India has 31 lakh NGOs, more than double the number of schools

These statistics have come to light after the CBI collated information from all states and Union Territories to list NGOs registered under the Societies Registration Act.

Written by Utkarsh Anand | New Delhi | Updated: August 1, 2015 2:12 pm
The total number of schools in the country is around 15 lakh, as per the data compiled by the Planning Commission of India in 2011. (Source: Illustration by C R Sasikumar) The total number of schools in the country is around 15 lakh, as per the data compiled by the Planning Commission of India in 2011. (Source: Illustration by C R Sasikumar)

The first-ever exercise by the CBI to map registered NGOs has disclosed that India has at least 31 lakh NGOs — more than double the number of schools in the country, 250 times the number of government hospitals, one NGO for 400 people as against one policeman for 709 people.

These statistics, indicating the relative status of education and healthcare infrastructure apart from policing, have come to light after the CBI collated information from all states and Union Territories to list NGOs registered under the Societies Registration Act.

The CBI has been directed by the Supreme Court to collect information about NGOs and inform whether these NGOs have filed balance sheets, including income-expenditure statements, to ascertain compliance with accountability norms.

Share This Article
Share
Related Article

According to the affidavit filed by the CBI in the Supreme Court Friday, there are a total of around 31 lakh NGOs in 26 states. Karnataka, Odisha and Telangana are still to adduce information about the number of NGOs, so the total number of NGOs will be more than 31 lakh. Besides, more than 82,000 NGOs are registered in seven Union Territories.

The total number of schools in the country is around 15 lakh, as per the data compiled by the Planning Commission of India in 2011. The commission had calculated the number of schools, classifying them as primary, upper primary, secondary, lower secondary and higher secondary. The number inheres the peril of duplication since one school building may have primary as well as upper primary schooling — more than one level of education in the same building.

In March 2011, total number of government hospitals in the country was 11,993, with 7.84 lakh beds. Of these, 7,347 hospitals were in rural areas with 1.60 lakh beds and 4,146 hospitals in urban areas with 6.18 lakh beds. The number of NGOs also exceed the number of policemen in the country.

According to the National Crime Records Bureau data in 2014, there were 17.3 lakh policemen across the country, as against a sanctioned India has 31 lakh NGOs, twice the number of schools, 250 times number of govt hospitals strength of 22 lakh. This accounts for one policeman for 709 people. Add 13 lakh armed forces personnel to the number of policemen, and the total number of NGOs will be equal to the combined strength of both.

Among the states, Uttar Pradesh tops the list with more than 5.48 lakh NGOs, followed by Maharashtra which has 5.18 lakh NGOs. Kerala comes third with 3.7 lakh NGOs, followed by West Bengal with 2.34 lakh NGOs. Of the 82,250 NGOs in the Union Territories, Delhi alone has more than 76,000 NGOs.

Less than 10 per cent of the NGOs have complied with the requirement of submitting balance sheets and income-expenditure statements with the Registrar of Societies. Of around 30 lakh NGOs, 2.9 lakh have submitted financial statements.

In Kerala, none of the 3.7 lakh NGOs have filed details since the state law does not mandate it. In Maharashtra and West Bengal, only around 7 per cent of NGOs have been filing such details. Other states also had poor records.
The CBI has told the court it will complete its exercise in the next two months after Karnataka, Odisha and Telangana also furnish the requisite data. Next week, the court will take up the PIL filed by advocate M L Sharma who has sought a CBI inquiry into affairs of all the NGOs lacking accountability.

For all the latest India News, download Indian Express App now

  1. N
    Nitin J Naik
    May 21, 2017 at 4:48 pm
    Yes there are more NGOs per person than Doctors, Teachers, Architects, Policemen or any other profession. BUT we require those to keep a country like India keep going with so many SOCIAL issues, our challenge is not the NUMBERS, our challenge is to separate the GOOD and THE BAD. Biggest challenge and conflict between NGOs and DONOR is data, do entation and dashboard. Biggest problem faced by corporate and Govt, is utilizing the Social funding for the right cause which aligns with there vision, mission and sustainability policy, finding the right partners, and then the challenge lies after funding is appropriate quality data collection, management and reporting to FUNDERS and other stakeholders. We have build a platform which will take care of data, do entation and dashboard. The platform also help NGOs showcase there projects and help them get funding If you need help in capacity building of your NGO do put me a mail on csrhubindia@gmail will get back to you soon
    Reply
    1. M
      Mohit deswal
      Mar 6, 2017 at 12:58 pm
      For the development of a country ngos play a good role . But in india peoples are not aware abouts these things . That's why india is not developing
      Reply
      1. S
        sarrodb
        Jan 31, 2017 at 4:59 am
        Is this a good thing or a bad thing??? NGO by definition are Non-Government Organizations working on causes that ideally should fall within the government's purview.
        Reply
        1. M
          MAURYA C.L.TRUSTNGO Projects and Innovations)
          Jan 23, 2016 at 6:05 am
          The first-ever exercise by the CBI to map registered NGOs has disclosed that India has at least 31 lakh NGOs — more than double the number of schools in the country, 250 times the number of government hospitals, one NGO for 400 people as against one policeman for 709 people
          Reply
          1. Y
            Yuva Raj
            Nov 17, 2016 at 7:07 am
            NGOs, more than double the number of schools in INDIA.....
            Reply
            1. P
              P L
              Aug 1, 2015 at 9:17 pm
              This type of large scale growth of NGO's in the country needs to be checked strictly. As mentioned by other majority of these organizations are religion based and their main activities are not social development and help. They are engaged in activities like conversions, laundering of black money human trafficking and anti national operations. The governments need to put in place the mechanism to keep strict watch on their activities. Their actual activities be checked and seen if they really carry out their intended social work for which they had been set up.
              Reply
              1. R
                Raje
                Aug 1, 2015 at 3:20 pm
                All these NGOs are sources of making black money white. A thorough investigation is needed and blacklist/close them if they flaunt any rules.
                Reply
                1. S
                  Saradha Sankar
                  Aug 1, 2015 at 6:21 am
                  Running an NGO is a very profitable business proposition.
                  Reply
                  1. A
                    Arun Gupta
                    Aug 1, 2015 at 6:17 am
                    Some of the NGOs are the conduits to siphon out the money from the businesses . Even some of the NGOs are used to save the Income tax by business houses
                    Reply
                    1. B
                      Bhavadasan Veemboor Kadalayil
                      Aug 1, 2015 at 12:06 pm
                      Under the cover of service they hinder the developments and spread anarchy.
                      Reply
                      1. S
                        S.Gonesh
                        Aug 1, 2015 at 1:14 pm
                        Foreign NGO�s are the enemies of Hindustan. They are the spying-nest in India.
                        Reply
                        1. K
                          Karunakaran
                          Aug 1, 2015 at 6:52 am
                          In Kerala particularly, but also in many parts of India, there are NGOs registered as (a) Social service organisations, (b) As Secular nuns. These are run by single individuals who take photos of poor families in India, send these photos to charity organisations abroad, get plenty of money, and then give the money on loan to friends and relatives. So no accounts whatsoever. Note that 90% of these individuals are not part of any church activities. They are complete freelancers, with only one purpose: to hoodwink the foreign donors. Normally the government authorities in India and police do not trouble them, because they act like real nuns, including wearing a nun-like sari, and fixing a little cross on the sari. Everyone ends up thinking they are nuns. CBI must really check these. The total tax-avoided money will amount to thousands of crores annually.
                          Reply
                          1. C
                            Chavali
                            Aug 1, 2015 at 7:18 am
                            I used have a friend whose father was head of church for six district in AP coastal region - Godavari districts to Srikakulam. He used to receive b new clothes from abroad. My friend wears clothes that are envy to others. He used to come by a car owned by the very charity. Life is a five star luxury when one opens a charity and that establishes itself. Half of the charity NGOs are on paper for showing in income tax emption. It is an organised racket run by the CAs and ICAI a toothless body.
                            Reply
                            1. C
                              Chavali
                              Aug 1, 2015 at 7:22 am
                              There are good number of NGOs that functions in very professional manner and does real service viz., CRY, SOS Children village, HelpAge etc. Others are just on paper to file in income tax returns and get huge exemptions. Let us work for demarcating chaff from the grain. It is high time the Government does this in professional way by not inflicting injury to good insutions without unwanted harment and punish those who default and does all kind of anti social activities.
                              Reply
                              1. N
                                Nanda
                                Aug 2, 2015 at 5:06 am
                                Let us have NGOs for constructing flyovers, laying roads and for other few things that Govt. is doing now. Then we can have everything done by NGOs and Govt can happily sit and watch... Ohh, don't let anyone else ask them where the funds are coming from and what they are doing... Anyway we never ask anything because we like to live our own life.. As a well known philanthropist of India once said, NGOs are not here to do the job that Govt is supposed to and hey should never become an alternate to Govt. There must be a balance in the society...... But looking at the situation now seems it happened what he is afraid of... Well done Indians. ..
                                Reply
                                1. A
                                  Ankit Dangi
                                  Aug 2, 2015 at 11:25 am
                                  If I were to believe another news article from NDTV: I get a feeling that the number of employees our central government has, equals the number of NGO insutions. Also, even if there were 4 full-time employees per NGO, and of course, some more volunteers, then we're talking about more than 1 crore people running these NGOs. Something's really wrong somewhere.. NGOs need to be carefully looked at. I hope, these are not dummy insutions being traded at the cost of national security and financial stability. Guru movie's khaali daabe waala scene yaad aata hain.
                                  Reply
                                  1. D
                                    Dipak
                                    Aug 1, 2015 at 9:01 am
                                    Medha Patkar's NGO was able to delay Narmada Dam over 25 years and put us behind 25 years of Progress. SAS!!!SAD!!!SAD!!! BUT TRUE!!!
                                    Reply
                                    1. S
                                      Satya Paul
                                      Aug 1, 2015 at 11:46 pm
                                      Correct.
                                      Reply
                                      1. S
                                        Satya Paul
                                        Aug 1, 2015 at 11:44 pm
                                        Right
                                        Reply
                                        1. S
                                          Satya Paul
                                          Aug 1, 2015 at 11:49 pm
                                          So true.
                                          Reply
                                          1. H
                                            Hindu
                                            Aug 1, 2015 at 8:12 am
                                            NGOs ruin the country. One of the VVIP NGO is Sonia and Co.'s Congress party. It is said they have siphoned off 12 Lakh crores. Only Holy Mary knows the Truth.
                                            Reply
                                            1. Load More Comments