Holy cow! Desi cattle show dip in numbers, foreign variety up

Balyan said that the govt was working towards promoting the indigenous variety — the desi cow or the ‘venerated’ gau mata.

Written by Uma Vishnu | New Delhi | Updated: September 4, 2014 3:16 am

The country’s population of indigenous cattle has fallen by 8.94 per cent whereas the population of the exotic or crossbred cattle has gone up by 20.18 per cent, according to data released by the 19th Livestock Census, 2012.

Sanjeev Kumar Balyan, Minister of State of Agriculture and Food Processing Industries, who was present when the numbers were released on Wednesday, told The Indian Express that the government was working towards promoting the indigenous variety — the desi cow or the ‘venerated’ gau mata.

In July, the Centre announced the ‘Rashtriya Gokul Mission’ to “conserve and develop indigenous breeds in a focused and scientific manner” and set aside Rs 150 crore for the current financial year. “The policy all these years has been to promote cross-bred cattle to increase milk production. That brought down the population of indigenous cows. But now, our government has invited proposals from states on increasing the yield of indigenous cattle.

It’s a long process. Pure, indigenous cattle must be saved,” said Baliyan, who holds a PhD from Haryana Agricultural University in Hisar. A closer look at the numbers tells the real story: of farm mechanisation, milch cows and a sex ratio that’s heavily titled in favour of the female of the species. The total cattle population has seen a drop of 4.10 per cent over the 2007 Census, from 199.075 billion to 190.90 billion.

While the population of exotic cows has gone up from 33 billion to 39.73 billion, the number of males or bulls in this category has fallen by 12.75 per cent while the gritty females have gone up by 28.75 per cent.

The desi cows too show a similar gender imbalance. While both the males and females show a drop in numbers, the dip is sharper among the desi bulls (down 19.32 per cent), compared to a dip of 0.01 per cent for the females.

It’s easy to see why, said Ashok Gulati, agricultural economist and former chairman of the Commission for Costs and Prices. “The bulls were primarily used for ploughing and haulage of goods. Over time, farm mechanisation meant that tractors replaced animal energy. So while the females are valued for their milk, the bulls are now unwanted. It’s a reverse bias when you compare them to the human sex ratio,” he said.

The Livestock Census, conducted every five years since 1919, does a headcount of the total livestock population in the country — buffaloes, sheep, goats, pigs, horses and ponies, mules, donkeys, camels, mithun and yak. The last Census was held in 2012 and the results, released today, put the total livestock population at 512.05 million, a fall of 3.33 per cent over the previous Census.

Sheep (down by 9.07 per cent), goats (down 3.82 per cent), pigs (down 7.54 per cent) and donkeys (down 27.22 per cent) have all shown a dip in numbers. The happy report cards go to horses and ponies (up 0.62 per cent), mules (up 43.34 per cent) and poultry (up 12.39 per cent).

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  1. U
    umakant sharma
    Sep 5, 2015 at 11:13 am
    The milk of Indigenous Cows ( Humped Cows ) is the only true milk . It has been scientifically proved that milk of Exotic Cow breeds contains harmful A2 Beta casiene protein . However the most important part of this Survey is fall in potion of our native Indigenous breeds by 9% . The most worrying part which this Survey has not revealed is the - Total potion of our recognized Indigenous breeds which is not more than 5% of our Indigenous Cattle potion , I feel .
    1. I
      Sep 3, 2014 at 6:07 pm
      Racism and ignorance go together. India's centralized planning wrongly favoured imported varieties which can't even digest local fodder and do not have immunity to survive in the tropics. Similarly we favour breed dogs which have human favoured characteristics but would have never survived in the wild and hence suffer from abnormalities e.g. joint problems
      1. S
        Sep 4, 2014 at 1:50 am
        Kindly bring up the issue of beta-casein component. How the foreign variety has A1 type and which is not fit for human consumption. If i am not mistaken, A2 or even A1-A2 variety is good for drinking for humans BUT A1 induces lactose intolerance amongst lots of other problems as well.Illiterate milkman AND greed only has promoted the pn variety of cattle in India and the problem will be seen sooner than later.