Diwali effect: Pollution worsens, particulate matter soars in Delhi

The pollution during this year’s Diwali was expected to be worse than those during 2014 and 2015 due to a combination of adverse meteorological factors.

By: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: November 1, 2016 11:43 am
air pollution, diwali, diwali pollution, delhi smog, smog in delhi, smog, air pollution after diwali, pollution level, rising air pollution, diwali pollution, pm 2.5, pm 10, particulate matter, delhi air pollution, lucknow air pollution, ahmedabad air pollution, diwali pollution, firecracker pollution, india news, indian express news Air pollution worsened across India as particulate matters shot up in many cities. Early morning visuals from East Delhi on Monday. (Express photo)

Air pollution across the country went up to alarmingly high levels amid Diwali celebrations on Sunday and the morning after. In the capital itself, people woke up to smog with visibility up to 200 metres. According to air quality monitored by  the Central Pollution Control Board, PM 2.5 in Delhi went up to 999 in the US Embassy area and 702 in Anand Vihar. In R K Puram, PM 2.5 went up to 643 micrograms which is almost ten times the safe limit of 60 micrograms per cubic metres and PM 10 stood at 999 micrograms per cubic metres which is  also way more than the safe limit of 100 micrograms.

air pollution, diwali, diwali pollution, delhi smog, smog in delhi, smog, air pollution after diwali, pollution level, rising air pollution, diwali pollution, pm 2.5, pm 10, particulate matter, delhi air pollution, lucknow air pollution, ahmedabad air pollution, diwali pollution, firecracker pollution, india news, indian express news Post Diwali pollution: Data showing particulate matter in the air which helps in determining air quality index. (Source: http://aqicn.org/)

In Mumbai, PM 2.5 went up to the hazardous level of 494. System of Air Quality and Weather Forecasting and Research (SAFAR) had earlier said that particulate matter in the air in Mumbai was expected to increase this Diwali, leading to a worse air pollution level than last year. The air quality index (AQI) was expected to go as high as 334, which comes under the ‘very poor’ category. SAFAR also revealed that Mumbai’s air quality was better than Navi Mumbai and Delhi that had recorded 309 and 394 respectively on Saturday.

WATCH: Delhi’s Air Quality Likely To Improve Only After Two Days: Here’s Why

In Pune’s Shivajinagar area, maximum value for PM 2.5 and PM 10 was found to be 400 and 268 respectively. The conditions were worse in Ahmedabad where PM 2.5 stood at 999, which is almost 15 times more than the safe limit. Lucknow wasnt far behind when it came to severe Air Quality Index. According to data, PM 2.5 went as high as 834 in the city. Towards the east, in Kolkata the maximum value of PM 2.5 was recorded to be at 378 which is said to ‘Unhealthy’. In Bangalore, the Air Quality Index stood at the ‘Moderate’ level with PM 2.5 going up to three times more than the safe limit.

air pollution, diwali, diwali pollution, delhi smog, smog in delhi, smog, air pollution after diwali, pollution level, rising air pollution, diwali pollution, pm 2.5, pm 10, particulate matter, delhi air pollution, lucknow air pollution, ahmedabad air pollution, diwali pollution, firecracker pollution, india news, indian express news Air pollution: Data showing particulate matter levels in different cities across India. (Source: http://aqicn.org/)

The ultrafine particulate matters are harmful as prolonged exposure to them could cause respiratory diseases and other bronchial diseases. The condition is particularly harmful for the elderly, children and pregnant women. Since particulate matter like RSPM (Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter) are inhaled, lungs and the airway are the first organs to be affected. While PM10 enters alveoli or small sacks in lungs and gets accumulated there. Thus, while PM10 affects upper respiratory tract from the nose and windpipe, the smaller PM2.5 particles affect the lower respiratory system since they enter the lungs.

SAFAR had earlier predicted that pollution during this year’s Diwali is expected to be worse than those during 2014 and 2015 due to a combination of adverse meteorological factors like slow wind speed and moisture in the air, which is a source of  major hindrance in the dispersion of suspended pollutants.

The Delhi government on Saturday had reviewed the ambient air quality in the capital. “Agricultural fires in fields of neighbouring states, particularly Punjab and Haryana, are a major contributor in the deterioration of ambient air quality, which will also suffer due to inversion and calm meteorological conditions (that are) currently prevailing,” said the government’s official statement.

With PTI, ENS inputs.

For all the latest India News, download Indian Express App

  1. G
    Gadha Aryan
    Nov 24, 2016 at 3:03 pm
    Very good post
    Reply
    1. A
      Amar Akbar
      Oct 31, 2016 at 8:45 am
      It\'s called priorities. Do you know without Diwali, Delhi is still the worst polluted city in the world. Why not ban all cars in Delhi? Pick up a book and learn about it. Diwali\'s contribution to pollution is minimal. Even if you ban crackers Delhi will be the worst polluted city in the world. So why not focus on what is polluting the earth like you using electricity from fossil fuels, you using cars etc. instead you like to attack Hindu festivals while you cut millions of trees for a fake celebration of birthday of Jesus who was not born on December 25th. Go figure
      Reply
      1. D
        Dr gurpal
        Oct 31, 2016 at 3:40 am
        Like in western countries,bursting of crackers at home should be bannedstead a place in every locality should be marked,where under proper manner n under strict survilience of admin crackers should be bursted..Administration should make make proper arrangements there like ambulance,fire tenders,docs..etc.lt;br/gt; Pros; This will reduce the pollution problem as well as the fire incidents related to crackers.This will also promote communal harmony n relations between relatives n neighbours..
        Reply
      2. A
        Amar Akbar
        Oct 31, 2016 at 8:36 am
        It's called priorities. Pick up a book and learn about it. Diwali's contribution to pollution is minimal. Even if you ban crackers Delhi will be the worst polluted city in the world. So why not focus on what is polluting the earth like you using electricity from fossil fuels, you using cars etc. instead you like to attack Hindu festivals while you cut millions of trees for a fake celebration of birthday of Jesus who was not born on December 25th. Go figure.
        Reply
        1. A
          Amar Akbar
          Oct 31, 2016 at 8:40 am
          It's called priorities. Diwali\'s contribution to pollution is minimal. Even if you ban crackers Delhi will be the worst polluted city in the world. So why not focus on what is polluting the earth like you using electricity from fossil fuels, you using cars etc. instead you like to attack Hindu festivals while you cut millions of trees for a fake celebration of birthday of Jesus who was not born on December 25th. Or millions flying to Mecca as if Allah is only there and pollution created by Muslims. Go figure
          Reply
          1. I
            Ignoramous
            Oct 31, 2016 at 9:44 am
            Wow good opportunity for socialists to thrash Hinduism and its rituals. Nobody raises a question when many people are injured and a few die daily at the stone throwing ceremony. If you have the courage, put that on the front page then I will accept that you are the true custodians for freedom of press and journalism. Do you accept the challenge?
            Reply
            1. A
              Amar Akbar
              Oct 31, 2016 at 6:19 am
              Amar I totally agree with you. The article makes you feel as if Delhi Ian the cleanest city in the world and during Diwali it got worse. Really IE morons. Without Diwali also Delhi is the worst polluted cities in the world. Go and check your facts. And who is responsible for it? Why are these elites who writes these articles stop taking their own cars and also live in a smaller place then they are used to as their carbon footprint is the biggest. IE is a pressutes.
              Reply
              1. D
                David
                Oct 31, 2016 at 6:23 am
                Come on Pk don't act as if you are smart and get away with your jihadi views. First of all it's Lord Ram not Ram and be respectful. Secondly yes when Lord Ram cane back people did burn crackers. First of all why do you use loudspeakers to spread loud noise pollution through speakers in some Arabic Mumbo jumbonas if Allah is deaf and also as if there loud speakers during Mohammeds time. There was lot even water to wash your back so why do you wash and not follow what Mohammed told you? And Delhi is not a clean city so please stop using electricity in your house which comes from fossil fuels mostly. And you are the biggest garbage generator. And don't have 10 kids from each of your four wives.
                Reply
                1. Load More Comments