India has 31 lakh NGOs, more than double the number of schools

These statistics have come to light after the CBI collated information from all states and Union Territories to list NGOs registered under the Societies Registration Act.

Written by Utkarsh Anand | New Delhi | Updated: August 1, 2015 2:12 pm
The total number of schools in the country is around 15 lakh, as per the data compiled by the Planning Commission of India in 2011. (Source: Illustration by C R Sasikumar) The total number of schools in the country is around 15 lakh, as per the data compiled by the Planning Commission of India in 2011. (Source: Illustration by C R Sasikumar)

The first-ever exercise by the CBI to map registered NGOs has disclosed that India has at least 31 lakh NGOs — more than double the number of schools in the country, 250 times the number of government hospitals, one NGO for 400 people as against one policeman for 709 people.

These statistics, indicating the relative status of education and healthcare infrastructure apart from policing, have come to light after the CBI collated information from all states and Union Territories to list NGOs registered under the Societies Registration Act.

The CBI has been directed by the Supreme Court to collect information about NGOs and inform whether these NGOs have filed balance sheets, including income-expenditure statements, to ascertain compliance with accountability norms.

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According to the affidavit filed by the CBI in the Supreme Court Friday, there are a total of around 31 lakh NGOs in 26 states. Karnataka, Odisha and Telangana are still to adduce information about the number of NGOs, so the total number of NGOs will be more than 31 lakh. Besides, more than 82,000 NGOs are registered in seven Union Territories.

The total number of schools in the country is around 15 lakh, as per the data compiled by the Planning Commission of India in 2011. The commission had calculated the number of schools, classifying them as primary, upper primary, secondary, lower secondary and higher secondary. The number inheres the peril of duplication since one school building may have primary as well as upper primary schooling — more than one level of education in the same building.

In March 2011, total number of government hospitals in the country was 11,993, with 7.84 lakh beds. Of these, 7,347 hospitals were in rural areas with 1.60 lakh beds and 4,146 hospitals in urban areas with 6.18 lakh beds. The number of NGOs also exceed the number of policemen in the country.

According to the National Crime Records Bureau data in 2014, there were 17.3 lakh policemen across the country, as against a sanctioned India has 31 lakh NGOs, twice the number of schools, 250 times number of govt hospitals strength of 22 lakh. This accounts for one policeman for 709 people. Add 13 lakh armed forces personnel to the number of policemen, and the total number of NGOs will be equal to the combined strength of both.

Among the states, Uttar Pradesh tops the list with more than 5.48 lakh NGOs, followed by Maharashtra which has 5.18 lakh NGOs. Kerala comes third with 3.7 lakh NGOs, followed by West Bengal with 2.34 lakh NGOs. Of the 82,250 NGOs in the Union Territories, Delhi alone has more than 76,000 NGOs.

Less than 10 per cent of the NGOs have complied with the requirement of submitting balance sheets and income-expenditure statements with the Registrar of Societies. Of around 30 lakh NGOs, 2.9 lakh have submitted financial statements.

In Kerala, none of the 3.7 lakh NGOs have filed details since the state law does not mandate it. In Maharashtra and West Bengal, only around 7 per cent of NGOs have been filing such details. Other states also had poor records.
The CBI has told the court it will complete its exercise in the next two months after Karnataka, Odisha and Telangana also furnish the requisite data. Next week, the court will take up the PIL filed by advocate M L Sharma who has sought a CBI inquiry into affairs of all the NGOs lacking accountability.

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  1. N
    Nitin J Naik
    May 21, 2017 at 4:48 pm
    Yes there are more NGOs per person than Doctors, Teachers, Architects, Policemen or any other profession. BUT we require those to keep a country like India keep going with so many SOCIAL issues, our challenge is not the NUMBERS, our challenge is to separate the GOOD and THE BAD. Biggest challenge and conflict between NGOs and DONOR is data, do entation and dashboard. Biggest problem faced by corporate and Govt, is utilizing the Social funding for the right cause which aligns with there vision, mission and sustainability policy, finding the right partners, and then the challenge lies after funding is appropriate quality data collection, management and reporting to FUNDERS and other stakeholders. We have build a platform which will take care of data, do entation and dashboard. The platform also help NGOs showcase there projects and help them get funding If you need help in capacity building of your NGO do put me a mail on csrhubindia@gmail will get back to you soon
    Reply
    1. M
      Mohit deswal
      Mar 6, 2017 at 12:58 pm
      For the development of a country ngos play a good role . But in india peoples are not aware abouts these things . That's why india is not developing
      Reply
      1. S
        sarrodb
        Jan 31, 2017 at 4:59 am
        Is this a good thing or a bad thing??? NGO by definition are Non-Government Organizations working on causes that ideally should fall within the government's purview.
        Reply
        1. M
          MAURYA C.L.TRUSTNGO Projects and Innovations)
          Jan 23, 2016 at 6:05 am
          The first-ever exercise by the CBI to map registered NGOs has disclosed that India has at least 31 lakh NGOs — more than double the number of schools in the country, 250 times the number of government hospitals, one NGO for 400 people as against one policeman for 709 people
          Reply
          1. Y
            Yuva Raj
            Nov 17, 2016 at 7:07 am
            NGOs, more than double the number of schools in INDIA.....
            Reply
            1. P
              P L
              Aug 1, 2015 at 9:17 pm
              This type of large scale growth of NGO's in the country needs to be checked strictly. As mentioned by other majority of these organizations are religion based and their main activities are not social development and help. They are engaged in activities like conversions, laundering of black money human trafficking and anti national operations. The governments need to put in place the mechanism to keep strict watch on their activities. Their actual activities be checked and seen if they really carry out their intended social work for which they had been set up.
              Reply
              1. R
                Raje
                Aug 1, 2015 at 3:20 pm
                All these NGOs are sources of making black money white. A thorough investigation is needed and blacklist/close them if they flaunt any rules.
                Reply
                1. S
                  Saradha Sankar
                  Aug 1, 2015 at 6:21 am
                  Running an NGO is a very profitable business proposition.
                  Reply
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