Nuclear talks: Russia offers India a role in new n-plants

Russia has also offered to build over 20 nuclear power units in India, up from the 12 offered earlier.

Written by Anil Sasi | Ufa (russia) | Published:July 13, 2015 5:56 am
india russia nuclear talks, nuclear talks india russia, russia nuclear power stations, india russia nuclear project, india nuclear power plants, nuclear power plants, india, russia, india news, nation news PM Narendra Modi with Russian President Vladimir Putin at Ufa. (File photo)

Russia has proposed a plan to involve India in building Russian-designed nuclear power stations in third countries. The cooperation is to be extended to the area of joint extraction of natural uranium and the production of nuclear fuel and atomic waste elimination. Russia has also offered to build over 20 nuclear power units in India, up from the 12 offered earlier.

The Russian proposal to jointly build nuclear power plants is significant, considering that Rosatom — the State-owned Russian nuclear utility — has 29 nuclear reactors in various stages of planning and construction in more than a dozen countries (the largest internationally). These include in Jordan, Hungary, Egypt, Iran, Finland, Turkey and Argentina.

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The new proposals, offered by the Russians as a plank to build on their head-start in the Indian nuclear market, is expected to lay the foundation for what is being termed by Moscow as “long-term, mutually beneficial cooperation in the nuclear sector”, an official involved in the delegation-level talks between the two sides in the Russian city of Ufa said.

The Russian proposal builds on a package of inter-governmental and inter-departmental documents signed on the sidelines of President Vladimir Putin’s visit to India late last year, as part of a ‘strategic vision for strengthening Indian-Russian cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear power’.

Last week, India and Russia had reviewed their bilateral relations as Prime Minister Narendra Modi met Putin for a 90-minute interaction at Ufa, ahead of the BRICS Summit in the central Russian city.

The nuclear cooperation includes building on negotiations to sign an advance contract for the design of the third and fourth reactor units to come up at the Kudankulam site in Tamil Nadu.

Russia, in accordance with an inter-governmental agreement of 1988 and a supplement to it signed in 1998, is building the Kudankulam nuclear power project, the first 1,000 MWe (mega watt electric) unit of which was connected to the national grid in 2013. It is now operating under the one-year warranty maintenance period, which will last until the end of 2015. A second identical reactor is ready for commissioning.

Last year, the Russian Federation and India had signed a general framework agreement on the construction of the second phase (the third and fourth power units) of the nuclear power plant.

The biggest challenge for the new set of VVER reactors to be set up with Russian assistance is the costing aspect, particularly given the question marks raised by vendors on the uncertainties surrounding the Indian domestic nuclear liability law. The two new Russian-design VVER-1000 reactor units (KKNPP 3 & 4) to be set up in Tamil Nadu, which would come up at the Kudankulam site where two identical units (KKNPP 1 & 2) are nearing commissioning, entail a sanctioned project cost of Rs 39,849 crore. This would translate into a cost of nearly Rs 20 crore per MWe (mega watt electric) as against the established benchmark of project cost of Rs 7-10 crore per MWe for existing nuclear projects, based largely on the indigenous PHWR (pressurised heavy water reactor) technology.

An official on the Indian side said that cost estimates are being fixed keeping the Russian ruble as the currency peg, something that should be to the advantage of India considering the sharp depreciation of the ruble against major currencies ever since the Ukraine-related international sanctions were slapped against Russia.

The first set of Russian VVER reactor-based projects set up in the country at Kudankulam — KKNPP 1 & 2 — had a sanctioned cost of Rs 17,270 crore, which is up for revision currently.

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  1. A
    Arvind Baba
    Jul 13, 2015 at 4:45 pm
    Considering that management of nuclear power plants operating on Russian territory follows the rules and safety standards that were applied when first put into service—in some cases a few decades ago—none of these nuclear plants can at present fully meet modern safety requirements. Also, Russia’s dismal record in coping with nuclear accidents means that another Chernobyl-like accident is not a far-fetched scenario.
    Reply
    1. A
      Anil Kumar
      Jul 13, 2015 at 4:38 pm
      Nuclear technology is favorable but excessive and unnecessary construction of nuclear plants is dangerous. Considering the unstable history of Indian nuclear program like close calls based on miscalculations and misperceptions and accidental near misses, the nuclear plants has left a trail of grave environmental damage. There is also a significant economic cost.
      Reply
      1. S
        Sajal Liza
        Jul 13, 2015 at 12:24 pm
        Quite ironic that India’s nuclear obsession is open to the w world and that is why Russia made this invitation. How can Indian Modi Government overlook all the anti-nuclear campaigns which are in demonstration from longer period of time. They are those very residents where nuclear power plants are buildings. India is unable to give satisfactory answer to its protestors regarding the nuclear security parameters. India is simply stuffing itself with nuclear and doesn’t care about the security at all which is equally dangerous for all of us.
        Reply
        1. G
          Genius12
          Jul 13, 2015 at 7:01 am
          Putin is Indias good friend and the strategic partnership between Russia and India can keep the territorial ambitions of stan and China on the sovereign pacifist democratic nation of India under check and balance. India is the beacon of democracy and tolerance in the world and a the more developed it becomes with help of nuclear power plants from Russia , the better it will be for the w world.
          Reply
          1. S
            Sanjay Bhattacharya
            Jul 13, 2015 at 11:56 am
            With a strong honest leader at the helm of Indian politics, the old equations have changed. Now all countries are coming to please Modi. The world almost forgot India during the 10 years of Sonia-Manmohan rule. Sonia was corrupt to the bone and MMS was mute.
            Reply
            1. S
              SK(US)
              Jul 13, 2015 at 6:13 am
              This is a good development, and shows the confidence in India's capability.
              Reply
              1. E
                Eva
                Jul 13, 2015 at 11:28 am
                Before making any progress regarding the nuclear cooperation between India and Russia, there are certain questions which need to be pondered about. First what about the global non proliferation norms regarding the nuclear cooperation between the two states. Indian illicit nuclear trade networks already are spreading the nuclear supplies and being a non-signed nuclear NPT state should it be given the privileges? What about the Indian liability law due to which 123 agreement is still hanging and no progress is seen since last 7 years.
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                1. v
                  varghese.al
                  Jul 13, 2015 at 11:52 am
                  why we are behind atomic power? are we really behind something else? my genuine doubt is on the rate front. here establishment cost for nuclear power generation is worked out to be Rs.2lakh per kW. on quarter of this rate solar power system is established commercially. please explore the project in Cochin international airport. why we need such huge investment on such hazardous & risky system.
                  Reply
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