India in numbers: Why Modi said ‘Make in India’ on August 15

INTERACTIVE: Data shows Congress has done better in manufacturing, even Gujarat not a great role model.

By: Express News Service | New Delhi | Updated: August 21, 2014 5:49 pm
Prime Minister Narendra Modi The sluggish growth of our manufacturing sector has always put us at the mercy of imports. Can Modi reduce imports and increase exports? (Source: IE)

On August 15, 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, in his maiden Independence Day speech, appealed to companies around the world to ‘Come, make in India’. From the ramparts of the Red Fort, Modi’s voice boomed from the lectern, urging world powers to ‘Come, manufacture in India’. “Sell in any country of the world but manufacture here. We have got skill, talent, discipline, and determination to do something.

But when Prime Minister Narendra Modi extended the open invitation to the world to come and manufacture in India, he was trying to fix a problem we has overlooked for many years. The sluggish growth of our manufacturing sector has always put us at the mercy of imports.

But how bad is the situation? Well, between 2004 and 2011 manufacturing hit a sweet spot, registering annual growth of around 7.25 per cent. However, during the same period imports grew by an average of 23.75 per cent. The corresponding growth in exports was 21.25 per cent.

 

 

But the widening gap, rather imbalance, between exports and imports has been on a steady rise.

Despite Narendra Modi’s rousing speech, Gujarat, a state he had ruled for 14 years, saw little growth in manufacturing jobs. According to the data provided by Jigyasa, between 1998 and 2011, Gujarat saw 5.15% growth in this sector. States like Punjab, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir have higher growth rates in comparison to Gujarat.

 

 

For a detailed analysis of how the parties contributed to manufacturing in the state, check out the visualisation here.

A head-to-head comparison of the Indian National Congress and the BJP in the states, show the former faring marginally better. But this also because it is ruling two Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand which has emerged as manufacturing hubs in recent years. The data is taken from the states both parties have ruled together for a combined 36 years.

 

Overall, INC averages 8.9% while BJP scores a 8.4% but we know it is not a good indicator of what is really happening on the ground.

Anyway, BJP’s past performance is in sharp contrast to Modi’s focus on creating manufacturing jobs. Under BJP rule (1999-2003), imports grew by 3% on average and exports grew by 4% on average. And manufacturing jobs increased by 1% on average.

In comparison, during Congress rule (2004-2011), imports grew by 24% on average and exports grew by 21% on average. And manufacturing jobs increased by 7% on average.

 

So Modi has a good reason to improve the NDA’s performance in the manufacturing sector. The next five years should shed more light on how he will achieve this ambitious task.

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The Indian Express has partnered Swaniti Initiative for a regular DATA series called India In Numbers.

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  1. R
    Ripple
    Aug 21, 2014 at 7:21 pm
    "Data shows Congress has done better in manufacturing, even Gujarat not a great role model": LOL. A biased article.
    Reply
    1. A
      Ashish Jain
      Aug 21, 2014 at 12:42 pm
      This analyst forgets that India still is an economy where Government decides the example that he is drawing from he fails to see it was Congress which was doing all this only in its own state and was acting in the most absurd way in states which didn't have Congress Government.
      Reply
      1. J
        Joby Joseph
        Aug 21, 2014 at 3:04 pm
        All this does not matter. Who is more masculine (may be a big chest also)?
        Reply
        1. B
          Bharat Bhalla
          Aug 22, 2014 at 12:14 pm
          When comparing growth data between states it is important to compare the development level of a particular state to another for e.g. factors like a state may have had a 10-30 year head start of industrialization over a state that started industrialization much later, Level of education, level of infrastructure, political stability etc. A backward state may show a higher level of growth compared to a more developed state if the state Govt. injects fresh capital and developmental schemes for industrialization, infrastructure, agriculture etc.
          Reply
          1. J
            Javed
            Aug 21, 2014 at 12:48 pm
            rubbish
            Reply
            1. K
              kris kumar
              Aug 21, 2014 at 3:24 pm
              Corrupt Congress only looked after and financed states ruled by UPA and its supporters. All non UPA ruled states were left either to beg or suffer.
              Reply
              1. H
                Happy
                Aug 21, 2014 at 4:34 pm
                This report is full of garbage. Does not give w picture except make good for Congress. MFG increase in Congress rule was due to previous NDA rule policy.
                Reply
                1. N
                  naidu kare
                  Aug 22, 2014 at 12:16 pm
                  It is merely to make use of the cheap labor and cheap productivity costs that the foreign entrepreneurs go to other countries to manufacture their goods. They bring their technology and their own raw materials including packaging stuff. All they want to low production costs.
                  Reply
                  1. N
                    narpinderpal Singh
                    Aug 21, 2014 at 10:04 pm
                    Modi is photocopying dr singh policies.only difference is that dr singh has not required numbers in parliament. What bjp has given any new agenda to nation.there are lot of rss agents not miss opportunity to write their racist comments on media.
                    Reply
                    1. A
                      Akash Kumar
                      Aug 21, 2014 at 4:20 pm
                      its biased judgement.do i have to remind you fall of indian rupee and forex running dry.
                      Reply
                      1. R
                        Raj gopal
                        Aug 21, 2014 at 3:27 pm
                        Modi talked about increasing manufacturing in the entire country. The author compares parties. So the w point the article tried make is irrelevant.
                        Reply
                        1. R
                          Ramdas
                          Aug 21, 2014 at 3:18 pm
                          Why is Indian Express using Charbin when they show our country map incorrectly? Please take the map out ASAP
                          Reply
                          1. R
                            Rahul
                            Aug 21, 2014 at 6:00 pm
                            The map shows Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram as regions where no data was available. Similarly, J&K is shown completely, just that the parts which are (illegally) controlled by Pak/China do not have data available (probably) because India doesn't control those regions.Maybe you have a very low brightness setting on your screen and missed the very light yellow color :)
                            Reply
                            1. S
                              Subahsh Bhagwat
                              Aug 21, 2014 at 5:46 pm
                              Party comparisons solely on percent basis can be misleading, and in this case it is! All BJP ruled states show positive growth and the range is 5 to 12 percent. Among Congress ruled states MP showed negative growth. It is a large state. Two smaller ones show impressive growth of over 22 percent but they started with little manufacturing base. BJP's performance is consistent and positive in all states even though the averages may look close. When you cliick on the map, even Gujarat shows BJP 5% and Congress 0%. How ccan you claim that Congress did better there?
                              Reply
                              1. S
                                Sai
                                Aug 21, 2014 at 2:29 pm
                                Why is Indian Express Showing Jammu Kashmir as not complete and where is Arunanchal praddesh
                                Reply
                                1. S
                                  sk
                                  Aug 21, 2014 at 2:20 pm
                                  In 14 years Modi was in power when NDA was in center for 3 years. Did you care to check for the data for those years, before making this comment?
                                  Reply
                                  1. S
                                    sk
                                    Aug 21, 2014 at 2:19 pm
                                    Really? The concrete data is rubbish? On what count? Modi is doing better at least on one count- Blind Supporters!
                                    Reply
                                    1. S
                                      Surya Mitra
                                      Aug 22, 2014 at 1:25 am
                                      The most important figure is the current account, i.e. exports-imports. That gets added to your GDP. If it is nagative it gets subtracted. The author has conveniently hidden the current account numbers. Please go to.:www.tradingeconomics/india...The numbers are -0.7, -1.0, 0.3, 1.4 and 1.5 from 1999 to 2004. They turn promptly negative in 2005 and remain down for 10years, the worst in 2013 at an abysmal -4.7 % of GDP. NDA produced the first current account surplus in history of India. Go back to 1980 and graph it on this website. I don't get it. Has Indian Express become a stooge of congress?
                                      Reply
                                      1. C
                                        Curious onlooker
                                        Aug 22, 2014 at 9:38 am
                                        Modi's call to to make India the manufacturing base for the world ignores the most important factor that acts as disincentive to his proposal : the headstrong labour unions of India. Unless stringent laws are legislated and put in place to control the fractious nature of the unions, there is little likelihood his proposal will be heeded. The would be investor is looking for his profit, not risk both capital and profit by slogan chanting militant unionists!
                                        Reply
                                        1. C
                                          Citizen
                                          Aug 21, 2014 at 3:01 pm
                                          In the nation where one party ruled for the majority of the time it was only commissions that dictated the Exim policies not the national/citizens interests. So with the result we face lot of imbalance in our financial dealings. A simple example when all over the world nuclear power is taking back seat due to many reasons and natural renewable energy is given top priority but our rulers were they sleeping/interested in something else for their own benefits ??? Jaihind
                                          Reply
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