Rainfall activity over most parts of the country picked up in the third week of June, as had been forecast, but India still had a deficiency of about 17 per cent as on Friday from the normal. This is an improvement from the previous week when the deficiency was 25 per cent.
By Friday, the country as a whole had received 85.5 mm rainfall while the normal for this time is 103.8 mm. Northwest India, which is yet to be covered by the monsoon entirely, and southern peninsula have received more than normal rainfall, while central India and east and northeast India have got below normal rainfall till now.
Central India, comprising of parts of Maharashtra, MP, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and UP, have been the driest so far. It has a deficiency of 37 per cent, while north and northeast India, together, have a deficiency of 25 per cent.
In the past one week, the monsoon advanced to cover most of the country, including southern Gujarat, parts of west MP, east UP, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and J&K.
The only places where the monsoon rains are still awaited are parts of west MP, the entire western Uttar Pradesh, most of Haryana, Delhi, Punjab and east Rajasthan. The Met office said these regions are likely to start getting rainfall by the middle of the coming week.
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The deficiency over central India is likely to end soon, Met officials say. The monsoon is seen gaining in strength in the next few days, and central India and peninsular India is expected to get normal to above normal rainfall till July 10. Rainfall activity is likely to increase over east India and northeast India from July 1.
Northwest India is expected to have fairly widespread rainfall activity from Sunday. A strong Madden Julian Oscillation (MJO), which results in increased rainfall activity over south and central India, is also nearing the Indian subcontinent. It is currently placed in eastern Indian Ocean. MJO is an eastward moving disturbance of wind, cloud and pressure that brings as it circles the earth around the equator.
So far, the monsoon season has been along expected lines. The Met office had predicted subdued rainfall in the first half of June while the second half was supposed to have relatively good rainfall. For the third week, the deficiency has been just seven per cent, while it was 25 per cent for the first two weeks put together.