Over 55 per cent of undertrials Muslim, Dalit or tribal: NCRB

Muslims, Dalits and tribals together account for 39 per cent of India’s population, thus their share among undertrials is disproportionate to their population.

Written by Deeptiman Tiwary | New Delhi | Updated: November 1, 2016 4:26 pm
NCRB, National Crime Record Bureau, Dalits prisoners, Muslims prisoners, Indian prisoners, Religious discrimination, India news, Indian Express The three communities have a lower representation among convicts as compared to undertrials. Together, they account for 50.4 per cent of all convicts.

OVER 55 per cent of undertrials across the country are either Muslims, Dalits or tribals, according to the National Crime Records Bureau’s prison data for 2015. According to the NCRB, over two-thirds of all jail inmates are undertrials. The data also shows that more than 70 per cent of undertrials have not passed Class 10.

WATCH VIDEO: Find Out What National Crime Records Bureau’s Prison Data For 2015 Reveals

Muslims, Dalits and tribals together account for 39 per cent of India’s population, thus their share among undertrials is disproportionate to their population. According to the 2011 Census, Muslims make up 14.2 per cent, Scheduled Castes (SC) 16.6 per cent and Scheduled Tribes (ST) 8.6 per cent of India’s population.

Besides, the three communities have a lower representation among convicts as compared to undertrials. Together, they account for 50.4 per cent of all convicts.

Among Muslims, the community’s share of convicts is 15.8 per cent, slightly above their representation in population, but their share among undertrials — at 20.9 per cent — is far higher.

WATCH VIDEO: Bhopal Jailbreak: 8 SIMI Activists Killed In Encounter

SCs account for 21.6 per cent of undertrials and 20.9 per cent of convicts, while STs make up 12.4 per cent of undertrials and 13.7 per cent of convicts.

Out of 2,82,076 undertrials lodged in various jails in the country, a total of 80,528 undertrials are illiterate (28.5 per cent) and 1,19,082 have education levels below Class 10 (42.2 per cent).

graph-ncrb

The data also shows that most of the undertrials have to spend over three months in jail before they can secure bail — close to 65 per cent spend between three months and five years.

While comparing the data to 2014, the NCRB report says the most significant increase in convictions was in rape cases — a jump of 11.6 per cent as against 1.5 per cent in murder cases and 2 per cent in overall convictions. Uttar Pradesh had the highest number of rape convicts at 19.6 per cent.

The number of undertrial prisoners also saw a marginal dip of 0.3 per cent when compared to 2014. According to the data, while capacity has increased over the years, jails continue to remain overcrowded with an occupancy rate of over 114 (as against a capacity of 100).

The maximum overcrowding was observed in jails in Dadra & Nagar Haveli (276.7 per cent), followed by Chhattisgarh (233.9 per cent), Delhi (226.9 per cent), Meghalaya (177.9 per cent), Uttar Pradesh (168.8 per cent) and Madhya Pradesh (139.8 per cent).

According to the data, those convicted in murder cases accounted for 59.6 per cent of the total convicts. Similarly, 26.5 per cent of undertrials were charged with murder. Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh topped the list of murder convicts at 21.9 per cent and 15.8 per cent respectively. They also accounted for the highest number of undertrials facing murder charges at 19.7 per cent and 8.5 per cent respectively.

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  1. A
    Abhinav Gour
    Nov 1, 2016 at 3:32 am
    Do your corroespondent searched reason for such higher number of undertrials from these particular castes or tribes . What appears from your news is that law enforcing agency are intentionlly involving these. It is a sorry state of affair that crimes are linked with castes without mentioning reasons . I cant take this news as impartial .
    Reply
    1. R
      Ram
      Nov 1, 2016 at 3:47 pm
      This piece of article shows sick mind set of journalist. These kind of people can't look beyond religion and caste. Calling it journalism is insult of that profession. This person wants reservation in jail based on caste and religion. He is a representative of the people who want divide India based on castes and religion. He has a divisive vision and can't see India as it is but only in pieces but these kind of mindset will be destructive for all Indians.
      Reply
      1. R
        RahimRam
        Nov 1, 2016 at 10:03 pm
        Cause u can't digest the truth
        Reply
        1. R
          RahimRam
          Nov 1, 2016 at 10:08 pm
          For ur information every day Indian youths are caught committing frauds and crimes in US and Europe. U need to educate ur e*vil Hindu mind full of hatred
          Reply
          1. R
            RahimRam
            Nov 1, 2016 at 10:02 pm
            True pic of India who says it is a democratic country. Here muslims and dalits are tortured and killed under fake encounter everyday
            Reply
            1. D
              David
              Nov 1, 2016 at 12:34 am
              What kind of statistics is this. Do you even make sense? Do you know 60% of bollywood is Muslims and 90% controlled by Sunni. So does that mean that Bollywood is infested with Muslims? Almost all smugglers used to be Muslims. Does that mean the religion allows smuggling as part of sharia? Almost all the mechanics are Muslims. So should we stop hiring Muslim mechanics?
              Reply
              1. P
                PG
                Nov 1, 2016 at 5:59 am
                Is the author expecting the convict potion should be aligned with potion of various religious demoninations? These kind of journalists should get hard kick on their hind.
                Reply
                1. T
                  Tinku
                  Nov 1, 2016 at 2:17 am
                  Actually when a brahmin does a mistake, it is a mistake of that individual. But when a SC person does a mistake, people say that all the society of SC is like that..Thats where the problem lies.
                  Reply
                  1. S
                    SubbuI
                    Nov 1, 2016 at 9:59 am
                    IT IS ON EXPECTED LINE STILL GET TO WORSE IN COMING MONTHS.RSS CONTROLED BJP RULING INDIA .THEY ARE ALLWAYS ANTI DALITS ANTI MUSLEM AND ANTI POOR. THESE PEOPLE ARE HARRASED AND FORCED TO COMMIT ILLEGAL THINGS IN MOST CASES
                    Reply
                    1. V
                      Vi
                      Nov 1, 2016 at 4:55 pm
                      Bhai yhi h India lmjor aur grib hi faste han Amir to pese de k chhut jate hn ya fer ye sb un k liye kam krte hn...
                      Reply
                      1. A
                        Ahsan
                        Nov 1, 2016 at 7:10 am
                        So Indian Express can you tell me how many criminals belongs to Shia , Sunni, Ahmadiya, Bahabi Communitiies
                        Reply
                        1. A
                          Acharya Navneet
                          Nov 1, 2016 at 12:59 pm
                          So , you want to say that there should be a quota in jails based on the percentage of potion ? Height of stupidity ...
                          Reply
                          1. A
                            Amit
                            Nov 1, 2016 at 8:02 pm
                            We would like to see the reports based on Education, Financial Status etc. rather than religion, caste or creed.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;How many are under trial based on Education vs Financial Status? This would help us, society and agencies to understand how and what to improve.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Do something meaningful for society and India.
                            Reply
                            1. M
                              mumbai
                              Nov 1, 2016 at 5:28 am
                              hindus are very safe under modi government. Hindus feel proud of modi. Modi will lead hinduism to its destination.
                              Reply
                              1. A
                                Anil Sabaji
                                Nov 1, 2016 at 2:32 am
                                They have claimed their reservation. What is wrong?
                                Reply
                                1. B
                                  babloo
                                  Nov 1, 2016 at 10:40 am
                                  That is why there is FASCISM
                                  Reply
                                  1. B
                                    bonumpraxis
                                    Nov 1, 2016 at 3:58 am
                                    it is same everywhere. Poor and illiterate accused are in jail while rich accused are on bail USA disproportionate block are in jail
                                    Reply
                                    1. B
                                      Brahm Gaur
                                      Nov 1, 2016 at 4:10 am
                                      You did not mention that SC/ST get 50% goverment jobs that way above their share in % of potion. If they are selected on merit then I will be very surprised to see more than 2% getting in the government jobs.
                                      Reply
                                      1. Q
                                        Qaiser Qaiser
                                        Nov 1, 2016 at 5:39 am
                                        the life of these Muslims , Dalits and Tribals are going through difficult times due to illitercay and partisan atude of upper and middle castes
                                        Reply
                                        1. K
                                          Kaliyug
                                          Nov 1, 2016 at 12:48 am
                                          As long as the caste based quotas are the rule of the country, there will be corruption, crime and criminals coming from OBC and Muslims. The Indian judiciary does not function to implement the laws equally, Vijay Mallaya can rob money and go to the UK and no one is bothered to bring him back or the money, a poor person robs an ATM and the police beats this person mercilessly. For BOFORS scam there were no one in the prison, lately all the scams have been pardoned. The Judges should take a look if they got into the OBC quotas, they are the most under performing in all the sectors.
                                          Reply
                                          1. V
                                            vidya
                                            Nov 1, 2016 at 2:16 am
                                            Ncrb data states that the groups most likely to be convicts are Christians and Sikhs, both of which groups are definitely not marginalised and in fact have influence much more than their potion. Muslims followed by Hindus are least likely to be convicts. Why is Tiwari giving incomplete information?
                                            Reply
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