Mexico gives its nod, but China still in the way of India’s entry into elite NSG club

Support is recognition of commitment by Modi to agenda of disarmament and non-proliferation: Mexican President.

Written by Shubhajit Roy | Washington Dc | Updated: June 10, 2016 9:37 am
Narendra Modi, Nuclear Suppliers Group, india nsg support, india mexico nsg support, modi in mexico, india china, china india, china nsg, modi mexico visit, modi nsg mexico, mexico india relations, india news, latest news, mexico news Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto drives Prime Minister Modi to a restaurant, in Mexico City, Wednesday. (Source: PTI)

Hours after Mexico changed its longstanding stance to support India for membership in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), a group of countries, led by China, is said to have blocked India’s application to become a member of the elite grouping that controls transfer of nuclear technology.

Thursday started on an optimistic note for India, as Mexican President Pena Nieto, with Prime Minister Narendra Modi by his side in Mexico City, said, “As a country, we are going to be positively and constructively supporting India’s request in recognition of the commitment by Prime Minister Modi to the international agenda of disarmament and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons.”

Modi thanked President Nieto “for Mexico’s positive and constructive support for India’s membership of the NSG”.

The expression of support, coming within a week of Switzerland’s, was reiterated by Mexico’s foreign ministry, which said that “President Pena declared that Mexico would give positive and constructive support to the membership of India in the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), recognising the commitment of India to the disarmament and non-proliferation agenda”.

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Mexico has held a strong position on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation for years, and was instrumental in forging the 1967 Treaty of Tlatelolco, which declared Latin America and the Caribbean as a zone free of nuclear weapons.

But as the day rolled into night, and the NSG’s extraordinary plenary meeting took place in Vienna, sources said that “most countries appear positive” but it’s “an ongoing process” — an oblique reference to the China-led blocking of the Indian application.

With the Vienna meeting over, India will now focus on the “hold-out countries” in the next few weeks, with an official saying that they were “cautiously optimistic” on the way forward.

The NSG plenary in Seoul will take place on June 23-24. “The Vienna meeting was a pre-Seoul vetting process… it will be important to watch which countries raise concerns,” a source told The Indian Express.

According to Reuters, diplomats in Vienna confirmed that China was leading the opposition to India’s entry, along with New Zealand, Ireland, Turkey, South Africa and Austria.

“By bringing India on board, it’s a slap in the face of the entire non-proliferation regime,” a diplomatic source from a country resisting India’s push was quoted as saying by the agency.

According to reports, China’s strategy is that it will not support India’s case unless Pakistan becomes a member. But that would be unacceptable to many NSG countries, considering Pakistan’s track record on nuclear proliferation — after all, A Q Khan, considered the father of its nuclear programme sold nuclear technology to other countries, including North Korea and Iran.

“China, if anything, is hardening (its position),” another diplomat was quoted as saying by Reuters.

Most of the hold-outs oppose the idea of admitting a non-NPT state and argue that if it is to be admitted, it should be under criteria that apply equally to all states rather than under a “tailor-made” solution for a US ally.

Bloomberg news agency, meanwhile, reported that US Secretary of State John Kerry has written a letter to countries asking them to support India.

Kerry’s letter, according to the report, said, “India has shown strong support for the objectives of the NSG and the global nuclear nonproliferation regime and is a ‘like-minded’ state deserving of NSG admission.”

To sweeten the deal, Kerry has also hinted that India would be willing to cooperate with Pakistan’s application in his letter. “With respect to other possible new members of the NSG, Indian officials have stated that India would take a merit-based approach to such applications and would not be influenced by extraneous regional issues,” he wrote.

Tanvi Madan, director of The India Project at the Brookings Institution, said the right approach would be “to work on China, while also trying to get everyone else on board”.

“Both India and the US will work on getting China on board, but simultaneously the idea is to get to a point where China might be the only holdout — in the past, it hasn’t liked to be the only one standing out and the message from India will be: do you really want to be the only one standing against this; think of the impact on not just the Indian elite but public, especially combined with the UN terrorist designation issue.”

Reflecting on the Chinese-led opposition in NSG, Teresita C Schaffer, a non-resident senior fellow at Brookings Institution, told The Indian Express, “In 2008, India got a waiver from the NSG after months of intense high-pressure diplomacy by the US and India. The strategy was to get everyone but China on board, and then push China.”

According to Schaffer, who has served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for the Near East and South Asia, “What is getting lost is the fact that including India makes the NSG goal of controlling nuclear exports more achievable than it is today. That should matter to the other holdouts and even to China if they thought about it.”

Alyssa Ayres, senior fellow at Council on Foreign Relations, The Indian Express, “The NSG is a 48-member regime that takes decisions on a consensus basis. That means that even one dissenting member can hold up a decision. So having Switzerland and Mexico committed gives India two more vital votes — every single vote matters in a consensus decision process.”

Ayres, who served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary at the US State Department said, “The US has been committed to supporting Indian membership in the NSG. I’m certain that US diplomats are working hard to persuade China of India’s case.”

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  1. Y
    Yakobi
    Jun 10, 2016 at 4:26 am
    Very hindu fabricated story, one living by hind crime of hinduism racism by faith has, no other way to be treated but , just like his victim, taken as a slave to free his victims, or be slaughtered to impose justice of human equality.
    Reply
    1. Y
      Yakobi
      Jun 10, 2016 at 4:27 am
      hinduism fabrication of hindu crooked of historical proportions, no innocent was touched, but hindus rap ist of their own mo thers and sisiters to promote hinduism racism by faith, read book of master promoter of hinduism racism by faith, hindu ra ppist of his baby sister, called ram. There is no good hindu criminal living, but a dead hindu criminal on payer of fire.
      Reply
      1. Y
        Yakobi
        Jun 10, 2016 at 4:23 am
        hinduism fabrication of hindu crooked of historical proportions, no innocent was touched, but hindus rap ist of their own mo thers and sisiters to promote hinduism racism by faith, read book of master promoter of hinduism racism by faith, hindu ra ppist of his baby sister, called ram. There is no good hindu criminal living, but a dead hindu criminal on payer of fire.
        Reply
        1. J
          John
          Jun 10, 2016 at 1:19 am
          Great Job, we have the Chinese communists on a BACKFOOT for the first time in 50 years..almost.lt;br/gt;- India: Use this momentum and advantage; develop soft power in China like in Afghanistan. Almost 20% ( official estimate but even more) of Chinese are Buddhists and have a very positive opinion of India, due to origin of BUDDHISM. It is only the communists in China who take the hard line. With religious control, somewhat reduced, when compared to 10 years ago, send our Buddhist monks and slowly develop ground support….Soft power.lt;br/gt;- KUDOS to Indian Diplomats and Government for crafting such a multi faceted strategy, really proud of you guys.lt;br/gt;- Another good move from Indian Govt., is the tariffs and anti-dumping investigations on Chinese goods…this is a good move since Chinese Economy is really in Shambles…..we can see it among common people too….who invest heavily in Stock Market,,just like people in USA and have lost tons of money.
          Reply
          1. J
            John
            Jun 10, 2016 at 2:00 am
            My dear Yakobi: the cab driver from New York time to meet your maker and your brethren is getting near. Donald Trump is the Republican nominee and he will win to become POTUS. He will then take support of Hinjews and make sure you guys meet your maker. When you go there you will think 16 virgins are waiting for you but it will be 16 Virginians(Americans) waiting with 32 boots to kick you on your rear. Then you will pray to be a Hinjew in your next life to avoid getting kicked by 32 boots of Virginians…..the wait is getting shorter….Your rear will be pulp..shortly.
            Reply
            1. A
              adeel mirza
              Jun 10, 2016 at 6:33 am
              tum khud ek nenderthal ki aulad ho kaminay, y r u taunting their religion? r u mad? is this ur mom has taught u?
              Reply
              1. H
                Hrithik
                Jun 10, 2016 at 2:54 am
                Every RTI regarding foreign travel expenses is stonewalled. As Delhi CM said, PMO has become a travel agency.
                Reply
                1. H
                  Hrithik
                  Jun 10, 2016 at 2:44 am
                  nuclear technology is not going to reduce poverty and neither it will take us to the path of security and development. health, education and research - basics should be our priority.
                  Reply
                  1. G
                    Geetika
                    Jun 10, 2016 at 5:12 am
                    Nuclear Technology helps electrify villages faster and efficiently. That should be a worthy cause for you.
                    Reply
                    1. B
                      BharatK
                      Jun 10, 2016 at 8:27 am
                      Please IGNORE Yakobi the bot. Please do not reply to a bot.
                      Reply
                      1. K
                        Kameng Dorjee
                        Jun 10, 2016 at 7:35 pm
                        China will ALWAYS be in India's way, it is using stan as a proxy against India, just as stan is using Islamic terrorists! As long as stan and China exist, it will be hard for India but not impossible. The Chinese have forgotten India's support to their UN membership, thanks to Nehru ( a very stupid move ). China is jealous and very anxious as India's influence grows in its neighborhood ie Central Asia and South East Asia.
                        Reply
                        1. K
                          Kameng Dorjee
                          Jun 10, 2016 at 7:39 pm
                          Your comments reflect your hatred for Non-Muslims esp Hindus and expose the true mindset of Muslim people of Indian Subcontinent! This is what you are taught in your mosques! Keep on abusing us and keep on exposing your religion and ideology! Thanks!
                          Reply
                          1. M
                            Mayur Panghaal
                            Jun 10, 2016 at 2:09 am
                            As usual feku fooling India.Wothout chinas approval ,no membership is possible.which leaves just one reason for fekus travels-- picnic at our expense.Details are also coming out how fekus gang in usa lobbied hard for getting modi to address US congress.lt;br/gt;Once a feku....always a feku
                            Reply
                            1. S
                              Sunny D
                              Jun 10, 2016 at 3:50 am
                              lol. at least, now we Indians know where our PM is going, and what his achievements are post visit. This was unknown of in the congress era. I'd happily let Mr. Modi spend my tax money to bring other nations onboard for NSG. India's future depends on it. We (India) has everything we need like intelligence, man power, motivation and ambitions. Only thing we lack is energy! add that to the equation, and you see miracles happen.
                              Reply
                              1. S
                                Sunny D
                                Jun 10, 2016 at 3:52 am
                                on an additional note, that is precisely what China and stan are afraid of. India's Energy Crisis is sees by them as their advantage!
                                Reply
                                1. K
                                  Kartik Paliwal
                                  Jun 10, 2016 at 3:00 am
                                  And those things require energy. You can't do research having millions without electricity. Other sources can't be the stem of power requirements.
                                  Reply
                                  1. K
                                    Kartik Paliwal
                                    Jun 10, 2016 at 3:04 am
                                    Well u have your opinion but getting key members onboard will help in future approaches. And unfortunately we don't have anyone better than this feku. the opposition will give u Rahul hi
                                    Reply
                                    1. R
                                      Rahul
                                      Jun 10, 2016 at 4:22 am
                                      Mayur, did you think if you go to US with your lame @rse they will let you address the US congress? Lobbying is the way things work in USA. That's how India got civil nuclear deal. After years of lobbying using Indian influential lobbyists and wealthy fundraisers who fund both parties and senators. And what quality do you have to call a man who represents India a feku? What have you done for people to call someone with a great vision and conviction a feku? Regarding the traveling, hope you haven't forgot congress elected ex president pratibha patil traveled and squandered millions of tax payers money for nothing and tried to build a mansion in Maharashtra. All leaders including pappu going to exile and madam going for medical treatments frequently on tax payers expense even though India has best hospitals and treatments available. Here modi is going for a worthy cause as a representative of state pushing country's agenda. If you don't have a job to do other than wasting time here then why don't you dig a and bury yourself in?
                                      Reply
                                      1. R
                                        Rahul
                                        Jun 10, 2016 at 4:06 am
                                        Then films, mobile phones, TVs, Computers won't reduce poverty. Should government give away free money to the poor? Want to create a welfare system like the one that led to the disaster of EU and UK? Nuclear technology could help us reduce the dependence on hydro electric and coal based power generation. Do you still want India to be in 80s and 90s when your homes don't have power for hours during a hot summer?
                                        Reply
                                        1. R
                                          Rahul
                                          Jun 10, 2016 at 4:23 am
                                          Then what would you call Pratibha Patil? Thomas Cook Enterprises?
                                          Reply
                                          1. R
                                            Rahul
                                            Jun 10, 2016 at 4:09 am
                                            Your people were very civilized while cutting off heads of innocent men and raping innocent girls because they don't respect your holy kitab. Neanderthals would have been ashamed of things they are doing if they were here to witness it.
                                            Reply
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