Indian Diplomat Row: Devyani Khobragade seeks dismissal of visa fraud case against her

Lawyer Arshack said Khobragade's immunity "should have prevented" her arrest, handcuffing, jailing, strip searching and imposition of bail conditions.

By: Press Trust of India | New York | Published:January 15, 2014 10:10 am
Lawyer Arshack said Khobragade's immunity "should have prevented" her arrest, handcuffing, jailing, strip searching and imposition of bail conditions. (PTI) Lawyer Arshack said Khobragade’s immunity “should have prevented” her arrest, handcuffing, jailing, strip searching and imposition of bail conditions. (PTI)

Indian diplomat Devyani Khobragade has asked a court here to dismiss the indictment against her and terminate any “open” arrest warrants in visa fraud case, arguing that she was “cloaked” in diplomatic immunity and cannot face criminal prosecution in the US.

Khobragade’s lawyer Daniel Arshack yesterday filed a memorandum of law on her behalf in the Southern District of New York in support of the motion to dismiss the case and terminate any future legal action against her “on grounds of diplomatic immunity.”
“Dr Khobragade now formally moves this Court to dismiss the instant proceeding, to rescind the conditions of her release, and eliminate her bail conditions as she is immune from criminal prosecution in the United States as she was obligated, by the United States government, to leave the jurisdiction,” Arshack said in the filing.
Arshack is seeking a court order to dismiss the indictment and proceeding against the Indian diplomat, terminate any and all conditions of bail previously imposed by the court during Khobragade’s initial appearance on December 12 and exonerate any bail or bond previously posted on her behalf.
The motion is also seeking termination of any “open arrest warrants” against Khobragade or “requests for extradition” with regard to the case as “they too are nullities since the instant proceeding is subject to dismissal.”
“I make this affirmation in support of Khobragade’s motion to dismiss the instant proceeding as a nullity because
both at the time of her arrest, as well as at the time of her subsequent indictment, defendant was cloaked in diplomatic immunity and has absolute immunity from any criminal prosecution in the United States,” he said.
Arshack is seeking a ruling on the order by Judge Shira Scheindlin on or before January 31.
The office of Manhattan’s top federal prosecutor Preet Bharara, who brought the criminal charges and indictment against Khobragade said they have “no comment at this time” on the motion filed by Arshack.
The filing states that because of Khobragade’s diplomatic status, the court did not have personal jurisdiction over her at the time of her arrest and indictment, but it still has subject matter jurisdiction to rule over her motion to dismiss the case.
Arshack argued that conditions of Khobragade’s post-arrest release and the USD 250,000 bond must be rescinded as those restrictions on 39-year-old diplomat’s liberty do not apply since she is “absolutely immune from criminal prosecution” being a diplomat.
He also sought “prompt return” of Khobragade’s passport.
The motion informed the court that Khobragade had full diplomatic immunity at the time of her December 12 arrest since she had been appointed a Special Advisor to the United Nations in August last year during the Indian Prime Minister’s visit for the UN General Assembly session.
“Obviously, the Government knew when it obtained that indictment that there could be no prosecution of Khobragade since her diplomatic status had already been changed and she was therefore immune from prosecution,” Arshack said adding that it was due to her diplomatic status that Khobragade did not get arraigned on the indictment.
Arshack said Khobragade’s immunity “should have prevented” her arrest, handcuffing, jailing, strip searching and imposition of bail conditions.
“This proceeding has been wrongfully commenced against Khobragade. She should not have been arrested in the first place and she was indicted despite the fact that the government knew that her diplomatic status precluded a prosecution of Khobragade.”
Arshack also cited US State Department’s instructions which provide that law enforcement officials (particularly in New York) should be “sensitive” and coordinate with the US authorities if confronted with a situation where a diplomat appears to have committed a crime.
He said the law enforcement agent from the Diplomatic Security Services who arrested Khobragade “neglected” to follow this instruction and did not call the UN Protocol office.
“Had he only done so he would have been informed of Khobragade’s status and her arrest and humiliating and invasive personal body search would not have occurred.”
According to another State Department instruction cited by Arshack, diplomatic agents also enjoy complete immunity from the criminal jurisdiction of the host country’s courts and cannot be prosecuted no matter how serious the offense unless their immunity is waived by the sending state.
“Here, India, the sending state, has not waived Khobragade’s immunity and therefore this criminal prosecution must be dismissed,” he added. Arshack further argued that the Khobragade’s immunity applies “retroactively” and can “negate a preexisting matter or prosecution.”
“Here, the State Department’s decision to fully grant diplomatic credentials mandates the dismissal of this action in accordance with Article 31 of the VCDR and the Diplomatic Relations Act.
“Obviously, a case was clearly commenced. Despite the fact that no arraignment occurred, Khobragade was arrested, physically searched, processed, brought before the Court, forced to post bail, and abide by conditions of release all in violation of her absolute immunity as a diplomat,” he added.
Arshack also submitted in court a letter dated January 8 2014 from the US Mission to the UN to Khobragade which states that as of 5:47 pm that day, she had been recorded as a counsellor at the Indian Mission to the UN and was entitled to the “privileges and immunities” of a diplomatic envoy.
Another exhibit submitted by him is a January 9 diplomatic note from the US Mission to the UN to India’s Permanent Mission requesting Khobragade to depart the US.

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  1. G
    George
    Jan 19, 2014 at 8:05 pm
    US is already returning food containers back citing excessive pesticide as reason. Things will happen, wait and see.
    Reply
  2. j
    just101
    Jan 15, 2014 at 2:52 pm
    Mr Khobragade should be happy that his daughter escaped sure indictment and sentencing. The case is too strong to escape indictment. No wonder the baby girl ran away taking the immunity escape route. But should he be proud of his daughter violating the rights of a domestic maid as stited in law which is actually is upholding the International Labor Organization mandate? Are we to infer that the US law is retrograde and Papa and baby girl are the only ones right in the episode? It is difficult for any right thinking person to agree with the papa and the baby girl! A true proud Indian who upholds the rule of law will have to strain to agree with the theory of Papa Khobra much less support it without pricking his conscience. As stated by a group of American diplomats in an amicus curiae:"In view of longstanding American policy of recognizing our national interest in holding human rights violators accountable, sheltering former foreign(diplomatic/consular) officials behind an impenetrable wall of sovereign (diplomatic) immunity is inappropriate in such cases." The general understanding is that diplomatic status does not in any way give diplomatic agents permission to violate the laws and regulations of the receiving state is what any right thinking person would be forced to conclude. When conflict of interest is dominant, people like Papa Khobra might conclude differently. But then, these are the aberrant views (not the ideal)!
    Reply
  3. A
    Ambedkar
    Jan 16, 2014 at 6:21 am
    The contract was between Sangeeta and Khobragade , made in India and valid under Indian laws . The charade of US law is simply to get a visa , the US knew it . Both Sangeeta and Khobragade knew that the US knew it too. The only case is abuse i.e long working hours and no weekly holidays of really true , Sangeeta should have filed or can file even today a case against Khobragade under Indian laws , in fact there is a case being heard in India at the Delhi high court between the two, so why did Sangeeta not respond ? Why did she and her Family run away ? or were they Kidnapped by the CIA station chief ? Indian courts are no worse than US courts if you are not white and Christian .
    Reply
  4. E
    Ed
    Jan 15, 2014 at 2:39 pm
    When Indians quit gang raping and beating up their own woman and foreign woman then we can think about her case. I the Indian government is going to be high and mighty they should first clean up their country.
    Reply
  5. J
    John Bach
    Jan 15, 2014 at 5:57 am
    Lawyers are Lawyers and most of them all over the world are born imbeciles and this lawyer is no exception! Cloaked in immunity? She is cloaked in all sorts of misdeeds/misdemeanors in India and the US. If she was 'cloaked in diplomatic immunity' at the time of her alleged criminal offenses and at the time of her arrest, then will some one answer why was it necessary for the MEA, GOI to transfer her to the UN permanent mission and provide 'full diplomatic' immunity? If she already had 'full diplomatic immunity', his client and the GOI should have strongly contested the US Attorney's office claim, instead of literally running away from facing the charges head on.
    Reply
  6. M
    M S
    Jan 15, 2014 at 4:52 am
    If she has courage she has to go to US without immunity and fight the case. Sitting in India and fighting the case through proxy any rich person can do.
    Reply
  7. K
    KAmarnathr KR
    Jan 15, 2014 at 8:37 am
    Break the law and, demand not to be charged. That is the Indian ruling elite for you.Their non-sense works perfectly well in India.Please USA, do not drop the charges.These ruling elite have inflicted untold miseries to the common people of India. Do not let them do that to you.
    Reply
  8. M
    Mohammed Khader
    Jan 15, 2014 at 2:26 pm
    She should have been in jail for lying the moment she landed in Delhi, it is shame that Indian government is backing a liar.
    Reply
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