins de dega, don't worry author, stop glorifying musselmani kuran terrorism. Fck you editor, shame on your mother who had secs and gave birth to filth like you.
                              Reply
                              1. T
                                Tushar
                                Apr 13, 2017 at 7:07 am
                                U must be one who was found n drainage by some orphanage care taker .. When u were thrown in to it after ur birth as it's an out come of ill icit relation between ur mom Nd some Muslim guy
                                Reply
                                1. I
                                  IslamForFoools
                                  Apr 13, 2017 at 7:23 am
                                  You must be some one whose mother and father had gang bang secs in group as recommended in kuran and Hadith sura 9:23, and then you got out of one of the woman or hijada man , who knows, Allah is pimp he can do any thing, he recommends bang secs, definitely Allah is director
                                  1. M
                                    Mohammad Dar
                                    Apr 13, 2017 at 7:50 am
                                    IslamForFoools mind set of a child of holy tradition of hindrance to truth hinduism immorality , called in cest, in following of hindu rap ist of his baby sister Ram, to promote hinduism racism , as a faith by example.
                                    1. R
                                      Rajesh Kumar
                                      Apr 13, 2017 at 8:43 am
                                      Talaq talaq talaq. Isis jud jem al qida
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