Less than 6 in 10 tuberculosis cases reported in India: WHO

Report says cases under-reported, revises incidents from estimated 22 lakh to 29 lakh in 2014

Written by Anuradha Mascarenhas | Pune | Updated: October 15, 2016 4:06 am
tuberculosis, TB deaths, tuberculosis deaths reduced, world health organisation, global tuberculosis, health news, who report, TB death report, India news A doctor examines a tuberculosis patient in a government TB hospital. (Source: AP Photo)

THERE WERE 28 lakh tuberculosis (TB) incident cases reported in India last year and 29 lakh in 2014, against the 22 lakh that was earlier estimated for 2014, according to the World Health Organization’s global TB report for 2016.

According to the updated estimate, 4.78 lakh people died of TB (excluding HIV-positive people) in India in 2015, and 4.83 lakh died in 2014. The 2015 global TB report had estimated the 2014 death figure at 2.2 lakh.

The WHO also reported that six countries accounted for 60 per cent of new cases: India, Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa. Emphasising that TB cases in India are hugely under-reported, the report said that only 56 per cent cases were officially reported across the country in 2014, and 59 per cent cases in 2015.

National TB Control Programme deputy director general Dr Sunil Khaparde said that the aggregate numbers have increased since more cases are being reported. Notified TB cases increased from 2013 to 2015, mostly due to a 34-per cent increase in notifications in India, it was informed. Khaparde told The Indian Express that although the mandatory notification policy was introduced in 2012, and proportion of cases notified by the private sector has increased, many still do not report cases.

In 2015, there were an estimated 4.80 lakh new cases of multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and an additional 1 lakh people with rifampicin-resistant TB (RR-TB), the report said. India, China and Russia accounted for 45 per cent of the combined total cases, according to the WHO report. In 2015, 61 lakh new tuberculosis cases were notified to national authorities and reported to the WHO.

According to the report, there were an estimated 1.04 crore new (incident) TB cases worldwide in 2015. There were an estimated 14 lakh deaths due to TB, and an additional 4 lakh deaths resulting from TB disease among people living with HIV. The report said that TB treatment averted 4.9 crore deaths globally between 2000 and 2015, but important diagnostic and treatment gaps persist.

Dr Madhukar Pai, director, McGill Global Health programme, Canada, said that higher TB estimates from India reflect the underlying reality. “India ignored TB patients for a long time in the private sector, and national prevalence and drug resistance surveys were not done,” Pai said. “The Indian TB programme is also heavily reliant on insensitive diagnostic tools such as sputum smears that miss many TB cases.”

As for India, Pai said the “message is clear: acknowledge the reality, collect better data on true burden of tuberculosis deaths and drug resistance, and allocate greater funding to tackle this huge problem.”

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    arvind
    Oct 15, 2016 at 9:28 am
    See, all foolsh Indians... see, look and think, 4.78 lakh persons died of reported TB without HIV, in India in 2015..!!!! Think.. now compare how many die in terrorist attacks??/..What is the biggest terrorist??????Burhan Wani or Mycobacterium tuberculosis? What is a biiggest problem TB or Kashmir???????But foolish people of India are supersticiously favouring Fenku Modi on Surgical strikes,,,,,no one asks him what is doing to eradicate TB..lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Through the hard and sincere work of earlier PMs like ABV and MMS, Polio has been eradicated. Polio virus was a biiger terrorist than Afzal guru... and this terrorist has been wiped off.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Open your eyes and think... that most of the TB patients are poor people.....Govt of India is wasting billions of rupees on army but refrain from even think about TB.. because it is the poor people who suffer the most......and the chamcha or rich brahmin establishment Mr Modi,, never talks about such issues.. He is going to UP.. but he has no scheme for UP and the poor peoples of UP.......he will only talk about Pak Border and Ram Mandir!!.lt;br/gt;Look Donkeys, Fools and Mules like me..look.....Britishers were correct partly when they used to day Dogs and Indians are not allowed, because they knew... Indian people did not take any lesson from the war ridden experience of Britain and France. At least go and read their history so that you can choose better leaders!!!lt;br/gt;Foolish fellows.......think again........at least in the coming elections... put your fingers on NOTA button!!lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Think
    Reply
    1. G
      George
      Oct 15, 2016 at 6:34 am
      World Health Organisation's report of the rise in tuberculosis lt;br/gt; before that check the kist of bacteria and ociated being on earth rather than searching in human.lt;br/gt; in yogurtandoq=bactiriya in yogurtandaqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.7076j0j8andsourceid=chromeandie=UTF-8#q=bacteria in yogurtlt;br/gt;Image result for bacteria in yogurtlt;br/gt;Introductionlt;br/gt;Yogurt Bacteria Species You Might Find Listed Genus and Species Name of the Bacterialt;br/gt;"S. thermophilus" Streptococcus thermophiluslt;br/gt;"L. bulgaricus" Lactobacillus bulgaricuslt;br/gt;"L. acidophilus" Lactobacillus acidophiluslt;br/gt;"L. casei" Lactobacillus casei
      Reply
      1. G
        George
        Oct 15, 2016 at 6:35 am
        World Health Organisation's report of the rise in tuberculosis lt;br/gt; check the list of bactiria ociated with anumals, othere speceies and plants or tree they consume before waste fund in human beings,lt;br/gt; in yogurtandoq=bactiriya in yogurtandaqs=chrome..69i57j0l5.7076j0j8andsourceid=chromeandie=UTF-8#q=bacteria in yogurtlt;br/gt;Image result for bacteria in yogurtlt;br/gt;Introductionlt;br/gt;Yogurt Bacteria Species You Might Find Listed Genus and Species Name of the Bacterialt;br/gt;"S. thermophilus" Streptococcus thermophiluslt;br/gt;"L. bulgaricus" Lactobacillus bulgaricuslt;br/gt;"L. acidophilus" Lactobacillus acidophiluslt;br/gt;"L. casei" Lactobacillus casei
        Reply