Rare N-deal clears nuclear commerce with New Delhi: Japan makes an India exception

Joint statement refers to cross-border terror, attacks in Uri, Dhaka, Pathankot.

Written by Shubhajit Roy | Updated: November 12, 2016 5:44 am
narendra modi, modi in japan, modi abe, nuclear deal, uri attack, pathankot attack, manohar parrikar, ctbt, lashkar, islamic state, terrorism, modi abe N deal, PM Modi Japan visit, japanese pm shinzo abe, modi japan visit, pm modi, nuclear deal, modi in japan, modi abe, shinzo abe, nsg, indian express news, india news Prime Minister Narendra Modi, his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe in Tokyo on Friday. AP photo

New Delhi and Tokyo Friday signed a civil nuclear deal which will allow US and French nuclear firms, which have alliances with Japanese companies, to conduct nuclear commerce with India. Concluded more than six years after negotiations began in June 2010, the deal marks a fundamental shift in Japan’s policy since India is the first non-NPT signatory with which it now has a pact.

Addressing the concerns of his people, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said, “This agreement is a legal framework that India will act responsibly in peaceful uses of nuclear energy and also in non-proliferation regime even though India is not a participant or signatory of the NPT. It (the agreement) is in line with Japan’s ambition to create a world without nuclear weapons.”


In Kantei, his office of glass and wood, Abe nodded in agreement when Prime Minister Narendra Modi thanked him and Japan’s parliament for their support to the nuclear deal — Modi called it a “historic step” and linked it to the efforts at combating climate change.

But Abe still has work to do since the deal can only be implemented after it is ratified by the Diet, Japan’s parliament. Earlier, when Abe mentioned Japan’s redlines on non-proliferation, National Security Advisor Ajit Doval listened intently.


The fact that the agreement had been signed smoothly despite Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar’s controversial remarks the previous day on India’s no-first-use policy on nuclear weapons came as a huge relief to many in the Indian delegation.

Abe said India must have a dialogue on the “universalisation of NPT”, “early entry into force of CTBT” and “start negotiations of FMCT” — all of them being Japan’s redlines.

Modi, on his part, said, “Today’s signing of the Agreement for Cooperation in Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy marks a historic step in our engagement to build a clean energy partnership. Our cooperation in this field will help us combat the challenge of climate change. I also acknowledge the special significance that such an agreement has for Japan. I thank Prime Minister Abe, the Japanese government and Parliament for their support to this agreement.”

Foreign Secretary S Jaishankar said the nuclear agreement has a “termination and cessation clause” — similar to the Indo-US agreement signed eight years ago. This clause allows countries to stop nuclear cooperation in case India conducts nuclear tests.

The joint statement said the agreement “reflects a new level of mutual confidence and strategic partnership in the cause of nuclear energy, economic development and a peaceful and secure world”.

According to Jaishankar, there were four stages in the Indo-US civil nuclear deal such as signing of the 123 agreement in 2007, getting NSG clearance in 2008, finalising the reprocessing pact in 2010, and finally inking the administrative pact in 2015.

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In the case of the deal with Japan, he said, all “four stages that were part of the deal with the US” were compressed into one. “What was contained in the each of four stages was captured into a single stage and that was signed today.”

He said Japan’s sensitivities and concerns were addressed, and much more emphasis was given on nuclear safety and security. “We understand Japan’s concerns… in fact, we have a very strong non-proliferation record, although we have not signed the NPT.”

On terrorism, the joint statement made a direct reference to the Uri and Dhaka attacks. It also asked Pakistan to bring the perpetrators of the Mumbai and Pathankot terror attacks to justice. While Mumbai has been mentioned in previous joint statements, Pathankot is a new addition.

The statement also referred to cross-border terrorism. “They called upon all countries to work towards eliminating terrorist safe havens and infrastructure, in disrupting terrorist networks and financing channels, and stopping cross border movement of terrorists. They underlined the need for all countries to effectively deal with transnational terrorism emanating from their territory,” it said.

“They condemned terrorism in strongest terms in all its forms and manifestations in the spirit of zero-tolerance. They noted with great concern the growing menace of terrorism and violent extremism and its universal reach. They expressed their condolences to the bereaved families of the victims of both countries in the recent terrorist attacks including in Dhaka and Uri. They called upon all countries to implement the UNSC Resolution 1267 and other relevant resolutions designating terrorist entities,” it said, referring to the listing of Jaish-e-Muhammad chief Masood Azhar. They called for increased sharing of information and intelligence in this regard.

Modi said, “As democracies, we support openness, transparency and the rule of law. We are also united in our resolve to combat the menace of terrorism, especially cross-border terrorism.”

Jaishankar, recalling the Dhaka attack in which Japanese lives were lost, said it is very difficult to divorce terrorism from its epicentre — in a reference to Pakistan.

On the issue of South China Sea, the leaders “urged all parties to resolve disputes through peaceful means without resorting to threat or use of force and exercise self-restraint in the conduct of activities, and avoid unilateral actions that raise tensions”.

Modi and Abe “reiterated their view that all parties should show utmost respect to the UNCLOS, which establishes the international legal order of the seas and oceans”. Jaishankar said that UNCLOS (United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea) was the “cornerstone” on matters governing the seas and the oceans.

Japan is also a key partner in India’s modernisation, especially in the infrastructure sector. “As we embark on a transformation programme, many of these draw upon the experience of Japan,” Jaishankar said.

The missing piece in Japan’s investment in India has been skills — the joint statement says Japan will train 30,000 Indians in Japanese style of manufacturing through Japanese institutes of manufacturing. “We now have the full architecture to take our economic cooperation forward,” Jaishankar said.

On the US-2 amphibian aircraft, there was no decision. Jaishankar said India was still evaluating the need. In the joint statement, Modi conveyed his appreciation of Japan’s readiness to provide its state-of-the-art defence platforms such as the US-2.

In all, ten agreements were signed during the visit on areas as diverse as skill development to agriculture, outer space to textiles.

The day started with Modi calling on Emperor Akihito, and this was followed by meetings with Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida, former Prime Minister Yoshiro Mori and Minister Hiroshige Sekoh among others.

Tokyo Diary

# Donald Trump was the flavour of conversation at the lunch table when PM Narendra Modi met the Japanese businessmen. It seems the businessmen were worried about Trump’s victory. But, there was hope as Japanese PM Shinzo Abe — who apparently spurned a meeting with Trump during his US visit — is headed to US to meet him next week.

# PM Narendra Modi wants to ensure that his translated speech reaches everyone. While speaking after talks with Japanese PM Shinzo Abe, he stopped and told the translator that his voice was not audible. He asked the translator to stand closer to the microphone so that he can be heard by everyone.

# Foreign secretary S Jaishankar, who had worked for nearly two years for the Indo-Japan nuclear deal is learnt to have celebrated the signing of the deal with a nice dinner. He is believed to have ordered sushi and white wine.

#India’s chief negotiator with Pakistan Gopal Baglay, joint secretary for Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran, was present at the meeting of the two PMs. While the reference to Pakistan and terrorism is said to be crucial and his presence was required, some believe that he is being groomed as the next MEA spokesperson.

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First Published on: November 12, 2016 2:47 am
  1. B
    Babatunde Atami
    Nov 14, 2016 at 1:22 pm
    Prime Minister Abe is under immense pressure from nuclear lobbies at home as well as in India to conclude a nuclear agreement with non-NPT signatory state, but it will also be a difficult task to convince opposing political leadership in Parliament.
    1. H
      Nov 12, 2016 at 12:46 am
      This a a very valuable certificate for the incompetent brahmins who have been in the forefront of 70 years of raping Bharat Mata. How at least Shri Modiji has proved all the lickspittle Brahmins :lt;br/gt;Homi Bhabha (1948-1966)lt;br/gt;Vikram Sarabhai (1966-1971)lt;br/gt;H.N. Sethna (1972-1983)lt;br/gt;Raja Ramanna (1983-1987)lt;br/gt;M.R. Srinivasan (1987-1990)lt;br/gt;P.K. Iyengar (1990-1993)lt;br/gt;Dr. R. Chidambaram (1993-2000)lt;br/gt;Dr. Anil Kakodkar (2000- 2009)lt;br/gt;Dr. Srikumar Banerjee (2009-2012)lt;br/gt;Dr. Ratan Kumar Sinha (2012-2015)lt;br/gt;Dr. Sekhar Basu (2015-till date)lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;were all useless brahmin s and that is why Shri Modiji has to go like a BEGGAR to all the countries in the world seeking Nuclear technology. Poor Shri Modiji!!!
      1. M
        Nov 12, 2016 at 1:39 am
        And than you a non Brahmin got converted by sucking a ARUBBISH Di-ck and ended being a WAHABI slave,---SOB.
        1. N
          Nov 12, 2016 at 3:27 am
          In the a lighter note, headline mentioning New Delhi in such a manner that one may Think (if not read the article) that AK has signed the deal. :D
          1. I
            Nov 12, 2016 at 12:11 am
            1000 salutes to modiji for MAKING INDIA GREAT AGAIN and 1000 slaps to Indian gaddar Muslims for hating him ( anyways Muslims hate everything under the sun, who cares about those non human enies)
            1. I
              Nov 12, 2016 at 12:50 am
              Modi should some how clinch the deal to buy the F U K I s h I m a nuclear reactor. Modi will.
              1. A
                Ajay K
                Nov 12, 2016 at 12:38 am
                Be wise.If you comment,speak from your heart the words of wisdom and let the world say WOW!Do not spread 'raita',spread tolerance!!
                1. A
                  Ajay K
                  Nov 12, 2016 at 12:41 am
                  1. R
                    Nov 12, 2016 at 2:45 am
                    I doubt Indians need the NSG anymore. What's the point, the world's major manufacturers have agreed to sell them everything and invest. So, NSG is just a paper that means nothing. No point anymore - the world has already recognized India as a Nuclear Power anyway. NSG is a pointless organization - India is a non-member and it has all the access in the world - yet it is not a member. It's worthless.
                    1. S
                      Sajal Liza
                      Nov 20, 2016 at 5:27 pm
                      Nuclear cooperation is not the successful key for ending up the Indian poverty, hunger and malnutrition. In this Modi’s regime of BJP, there are rarely any developmental joint ventures with other countries. Why nuclear? Why India is unable to tie a knot of human concerns? Nuclear is a sensitive domain which needs special arrangements. A country like India is cutting off the developmental budget to enjoy such expensive nuclear expertise.
                      1. N
                        Nov 12, 2016 at 5:01 am
                        PICTURE: FEKU is dancing while people are suffering and lining before Banks across the country.....Supplying of Rs100, 50, 10 to banks to compensate ban would have prevented chaos as people wont enjoy red beacons, crony capitalists' money or their planes.
                        1. K
                          Nov 12, 2016 at 6:36 am
                          Duffer, go to street and beg for money.
                          1. s
                            Nov 12, 2016 at 8:11 am
                            Hi Naveen, your hawalla fake notes from stan and Gulf countries now become just paper right ?? Rofl... ,
                            1. R
                              Nov 12, 2016 at 8:19 am
                              The World has changed ! and NM has become a first mover .. expect counter moves and World has changed
                              1. A
                                Nov 12, 2016 at 2:40 am
                                Having nuclear reactor deal is a good think but gov should also be aware of the safety and security features of those nuclear reactors going to be build up by those foreign countries.And gov should try maximum to get the safety urance for the nuclear reactor going to be build up by those respective countries.And dumping of nuclear waste should be safe as well.We all should be aware of the Bhopal gas tragedy and how u.s gov responded.We need energy but at the same time we should be aware of the foreign reactors security features and their urance.
                                1. S
                                  Sheik Mohamed
                                  Nov 12, 2016 at 12:55 am
                                  Let us hope that this agreement heralds for new era in developing nuclear program for commercial needs/electricity of our country
                                  1. S
                                    Sheik Mohamed
                                    Nov 12, 2016 at 12:54 am
                                    Let us hope that this agreement heralds for new era in developing nuclear program for commercial needs/electricity of our country.
                                    1. V
                                      Nov 12, 2016 at 1:15 am
                                      Global warming and insane Jihad 72 whories are the two major problems for humanity
                                      1. S
                                        Nov 12, 2016 at 1:47 am
                                        It is a great feat! Membership of NSG is coming soon inspite of those barking d o g s.
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