An investigation by the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) into complaints that Hindu families had “migrated” from Kairana, in Shamli district of Uttar Pradesh, has listed the “resettlement of 25,000-30,000” Muslims — who fled Muzaffarnagar district after the 2013 violence — as one of the many reasons.
In June, BJP MP Hukum Singh released a list of 346 people who, he claimed, had moved out of Kairana because of extortion by “one particular community” and lack of security.
But an investigation by the Shamli district administration found only three persons named in the list had left Kairana after extortion threats. It said the list included 16 dead people, seven names were duplicated, 27 still lived in Kairana, 179 had left Kairana four-five years ago, and 67 had left 10 years ago.
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According to an NHRC press release on Wednesday, the panel’s investigation division, which spoke to witnesses and surveyed three colonies in Kairana, came to a different conclusion.
“In 2013, the post-rehabilitation scenario resulting in resettlement of about 25,000-30,000 members of Muslim community in Kairana town from Muzaffarnagar district, UP, the demography of Kairana town has changed in favour of the Muslim community becoming the more dominating and majority community,” said the NHRC team’s report.
“Most of the witnesses examined and victims feel that the rehabilitation in 2013 has permanently changed the social situation in Kairana town and has led to further deterioration of law and order situation,” it said.
“At least 24 witnesses stated that youths of the specific majority community (Muslims) in Kairana town pass lewd/ taunting remarks against the females of the specific minority community in Kairana town. Due to this, females of the specific minority community (Hindus) in Kairana town avoid going outside frequently. However, they could not gather courage to report the matter to the police for legal action. Some of the displaced persons also verified that it was one of the reasons for their migration from Kairana town,” said the report.
Based on the findings, the NHRC has sent a notice to the Uttar Pradesh Chief Secretary and Director General of Police to submit an action taken report, on the observations and recommendations of the team, within eight weeks.
The bulk of the NHRC report concentrates on the murder of a woman from the Kashyap community in a village in Kairana in April this year. The report mentions that UP police arrested two persons, Kurban and Mohsin, for the crime and declared two relatives of the victim, Ankush and Ramender, as proclaimed offenders.