Kaziranga film: BBC banned for 5 years from all national parks, sanctuaries

The documentary explored what it called the “dark secrets” of Kaziranga and asked if the war on poaching has gone too far.

Written by Jay Mazoomdaar | New Delhi | Published:April 15, 2017 4:34 am
BBC banned from India, india bans BBC, Kaziranga national park, Kaziranga BBC, BBC national park, BBC documentary Kaziranga, Justin Rowlatt, India news, Indian Express A young one-horned rhino trying to rise above water on the National Highway from the flooded grassland in Kothari village near Kaziranga National Park in Nagaon district of Assam. (PTI Photo, representational)

THE GOVERNMENT has prohibited the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) from filming in India’s national parks and wildlife sanctuaries for “irreparable damage done to India’s reputation”. Imposed with “immediate effect” on April 10, the five-year ban applies to filming for BBC documentaries and news reports.

As first reported by The Indian Express on February 15, the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) had in a showcause notice issued two days earlier criticised the BBC for “grossly erroneous” reporting and recommended the blacklisting of the BBC’s South Asia correspondent Justin Rowlatt for a documentary that highlighted the government’s “ruthless anti-poaching strategy” for the Kaziranga tiger reserve in Assam.

On February 27, the NTCA issued a memorandum, asking the chief wildlife wardens of all tiger-range states and field directors of tiger reserves not to grant filming permission to the BBC for five years.

The ministry’s April 10 order upholds and extends the ban from tiger reserves to all national parks and sanctuaries.

The latest order refers to the NTCA’s communication on February 27, regarding the “violation of terms and conditions of filming documentary by the BBC News, South Asia Bureau, New Delhi”.

It further states that the ministry “examined the matter” and found that the BBC “projected a negative, malicious and sensational portrayal of India’s conservation success story at Kaziranga Tiger Reserve”; “deviated from the original script submitted to the Ministry of External Affairs and NTCA”; and, did “irreparable damage. to India’s reputation. by telecasting the film worldwide”.

When contacted, a BBC spokesperson said: “The authorities’ reaction to this report on an important global issue like the appropriate way to combat poaching is extremely disappointing. The programme was balanced, impartial and accurately reported what we found on arrival. It covered both the successes achieved through India’s conservation policies and the challenges, which includes the impact on communities living next to the parks. We approached the relevant government authorities to ensure their position was fully reflected but they declined to take part.”

The spokesperson said that Rowlatt’s “original online story is still available on the BBC website as is the radio version of the documentary”.

According to sources in the ministry, at least four filming applications by BBC and its Natural History Unit (NHU) have been rejected by the ministry since March.

Aired in February, the documentary by Rowlatt explored what it called the “dark secrets” of Kaziranga and asked if the war on poaching has gone too far. It claimed that forest guards were given powers “to shoot and kill”.

The result, claimed the film, was that more people were killed by forest guards than rhinos by poachers: 23 people lost their lives compared to just 17 rhinos last year. In a BBC article introducing the film, Rowlatt also claimed that only two intruders were prosecuted while 50 were shot dead since 2014.

The film questioned the Kaziranga authority’s justification that the forest guards had engaged with heavily armed poachers. “Just one park guard has been killed by poachers in the past 20 years compared with 106 people shot dead by guards over the same period,” it claimed.

In July 2010, the Assam government offered immunity to Kaziranga forest staff under section 197(2) of the CrPC, 1973: “Only if it is held by an Executive Magistrate through an enquiry that use of firearms have been unnecessary, unwarranted and excessive and such report has been examined and accepted by the Government, then alone any proceeding including institution of a criminal case of any nature or affecting an arrest can be initiated by police.”

In the 11 years before this notification, between 2000 and 2010, 17 poachers were shot dead inside Kaziranga while 68 rhinos were killed. Since the notification, between 2011 and 2016, the number of poachers killed jumped to 59 and the number of rhinos poached to 103.

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    José Truda Palazzo Jr.
    Apr 24, 2017 at 6:13 pm
    I FULLY SUPPORT a shoot-and-kill policy against poachers in Parks and think the BBC "fake-umentary" of highligjhnting poachers´deaths instead of the conservation success of a stringent anti-poaching policy is nothing short of de able. BBC reporting in Brazil has of recent years being turned into a kind of leftist propa a machine, and I wonder whether that kind of ideological bias has seeped into its once-serious Nature do entary units. Congratulations to Indian authorities for upholding the anti-poaching policy in the face of criticism by foreigners who hace no idea of the importance of this work for the planet!
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      Vasko Avukatov
      Apr 21, 2017 at 3:08 pm
      Unarmed wardens rampant poaching. Examples all over the world...
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        Vivek Agarwal
        Apr 18, 2017 at 12:54 am
        Even though I haven't seen the do entary like most people commenting here, there does seem an apathy on BBC's part towards the guards and the wildlife of Kaziranga in negatively highlighting the stringent measures against poachers. Is the newsgroup suggesting that forest guards in India should be an unarmed dispensable unit to be used as fallible/ineffective human shield protecting our biodiversity against heavily armed hunters? Or do they ume that a critically endangered animal has little or no right against a human inclined upon taking its hide? They have themselves reported a higher number of rhino deaths over their hunters in the last 15 years, and this despite the armed measures. Imagine the fate of the almost extinct creature without such an aid. The only reason they could show this policy in a less than appropriate light is if they have evidence of its misuse against innocent civilians, sans which they have done a disservice to our trust and are deserving of the ban.
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          Rajkumar N
          Apr 16, 2017 at 10:36 am
          Unless you're in Urban areas your life hold no value particularaly in jungle you can be killed​ arbitrarily by security forces and canbe stamped as pocher,redsander smuggler,naxalite,or maoist they just required you to be defenceless and you're finished. Just​ wander around in other areas you could be in jail for wandering with criminal indent dia is safe for Vocal groups and influenced gangs.we survive in nos exactly like wilderbeasts. You'll be saved by God's grace rather than Indian law.
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            Deep
            Apr 16, 2017 at 2:07 am
            BBC need not preach us how to protect our wildlife. BBC is not aware that Rhinoceros Unicornis is the pride of am and the w world. Each and every Rhino poacher working at the behest of the Chinese & Vietnamese should be mercilessly annihilated. Long live Indian Rhino's in the hands of our brave and determined forest protectors!!!
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              Dev
              Apr 15, 2017 at 9:47 pm
              "poachers killed jumped to 59 and the number of rhinos poached to 103." I wish the numbers were reversed, and it's always better to kill any poachers then give them any chance to kill an innocent animal.
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                Andy
                Apr 15, 2017 at 9:23 pm
                Kaziranga's facts are hardly true... While the poachers are laden with AK47 rifles, the poor forest guards are still with outdated weapons. In NE, the guards are more vulnerable, and sometimes even poachers outnumber guards and threaten them. Poaching do need to dealt with aggressive hands especially when China is near to give a ready market for this banned items...
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                  Andy
                  Apr 15, 2017 at 9:26 pm
                  Poaching is impossible without help of local people...
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                    R Bate
                    Apr 17, 2017 at 4:39 am
                    It's also impossible without the collusion of corrupt wildlife officers and forest guards... s: www.telegraphindia /1160503/jsp/frontpage/story_83523.jsp#.WPP5Uo61tXj If you want to really stop poaching, look further up the food chain.
                  2. R
                    R Bate
                    Apr 17, 2017 at 4:35 am
                    Don't believe the propa a: It's not true that poachers are laden with AK47 rifles – only a single (yes, that's right, one!) AK47 has been found within Kaziranga National Park in the last TEN years.
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                      R Bate
                      Apr 17, 2017 at 4:36 am
                      propa a
                  3. Z
                    Zakir Husaien
                    Apr 15, 2017 at 8:23 pm
                    I've been contantly veiwing the do entaries telecasted by BBC. The do entaries are based on facts not on figures only. About Kazuranga they said the exact things going on. We're trying to defend ourselves by banning them from our countries' parks and whatsoever! We are trying to hide the actual facts they knew very firmly! As for new govt. in power what they are doing except demolishing the village people surrounding Kaziranga, many of these people heartly love the jungle not like the Government officials and the powerfull politicians who keeps bene ing from the Kaziranga and sanctuaries wrong ways. Why still the rhinos are killed? Why innocents are suffering? who will answer these?
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                      Angelica Ibbotson
                      Apr 15, 2017 at 7:51 pm
                      The do entary raised legitimate concerns. It based its figures on the number of people killed, in the name of conservation, on those given by the Park's Director, who is interviewed in the film. How is this biased reporting? Instead of shooting the messenger the Indian government should have ordered an independent investigation into the extremely serious questions raised. Surely it's the government's over- reaction to this do entary that is really bringing “irreparable damage to India’s re tion,” not the BBC exposing some unpalatable truths.
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                        Dudden Hall
                        Apr 15, 2017 at 7:00 pm
                        The war on poaching can never go too far, only not far enough.
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                          Ravishankar Balasubramanian
                          Apr 15, 2017 at 8:30 am
                          An argument needs to be first argued & proved wrong in a court of law with both sides presenting their stories. Suspend the program until them. Poaching is a very serious issue and & needs to be dealt with strong hands more so of the animals threatened by extinction. The govt law is also absurd in terms of complete immunity in terms of prosecution. Even before the charge is proven, punishment has been delivered. having shot the video, BBC, before verifying the facts of the story it published for public consumption in this sensitive case. BBC has a right to question and Govt has a duty to answer & counter question. If we are not allowing a dialogue, then independence of media is threatened & we become a dictatorial state.
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                            Niladrinath Mohanty
                            Apr 15, 2017 at 8:15 am
                            Tiger and rhino po tion have not grown like humans. BBC should understand this primary fact.
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                            1. S
                              School Bus
                              Apr 15, 2017 at 7:27 am
                              Very innocently BBC states that the forest authorities declined to say anything. In other words it is a one sided story to create hatred against the forest guards, who are doing a good job. BBC has deviated from the script submitted to the Ministry, itself indicates the hidden agenda of the filmmaker. This agenda is to tarnish India's image on the international platform through so called human rights violations. This is done by showing half truth, which is more dangerous than a complete lie. Government has taken a right step in countries interest. Ministry needed to be prepared for more such attempts by other media houses.
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                                Tutu420
                                Apr 15, 2017 at 7:07 am
                                Well, while there was no need to ban BBC, but I support Govt's strict initiative to protect wildlife from poachers. This is the only way out.
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                                  jiban
                                  Apr 15, 2017 at 6:52 am
                                  why should BBC be banned. Because they reported the truith ?
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                                    Zakir Husaien
                                    Apr 15, 2017 at 8:27 pm
                                    Thats the reason. They never lie! Like us Indian.
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                                      Dharmajit Kumar
                                      Apr 15, 2017 at 8:40 pm
                                      Because they changed the content. If they were so truthful why don't they submit same content for approval that they were going to telecast.
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                                    Joe
                                    Apr 15, 2017 at 6:22 am
                                    BBC should be compeltely banned in India indefinitely. All they do is tarnish India's image in their garbage do entaries and news. No other country tolerates such damage to country's image. Many years back sarah, the so-caled dutchess of york secretly made a do entary on orphan children in Turkey. Turkey issued arrest warrant against her. Read more: : news.sky /story/fergie-charged-over-turkish-do entary-10482063. Next time nobody will dare to make such do entaries in Turkey. India has to be more strict with what these foreign journalists film and report.
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                                      Lenin
                                      Apr 15, 2017 at 11:03 am
                                      "All they do is tarnish India's image in their garbage do entaries and news" Have you seen BBC's Planet Earth 2? They have only positive things to talk about how animals and humans live in harmony in places like Jaipur.
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                                      Joe
                                      Apr 15, 2017 at 6:16 am
                                      BBC should be compeltely banned in India indefinitely. All they do is tarnish India's image in their garbage do entaries and news. No other country tolerates such damage to country's image.
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                                        Zakir Husaien
                                        Apr 15, 2017 at 8:32 pm
                                        Awake Joe! You are living in a virtual digital India! Please come to Kaziranga and spare some time to be with the people surrounding the jungle or just visit any big tea estate in am (BBC reported on tea estate of am too). You will know how much lie BBC told!
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