A few weeks ago, the CBI unearthed information about a human trafficking racket, and estimated that around 8000 women were transported to Dubai using Delhi as a transit point. More recently, there were reports about a man who trafficked 5000 tribal kids from the remotest areas of Jharkhand.
Such cases highlight the ever growing problem of human trafficking in India. As per data from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of registered human trafficking cases has increased by 38.3% over five years from 2,848 in 2009 to 3,940 in 2013. The conviction rate for such cases has declined 45%, from 1,279 in 2009 to 702 in 2013.
The data further reveals that in 2013, maximum crimes (65.5%) were registered under the Immoral Traffic Prevention Act 1956 whereas Procuration of Minor Girls (Sec 366-A) accounted for 31.1% of the crimes.
Looking at the crime trends over the past five years presents an extremely worrying picture. It discloses that the cases under Sec 366-A have surged dramatically by 416% over five years, from 237 in 2009 to 1224 in 2013, which means that minor girls are becoming increasingly vulnerable.
West Bengal is the hub of human trafficking in India. It had the maximum human trafficking cases (669) amongst all states in India in 2013, followed by Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
Clearly, human trafficking is increasing enormously day by day. More worrying is the fact that minor girls are being trafficked increasingly. India needs to urgently strengthen its laws to protect its girls.