LoC part 2: Stand vigil in slush-filled shoes, leaky jackets

Imagine a soldier on the LoC, and more likely than not television images of the Siachen glacier will kick in.

Written by Praveen Swami | Khanabal Post | Updated: September 3, 2014 7:54 am
Passing the time, playing chess inside the soldiers’ tent at Khanabal Post, during a break in patrolling. Source: Praveen swami Passing the time, playing chess inside the soldiers’ tent at Khanabal Post, during a break in patrolling. (Source: Express photo by Praveen Swami)

The call came through late one February evening, on the shouting-volume-only wireless phone that links a tiny patch of land just above the mess tent to the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited network, and through it, to India.

Amit Bhatkande’s father had died — and the young soldier was needed at home in Kolhapur. For his boss, Subedar Dattasahib Patil, this wasn’t bad news: infiltration through the northern reaches of the Line of Control (LoC) falls to nothing in the winter, and one soldier on leave is one man fewer to keep warm.

Also Read: ‘Pak infiltrators out there somewhere in the forest…waiting, just like us’

Patil’s problem was different: to get Bhatkande back home meant despatching dozens of his comrades on a journey that might have led them straight to their own funeral pyres.

Imagine a soldier on the LoC, and more likely than not television images of the Siachen glacier will kick in: soldiers kitted out in state-of-the-art ski boots and imported clothes that keep out minus 50º winds. The men who guard the defensive wall along the LoC, though, are fighting a less sexy war — one about which India just doesn’t seem to care.

“I loved my time on Siachen,” says Subedar Patil. “The first thing I did before I came here was buy myself a pair of decent shoes from the market, and a good jacket.”


Earlier this month, just after the troops at Khanabal Post had finished repairing the giant stretches of LoC fencing brought down by winter avalanches, they set to work preparing for the most important winter challenge: staying alive. Each company needs 30,000 litres of kerosene to survive the winter, hauled up the mountain by porters and ponies, one 10-litre can at a time. Food and ammunition have to be hoarded, enough to last for the six months that posts in the northern LoC have been known to be cut off.

The second-most important job is making sure that those who need to get out, can do so — and at 16,700 feet, with up to 30 feet of snow at minus 25º, that isn’t easy.

Long, thin poles driven into the ground mark the least avalanche-prone routes down the valley to the nearest road a four-wheel drive can struggle over, linking the supply base at Macchel to the headquarters of the 53 Brigade at Zamindar Khan Gali.

“The valley fills up with more than 25 feet of snow,” Patil says, “so we tie ropes from one pole to the other to mark the way. It takes at least 10 men, with avalanche rods and spades, five hours to beat a path through the snow to get to Katwar, down the valley. Then, the post there takes over. It takes them another five hours to Dapal — and a third party then takes five more hours to Dudhi. Finally, the party at Dudhi marches the last stretch, to Macchel”.

Naik Srikrishna Chavan says the Army is very good at getting in a helicopter, “even if just one man needs it”. The problem, he says, is the weather. “The clouds only clear perhaps one day in 15 through the winter. Last year, when soldier Fakhruddin Patil fell ill, he had to be hauled to the helipad, an hour from his post, every day for 12 days — only to hear the helicopter come, and go back without being able to land.”

There is no reliable phone link from the Khanabal Post to the soldiers’ homes and, for that, most soldiers seem grateful. “I heard about this guy who committed suicide this winter because his wife and mother were calling him threatening to file police cases against each other, and he was stuck at the post unable to do anything,” says Patil. “Me, the less news I get, the happier I am. It means all is well.”


The poor kit, though, can’t be wished away. The standard winter snow shoes provided to the troops — which the Army is obliged to procure from public sector providers — fall apart in weeks, several soldiers told The Indian Express. The summer boots aren’t much better, leaking ice-cold slush before they disintegrate. The jackets provided for winter and summer use are waterproof only in theory, and the dank never seems to dry out of the sleeping bags.

“Every man here with any sense spends Rs 850 on their own pair of shoes,” says Chavan. “And another Rs 800 or Rs 1,000 on a decent jacket. Our regiments have some funds of their own, and they help us out whenever possible.”

The problem lies in history — and bureaucracy. In the late 1990s, when the media began to drive public outrage over the awful conditions of troops stationed in Siachen and then Kargil, there were few permanent high-altitude posts on the northern stretches of the LoC in Kashmir. Following the 1999 war, the 8 Mountain Division was given the job of ensuring the Line was manned through the winter — but it never received the kind of equipment that was given to troops in Siachen, Kargil or Drass.

Now, military sources have told The Indian Express, improved kit has been sanctioned for all posts higher than 12,000 feet. But delays at the Ministry of Defence have meant there just isn’t enough equipment. Even troops in the high-altitude Ladakh-based XIV Corps are short of sleeping bags — equipment available off the shelf, but subject to cumbersome import rules.

“I am really proud of what I do,” says Patil, “as is every man here. A decent pair of shoes would be nice, though”.

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  1. B
    Sep 3, 2014 at 7:19 am
    I am less afraid when stanis are firing on boarders because when they are not firing they are planning parliament incident, Kargil and Taj hotel in Bombay.
    1. H
      Sep 3, 2014 at 12:09 am
      So many Indians would be glad to donate sleeping bags to the army. Especially for this unit. You need to post this information on your website.
      1. D
        Duleep Samuel
        Sep 5, 2014 at 9:57 am
        is there an Army Chief and wont he feel that his army need essential, really I am not able to understand
        1. D
          Sep 3, 2014 at 6:31 pm
          Very good article....heart is filled with sadness when I read about poor equipment for winter.......
          1. G
            Sep 3, 2014 at 3:31 am
            It is a shame that in a country where leader spend crores on foreign trips, we can not provide even the basic needs to our brave soldiers. Do we not have any pride left in us?
            1. J
              Jaswinder Singh
              Sep 3, 2014 at 10:38 am
              BJP was in power when Kargil happened and many truth came out about armed forces condition . truth is no party is capable of changing system. Indian Army needs Night vision for each soldiers which give 10 hrs domination and very much bullet proof and many Indian companies can make, will Reliance take such projects obvious it has money in it. We Indian don't recognize this time China is in support of stan and not U.S ( who sells product and that's all). China is very much communist and what there Individual decides will be implement and how they do it, that most don't know, RAW know it but that is not GOI.
              1. J
                Jai Hind
                Sep 3, 2014 at 5:09 am
                What is more important than providing lifesaving kits of warriors fighting at more than 12000 ft?
                1. R
                  Sep 3, 2014 at 3:05 am
                  Weather kills our troops before the enemies can. Hope modiji reads this article to cut the red tape in MOD. One can imagine what an harrowing time soldiers experience posted in mountainous region.
                  1. R
                    Ravi Rana
                    Sep 3, 2014 at 5:17 pm
                    It is not only the civilian bureaucrats sitting in Delhi who are at fault. It is also the Army br who accept such items and p it on to the subordinates. I was in the Army myself and on a few occasions when I refused to accept the sub-standard stuff, I only know the pressures I had to undergo from my superiors, but in the end I and my unit were the ones getting the good stuff and others could only envy us. We as a nation need to stop accepting sub-standard, whether in goods or services and also pay our suppliers in time. It just can't work one way.
                    1. S
                      Sitaram Agarwal
                      Sep 3, 2014 at 4:06 am
                      It is well known fact in defense organization and it appears that the bureaucrats sitting in New Delhi do not appreciate the cirstances under which Indian soldier is able to stand in adverse climate physical conditions. It extremely very bad. The best way would be that civilian staff should be sent on field duty to relieve the soldier. Further, I would suggest that all the staff above soldier should be from army cadre.
                      1. J
                        Sep 3, 2014 at 12:03 am
                        This is just disgusting simple and pure. The poor soldiers dont have basic amineties like sleeping bag and proper winter shoes and proper jackets. Hopefully the BJP and Mr Arun jaitely and Mr Narendra Modi will do something about the poor soldiers. Right from 1947 till now congress, Nehru's, hi's have done nothing but loot the nations wealth. I hope all the wealth will be revealed from the italian, swiss bank accounts. Maybe we should do a fund raising here in Canada and donate some warm winter jackets and winter shoes to the poor indian army.
                        1. U
                          Sep 3, 2014 at 4:35 am
                          A very well written article and not like the usual nonsense that comes up in ToI. Its a shame that our troops have to suffer due to bureaucracy.
                          1. V
                            vijay nambissan
                            Sep 3, 2014 at 6:26 am
                            i hope the powers that are are reading this, how can the babus and the netas be so apathetic? it shud be compulsory for the babus in charge to spend a fortnight at these postings so they get a better understanding of what they have to do..
                            1. W
                              Sep 4, 2014 at 8:12 am
                              Bloody ! If the government cannot provide decent shoes and jackets to these soldiers, they have no right to haul them up the mountain slopes.What is the point in spending millions on weapons, if you do not have the decency to give them suitable gear to work in?The new government must haul all the babus in the Finance and Defence Ministry for a week at least to Siachen and make them complete their tasks before heading back to the comfort of their offices.
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