Health Minister JP Nadda Thursday launched the National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME) 2016-2030, which outlines the country’s strategy for elimination of the disease by 2030.
“This framework has been developed with a vision to eliminate malaria from the country and contribute to improved health and quality of life and alleviation of poverty,” said the health minister during the launch. The document lays down the roadmap for advocating and planning malaria elimination in the country in a phased manner.
The incidence of malaria in the country is at 0.08% in a population of nearly 1.25 billion. In 2015, 1.13 million cases (provisional figures) were reported. Deaths due to malaria also declined from 1,005 in 2001 to 562 in 2014. In 2015, the reported number of deaths stood at 287 (provisional figures).
Overall, in the last 10 years, total malaria cases declined by 42 per cent, from 1.92 million in 2004 to 1.1 million in 2014 combined with a 40.8 per cent decline in malaria-related deaths from 949 to 562. At present, 80 per cent of malaria cases occur among 20 per cent of population classified as “high risk”, although 82 per cent of the country’s population lives in malaria transmission-risk areas. These high-risk populations are found in 200 districts of Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, MP, Maharashtra, Odisha, West Bengal and the Northeast.