As it gets down to business, one of the first few things Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Cabinet will be faced with with is the legislative responsibility it has got saddled with in the form of 60 Bills currently pending in the Rajya Sabha.
While the Modi cabinet will have to decide if it wants to take forward the pending legislations, it will also have to take a call on whether to restart the process of introducing the 68 Bills that have lapsed in the Lok Sabha.
As per data compiled by the PRS Legislative Research, 18 of these 60 Bills were introduced before 2009. With 11 Bills pending, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare tops with the highest number of Bills pending. These include The Mental Health Care Bill, 2013, The Indian Medical Council (Amendment) Bill, 2013, The Drugs and Cosmetics (Amendment) Bill, 2013, The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention And Control) Bill, 2014.
With eight Bills pending, the Ministry of Law and Justice is the next with most Bills pending. These includes Bills like the Judicial Appointments Commission Bill, 2013 and the Readjustment of Representation of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies (3rd) Bill, 2013.
At seven, the Ministry of Labour and Employment has the third-highest number of Bills pending. Some of these pending Bills are the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act, 2012, the Building and Other Construction Workers Related Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2013 and the Mines (Amendment) Bill, 2011.
The 15th Lok Sabha had 68 Bills pending which will now lapse with its dissolution. Of these 68 Bills that are lapsing, the highest are in the Ministry of Finance (11 Bills). These include the Direct Taxes Code Bill, 2010, the Benami Transactions (Prohibition) Bill, 2011, the Public Procurement Bill, 2012 and the Micro Finance Institutions (Development and Regulation) Bill, 2012.
The second highest number of lapsing Bills is in the Ministry of Human Resource Development (10 Bills), which includes the Educational Tribunals Bill, 2010, the Foreign Educational Institutions (Regulation of Entry and Operations) Bill, 2010, the National Accreditation Regulatory Authority for Higher Educational Institutions Bill, 2010, and The Universities for Research and Innovation Bill, 2012, the PRS Legislative Research data has revealed.
The data further states that the third highest number of lapsing Bills is in the Ministry of Law and Justice (7 Bills), which includes the Women’s Reservation Bill, the Marriage Laws (Amendment) Bill, 2010 and the Judicial Standards and Accountability Bill, 2010.