Confusing history with myth: Why ICHR should stick to history

Scholars have written copiously on the foolishness of discounting the role that myths play in understanding life and society, and the value of fiction, stories and tales passed on.

Written by Seema Chishti | New Delhi | Updated: August 18, 2016 8:38 pm

In legendary historian DD Kosambi’s excellent work on ancient India titled ‘Myth and Reality’ (1962), he writes about his essays, almost as if for 2016 India; “they are based upon the collation of field-work with literary evidence. Indian critics, whose patriotism outstrips their grasp of reality are sure to express annoyance or derision at the misplaced emphasis..”

Broadly defined as a story of the past, history has come to mean much more. In a society which is so diverse, it has often come to mean very different things to different people. History is a story that needs to be told cautiously sometimes but nevertheless must be told, taught and studied.

The bid of the Indian Council for Historical Research (ICHR) to announce that it is now going down the route of collecting detailed “folklore”, “custom” and “only documenting what is heard”, about the very distant past, appears fraught with monumental issues.

Scholars have written copiously on the foolishness of discounting the role that myths play in understanding life and society, and the value of fiction, stories and tales passed on. To be unmindful of prevalent legends would leave us the poorer in comprehending much harder material truths. But problems begin, when legends, myths and history are all sought to be confused.

The function of recording, teaching or studying History, is surely to learn lessons from the past, to be familiar with compatriots, to learn and unlearn about other lives, or at least that is the purpose we hope history serves for us, when taught in schools and beyond.

Historiography is serious and contested terrain but ground rules about what constitutes evidence and what hearsay suggests that it is very important that the difference be maintained.

There is no harm therefore in knowing about myths and legends, but to be able to tell clearly what a piece of pottery, jewellery, a grave or a monument or cooking utensils tell you about people long gone before us should be a priority in a vast and old civilisation like ours.

History is more important, when governments are involved in writing (and rewriting) textbooks. Textbooks being among the most useful ammunition to control young minds. The1980s phase in our neighbouring state of Pakistan survives uptil today in dangerously altered textbooks, or how history is studied in middle-schools. A recent project by two Pakistani scholars, Qasim Aslam and Ayyaz Ahmed, studies how differently Indian and Pakistani textbooks, learn about exactly the same facts. Not that India has got it all right, but the necessity of feeding myths to Pakistan was such a dominant idea there, that History was firmly pushed out of the frame.

Myths, being privileged over history writing, have been known to serve a useful political purpose. The myth of Aryan supremacy would have been a useful account to spin support for the Nazi view of the world in its time. When the ‘superiority’ of White-skinned plunderers in Africa had to be established, myths and legends, hearsay and anecdotes over years would have been a useful tool to establish why it was the way things should be. Which of us has not heard a story whispered at a monument which says the exact opposite of what we have known to be a recorded fact about the monument/area/people?

If only to avoid history from repeating itself, either as tragedy or a farce, it may be well worth the while of institutions like ICHR, tasked with serious historical research to do exactly that. Myths have a place, but for India to have a functional present and future, they must not be confused with history.

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First Published on: August 18, 2016 7:40 pm
  1. A
    Ali
    Aug 18, 2016 at 10:43 pm
    Such a long hotch potch article. Don't make any sense.
    Reply
    1. D
      David
      Aug 18, 2016 at 10:47 pm
      Last time I saw was Muslims Sunni divided India. They opposed United Hindustan. They got their own land. They macred millions in 1947 and 1971. They attacked India in many terrorists attacks. So are now Sunni Muslims who joined RSS?
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      1. W
        Who knows
        Aug 18, 2016 at 10:49 pm
        May be Mohammed is still there with his 13 legal wives and many spaces. Or may be Pope is molesting kids there as missionaries do under the nailed Jesus idol.
        Reply
        1. A
          A Bedi
          Aug 18, 2016 at 10:41 pm
          She is not even worth f$$$g even if she spread her legs 180 degrees.
          Reply
          1. V
            vidya
            Aug 18, 2016 at 4:49 pm
            A myth is defined as a widely held idea which is false. The traditional stories of India cannot be dismissed as false. Satellite images have shown as true many things that were dismissed as myths by leftists, like the Ram setu, Dwarka and Saraswati river. The knowledge contained in the stories must survive.
            Reply
            1. V
              vishwajeet
              Aug 18, 2016 at 5:56 pm
              whatever leftist "bark" it is always a realty to them. Even after 70 years of independence and near extinction they have not changed their mindset.
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              1. N
                Nishant
                Aug 18, 2016 at 4:02 pm
                Wow. As if we didn't know how and what "a piece of pottery, jewellery, a grave or a monument or cooking utensils" tell us about civilizations. No madam, but we also know that a clique of dubious historians totally hijacked the Indian history project to serve left agenda. In the process they were careful to read only what they wanted, understand only how they liked it, and support only which suited the agenda. What about that?
                Reply
                1. M
                  Mohan
                  Aug 18, 2016 at 6:43 pm
                  Will the writer through the IE tell its readers why the TAJ MAHAL has several rooms kept locked and no visitors are allowed ?
                  Reply
                  1. M
                    mlpandit
                    Aug 18, 2016 at 4:00 pm
                    The ICHR and Indian historians must first acknowledge that historians of invaders and Kings accounts are not fiction?
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                    1. N
                      NM
                      Aug 18, 2016 at 3:29 pm
                      Why Hindu history is myth and so is not other religions ? Show me how horses can fly? lt;br/gt;This is Colonial thinking. All Seemas/Habibs have become fat by these fodder. Why they cant accept alternate view?
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                      1. P
                        Prakash
                        Aug 18, 2016 at 7:44 pm
                        --------------------------------------------------- lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;RSS/BJP OPPOSED INDIA FOR 70 YEARS. lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;CONGRESS SAVED US FROM RSS/BJP.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;---------------------------------------------------------lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;RSS/BJP OPPOSED :lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;consution,lt;br/gt;Our National Flag,lt;br/gt;Equal rights for women,lt;br/gt;equal rights for dalits,lt;br/gt;computers and technology,lt;br/gt; pro development economic reforms,lt;br/gt;Englishlt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;GST, lt;br/gt;FDI, lt;br/gt;Land bill, lt;br/gt;Nuclear Deal,lt;br/gt;MNREGA, lt;br/gt;Aadhar,lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt; and numerous policies that they are now trying to p themselves and take credit for.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;If RSS BJP had its way india wOuld have been hindu version of stan.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;Now RSS traitors are trying to destroy india again.lt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;.
                        Reply
                        1. P
                          Prakash
                          Aug 18, 2016 at 7:39 pm
                          RSS has destro india by feeding conspiracies to dumb morons and now MAJORITY Indians have to tolerate with this.
                          Reply
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                            Prakash
                            Aug 18, 2016 at 7:40 pm
                            RSS traitors supported British. No one cares fir your conspiracies.
                            Reply
                            1. D
                              David
                              Aug 18, 2016 at 4:29 pm
                              The Muslims invaders were barbaric and brutal. They looted India, raped Hindu women, converted Hindus forcibly. They brought culture of intolerance and backwardness. These are historical facts that the Marxist have failed to publish. We don't want Marxist version of history. Indian primordial history is more then hundred thousand years old. Five thousand years figure, before Christ after Christ is Western myth. Indian and Chinese and also pre Islamic history does come under it. There was history before Islam. We need to learn about it.
                              Reply
                              1. R
                                rkannan
                                Aug 18, 2016 at 5:09 pm
                                While I can understand and agree with the principle of the article, let us not overlook the issue that many historians have refused to accept alternate interpretations. A clic example relates to the age of the Indus Valley Civilisation and the Rig Veda. For the last two decades, historians (especially of the left leaning variety) refused to accept archeological and other scientific evidence which connected the Indus Valley civilisation to Rig Veda times. Recently, IIT Kahragpur found, by scientific tests, that the two were approximately at the same time. Gene pool testing of Indians are conclusively proved that the Aryan invasion theory was a myth and only good for Hitler's propoa. Similarly, scientific evidence shows that Ram Sethu was probably constructed and there is no real evidence that it is natural. There may be some elements of fantasy in the myths but just to disregard them is as bad as accepting myths as history.
                                Reply
                                1. S
                                  SP
                                  Oct 8, 2016 at 6:39 am
                                  Modern Historians have taken somewhat extreme view when it comes to Indian history. Any History before Ashoka Pillars they call its as myth and completely disregard it as myth instead of trying to decipher history from nuanced reading of ancient sources. Not everything written is history not not everything is myth. It needs to be studied with archaeological findings, comparative studies across cultures and so on. The w account of Aryan invasion has been blindly accepted by Indian historian even when majority of conclusions are speculative with incomplete reading of ancient Indian accounts. To even say something with authority, Indian historians and media have to be well-versed with Sanskrit. They disputed existence of Sarasvati river but ISRO remote sensing data has validated it. In fact many western scholars have made an honest and rigorous effort to study ancient India irrespective of their motives and conclusions. Our scholars have been more political. They even done damage by lying that Ramayana may happened in Iran.
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                                    Prateik
                                    Aug 18, 2016 at 3:47 pm
                                    Mohmmad was a myth..Terrorism is a reality.
                                    Reply
                                    1. V
                                      vs
                                      Aug 18, 2016 at 5:49 pm
                                      Do not understand why IE is so anti india?80% of your articles try to run down Indian culture and real indian history.You seem to be slaves and boot lickers of anti indian forces.Shameful.
                                      Reply
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