Ahead of the third India-Africa Forum summit next week, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday said India and Africa — which constitute one-third of the global population — must “speak in one voice” for the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) reforms.
Responding to a question from African journalists, the PM — in a written interview — said, “The world is undergoing political, economic and technological transition on a scale rarely seen in recent history. We have four times as many member countries in the United Nations as we had at its inception. Awareness of rights and aspirations for progress is more widespread now. Global power is more distributed. We live in a digitally networked world which is changing the character of the global economy.”
“Yet the global order, its institutions and our mindsets continue to reflect the circumstances that existed at the end of the last World War. These institutions have served us well, but they must be reformed in order to remain effective and relevant in the new era. If global institutions and systems do not adapt, they risk irrelevance. We might have a more fragmented world and our collective ability to deal with the challenges and changes of our era will also be weakened,” he said.
That is why, he said, India advocates reforms in global political, economic and security institutions. “They must become more democratic, inclusive and representative of our world. No institution will have that character today, if it does not give voice to Africa or the world’s largest democracy, constituting one-sixth of humanity. That is why we ask for reforms of the UNSC and global financial institutions. India and Africa, constituting one-third of the global population, must continue to speak in one voice for these reforms,” the PM said.
At the summit, he said the objective is to deepen the spirit of partnership and strengthen international solidarity and expand cooperation.
“When I look at the Africa’s vision for itself, captured so eloquently in Agenda 2063 document, I believe that our development goals and international aspirations are closely aligned. This will be the foundation of our partnership in the years ahead,” the PM said.
“We will also address key challenges of our times, including food, health and environmental security. We will create conditions that stimulate trade and investment flows between our countries. We will work together to address the problems of climate change. We will explore new areas like a sustainable Blue Economy. Our initiatives will aim to use the power of science and technology, space science and the networked world to transform lives,” the PM said.