Communal incidents: Home and NCRB fail to tally

According to NCRB, there were 1,227 “communal riots” in 2014, almost twice the 644 “incidents” that we cited by Rijiju.

Written by Deeptiman Tiwary | New Delhi | Updated: December 2, 2015 3:55 am
Kiren Rijiju, Lok Sabha, rising intolerance, india rising intolerance, intolerance, intolerance debate, communal incidents, communal riots, National Crime Records Bureau, NCRB, communal riots, india news Kiren Rijiju

With a rider that communal incidents are not a reflection of rising intolerance in the country and that there were more communal incidents in 2013 when UPA was in power, the government released figures Tuesday on such incidents. Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju said in the Lok Sabha that 2014 had seen 644 incidents, followed by 650 till October in 2015.

Curiously, data on “communal riots” collated by National Crime Records Bureau, which runs under the home ministry, is at great variance with the data on “communal incidents” Rijiju cited. According to NCRB, there were 1,227 “communal riots” in 2014, almost twice the 644 “incidents” that we cited by Rijiju.

Data on communal incidents are taken from states and compiled by the ministry’s human rights division. Even NCRB takes data from states and compiles centrally. NCRB’s 2014 data marks the first time the agency has compiled figures under a separate head of “communal riots”.

Rijiju attempted to distance communal incidents from the perception of intolerance. “Although it has been brought out in various forums, the prevailing communal situation in the country does not indicate existence of alleged intolerance in the country.” He said that in 2013, when the UPA was in power, there were 823 incidents.

The difference between the data is stark state by state too. According to NCRB data, UP witnessed 51 communal riots in 2014 but Rijiju’s data shows 133 communal incidents. In the NCRB data, Jharkhand is the worst state with 349 communal riots while the home ministry lists only 10 communal incidents. In Maharashtra, however, the two sets of data converge, with NCRB counting 99 to the ministry’s 97.

It was not clear why there were such vast differences. A source in NCRB said their data collection is scientific.
“It is based on FIRs filed by police in cases of rioting of communal nature. Wherever relevant sections are invoked in the FIR, such cases are compiled the agency,” said the NCRB official.

A home ministry official said their data is based on the number of incidents provided by each state. Collection of such data is done periodically throughout the year. The ministry also gets reports on communal incidents from the intelligence bureau.

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  1. R
    Dec 2, 2015 at 5:10 am
    Why hasnt shameless IE till now reported on the attack on Lokmat's offices by jihadis including a CONgress MLA for publishing a cartoon?? Other than NDTV, DNA and Zee not one other pressute bothered to report. I am not even asking beggars like Aaamir Khan an CONparty men, because they are known hypocrites.
    1. B
      Bijan Mohanty
      Dec 2, 2015 at 11:39 am
      The present govt. is under strong suion of maniting sensitive records to project better state of affairs. That Home and NCRB figures do not tally is no surprise .
      1. M
        Me Marathi
        Dec 2, 2015 at 5:43 am
        Please watch the video of " Dutch orchestra walks out ..." in Netherlands !!
        1. Shamsul
          Dec 2, 2015 at 10:38 am
          The swayamsevaks of RSS functioning as rulers of India are master manitors. This report shows that they have tailored the communal incidents data as per their political convenience to hide the fact of increased violence against minorities since Modi government came to power. It is not only violence against minorities which has galloped but also violence against Dalits.