Pathankot attack: Govt orders probe as questions surface

Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar has appointed a three-member committee to investigate how six Jaish terrorists succeeded in penetrating the facility in spite of intelligence warnings that an attack was imminent.

Written by Praveen Swami | New Delhi | Published:January 4, 2016 4:49 am
pathankot attack, pathankot air base attack, pathankot attack probe, manohar parrikar, rajnath singh, pathankot attack news, punjab news, india news, latest news Security personnel outside the Indian Air Force base in Pathankot on Sunday evening as the gunbattle continued. (Source Rana Simranjit Singh)

EVEN AS fighting between a Jaish-e-Muhammad assault team and security force personnel at the Indian Air Force (IAF) base in Pathankot stretched through a second day, Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar has appointed a three-member committee to investigate how six Jaish terrorists succeeded in penetrating the facility in spite of intelligence warnings that an attack was imminent.

The investigation begins amid questions raised by the operations which stretched on for more than 24 hours after Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh congratulated security forces “for successfully neutralising all the five terrorists”.

Home Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi said on Sunday that  two terrorists were still thought to be hidden in the base, in addition to four shot dead on Saturday.

Imaging equipment on an IAF reconnaissance helicopter, a source familiar with the operation said, first detected possible terrorist movement at around 4 am on Saturday to the north-west of the runway. The area adjoins Air Force housing, where over 100 families live and where there is a school run for the children of personnel.

Patrols from the Defence Security Corps (DSC), a base-protection organisation drawn from retired army personnel, were sent out to investigate the report, leading to fire contact in which three members of the force lost their lives.

Two more unarmed troops of the DSC, were shot dead next to the lavatory in the security force’s mess, just a few hundred metres from an area where combat aircraft were parked, sources familiar with the operation said. An IAF commando lost his life in this second phase of fighting.

Following the early exchange of fire, troops present at the base focussed on sealing off routes towards the north-west and south-east, in an effort to ensure the terrorists would not be able to move towards the Air Force housing, or pens where the base’s MiG21 jets, attack helicopters, and surface-to-air missile batteries are housed.

Later, further casualties followed when National Security Guard (NSG) officer, Lieutenant Colonel Niranjan Kumar, was killed while attempting to move the body of a terrorist, who had improvised an explosive device under his own body in his last minutes, by lying down on a live grenade.

“In many other countries,” an NSG officer said, “this is a task that would be done by robots, or personnel using highly specialised bomb-disposal equipment. That kind of equipment was not available with us.”

IAF officials say that although intelligence warnings were available on the attack, the aging personnel of the DSC, many in their 50s, were ill-trained to respond to the assault. “The force has never trained for this sort of situation,” a senior IAF officer admitted. “It’s basically meant to guard installations, not deal with a terrorist attack”.

Even though terrorists have successfully attacked several Pakistan Air Force bases in recent years, taking advantage of poor perimeter security, Pathankot had not installed electronic perimeter surveillance systems, further complicating the task of watching out for an intrusion.

“The terrorists basically seemed to have jumped the wall and entered the base,” a senior Punjab Police official told The Indian Express. “There’s just no way they could have watched the entire perimeter in spite of the intelligence warnings,” he said.

Local military officials also said that while NSG personnel were brought into Pathankot late on Friday night, on National Security Advisor Ajit Doval’s orders, there was no clarity on the chain of command and mandate. Late on Friday, Air Force officials jostled with the Indian Army for control of the operation, requiring high-level intervention, which finally granted command to the NSG.

Intelligence officials told The Indian Express that the information available on Friday suggested only that four terrorists were involved in the attack — an assessment based on eyewitness testimony from Superintendent of Police P Salwinder Singh, his friend Rajesh Verma, and Verma’s cook Madan Gopal, whose car was hijacked on Friday by the terrorists.

The assessment, an officer familiar with phone calls made by the terrorists said, was borne out in a conversation one member of the attack team had with his mother, where he referred to slitting the throat of the driver of another car they had hijacked earlier. In the conversation, the officer said, the terrorist had said his three associates had been unwilling to carry out the execution.

However, the discovery that two more terrorists were present inside the base has raised the prospect that a second terror unit could have been involved. “It is possible that other members of this second squad are still at large, or have escaped,” an official said.

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    Mit K
    Jan 4, 2016 at 6:06 am
    High casualty of Indian forces is regrettable and possibly it is a result of their not using proper gear.From the photos it appears that they are not using bullet proof jackets . Bomb disposal squad did not use proper method . I wish our uniformed were properly equipped.
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      Mujeeb
      Jan 4, 2016 at 12:30 am
      As m u alekum, May Allah help my country and its army to get rid of this bloody terrorist.What have they achieved? Salute to all Marty's. May Allah bless them and there family with peace and patience. Jai Hind
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        Radha
        Jan 5, 2016 at 7:10 am
        Not quite able to comprehend the statement “It’s basically meant to guard installations, not deal with a terrorist attack”. Does guarding means walking around the installation day and night and hope that no terrorist makes a visit? This is just leaving things to chances. Don't know when in India we will know of professionalism raising above the mediocrity in everything including the matter of national security.
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          Romik
          Jan 4, 2016 at 12:24 am
          Agree with Rashida
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            siddharth
            Jan 4, 2016 at 10:10 am
            Air base next to border being guarded by 50 year old people?? Chalta hai atude in Air Force also. What happens when stani commandos are air dropped to the base?? Which has happened in the past btw. This kind of incompetence is not expected from the Air Force.
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              AKA
              Jan 4, 2016 at 2:42 am
              Absolutely spot on; garbled and ham handed response to an emergent situation. This is a problem time and again in India; the intrigue and sophistication has not matured to a higher level. This is straight out of those bollywood movies, where intrigue is zero and success is ured and people do hilarious tasks. Too unfair to lose security personnel without proper coordination or equipment. Doubt if anything will change.
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                ANANDA
                Jan 5, 2016 at 4:19 pm
                As usual , ' A COMMITTEE ' just set up by D.M. will produce a report after much delay and deliberation - - of what value and purpose , only God knows ! It is advisable to send our COMMANDOES to Pak Terrorist Training School to learn first hand 'how to deal with them' , in a field action. SEVEN brave sons laid their lives and we are talking of committee ! Shame to you D.M.
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                  Anon
                  Jan 5, 2016 at 4:45 pm
                  Wondering too..it possibly implies the degree/gradations in the preparation. We are being reured that henceforth the readiness will be to the level of "neutralizing" a terror threat. Till now it was up to that of "guarding an installation".
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                    dv1936
                    Jan 4, 2016 at 12:32 am
                    The terrorists were highly trained professionally, think of ISI.
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                      IMP
                      Jan 4, 2016 at 5:11 am
                      ...and this is with being alerted to the possibility of an attack. This is an air defense base with a specific imminent warning and the terrorists are able to inflict such damage (loss of air force life and personnel?). Sorry state of affairs! Topmost officials claimed to have "neutralized" the threat - ask them how they will ensure public safety when your defense preparedness is such..Mr. Home Secretary, pls be advised that defence personnel are ets too - the primary one.SHAME!! Short on conscience? seek some!! and act to the call of the chair..
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                        IMP
                        Jan 4, 2016 at 6:37 am
                        What does one make of the Establishment's response through the media? Saving grace is that the terrorists did not elope on to the Indian skies with our own ets? What is the level of preparedness, truly? Rafaels - pie in the sky LCAs - never off the blocks FGFA - 2050? S400s - Russian savviness prevails over Modi's rhetoric and bonhomie Mirages - will perenially await upgrades Surveillance - what of the Israeli near neighbor ranges when your defence station sans electronic surveillance - talk abt nuclear facilities?? Submarine frigates - grossly oversold and dumped ones to showcase Military tanks - Bofors, suicidal Arjuns and God knows MIGs - self destructive and possibly confidence stems from a foregone essment that these would not make it to Delhi anywayfrom Pathankot All in all our best layer of defense probably lies with Rahul Bhai - the laughing gas deterrent, again with a no first use doctrine. This incident shows that History is a repeat - Prithviraj lost his 5L men to the sword and the spear, now it's an archaic AK47 andan occional grenade..
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                          IMP
                          Jan 4, 2016 at 6:56 am
                          again, what's the Defence budget to the GDP - year over year?
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                            IMP
                            Jan 4, 2016 at 5:37 am
                            didn't we catch a mention of that veer officer who downed one of the terrorists with bare hands and then turned his rifle on to the terrorist himself? A Param Vir Chakra citation and a Bollywood script to follow suit..fact remains that was what was left with the Officer and probably that was what it took in the first place..
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                              Muthukumara Swamy
                              Jan 4, 2016 at 12:11 am
                              quoting: "IAF officials say that although intelligence warnings were available on the attack, the aging personnel of the DSC, many in their 50s, were ill-trained to respond to the ault." OMG, is this the level of preparedness that a frontier air-base has, when confronted with a terror attack??? Its a shame and I feel the air-force should take the blame for never having invested enough to strengthen this shoddy security apparatus.
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                                Rashida Khan
                                Jan 4, 2016 at 12:10 am
                                Catch at least one alive and waterboard.
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                                  Sunil
                                  Jan 4, 2016 at 12:55 am
                                  It is matter of very serious concern that the terrorists could penetrate the perimeter of the air base and were as close as a few hundred meters from our weapon sites and Air Force housing, where over 100 families live and where there is a school run for the children of personnel. Non availability of highly specialised bomb-disposal equipment like robots can also be considered as failure of planning and development which lead to unnecessary death of our brave officers. It is a matter of grave concern that it is taking so long to neutralize all the terrorists. A SP of Punjab police was manhandled, his vehicle was stolen and yet apparently effective follow up measures which should have prevented the next set of events were not taken. Strategy experts all over the world will consider this as success of the terrorists and failure of Indian intelligence and security agencies. The only solace is that our valuable ets are safe and the terrorists are pinned down and will be eventually eliminated. It will be hope of every Indian that effective post mortem of the w episode will be done carefully and impartially, officials responsible for various acts of commission and omissions leading to the security lapses identified and punished and the necessary lessons learnt - so that such episode never ever occurs.
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                                    Tej Pal
                                    Jan 4, 2016 at 3:56 am
                                    i thing the officers in charge must be parting for new year and guards must have 1 or 2 packs , i feel ashamed that uneducated villagers of stan can do such a attack .. i think we should have used some tanks just like they do in syria blow up the building were they are hidings but in india airforce vs army vs navy
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                                      Shrikant Sharma
                                      Jan 4, 2016 at 12:32 am
                                      AFTER MODI'S VISIT AND DELICIOUS BIRYANI OF COURSE SERVED IN SHAREEF'S NAWAJ'S PARTY EVERY SECURITY OFFICIAL WAS INTOXICATED WITH PEACE TALKS AND WERE IN NEW YRS MOOD ,THERE FORE ONLY 100 METERS WORTH WERE LEFT TO STRIKE THE BATTERY AND MISSILES STOCK PILE OF COURSE THEY R NEVER TO BE USED IN BATTLE FIELD BECAUSE OF THE 'NO FIRST USE DOCTRINE' AFTER SUCH ATTACKS THEY BECOME REDUNDANT BIRDS-WHITE CROWS ON BORDER POSTS.
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                                        Shrikant Sharma
                                        Jan 4, 2016 at 3:17 am
                                        IF HE IS CAUGHT ALIVE HE WILL ENJOY BIRYANI IN JAILS AND VOMIT COOKED UP STORIES IN INDIAN MEDIA AS LAKHS UN CAUGHT LIVING LAVISHLY ON CORRUPT,CONVICTED,CRUEL ,CRIMINAL VOTE BANK POLITICS R DOING/ENJOYING.HAVE U NOT HEARD THE NEWS THAT NITEESH THE PSEUDO SECULAR CM OF BIHAR WANTS TO GO WITH FRIEND 'SUSHMA/RAVISHANKAR PRASAD IN A DELEGATION TO STAN PLEADING FOR 'PL SPARE' FOR THREE MORE YRS WE WILL DO 'AS U WISH' DIPLOMACY.
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                                          Shrikant Sharma
                                          Jan 4, 2016 at 12:25 am
                                          is modi still pondering over the thought that he has been advised correctly by his advisers like sushma swaraj and niteesh who wanted to go to stan as his emissary instead of sushma swaraj both r good friends.
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