Cauvery water dispute: All you need to know

Cauvery Horata Samiti, the organisation which has been at the forefront of issue in Karnataka, called for a statewide 'bandh' leading to violent protests by farmers.

By: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: September 7, 2016 1:16 pm
Cauvery, Kaveri, Cauvery protest, Kaveri protests, news, cauvery supreme court, cauvery sc order, sc order cauvery, karnataka, tamil nadu, Supreme Court had also directed Tamil Nadu to approach the supervisory committee within three days for the release of Cauvery water. (File Photo)

The Cauvery water dispute, which has been a bone of contention between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu for decades now, has again led to violence in the region after Supreme Court pronounced its order on Monday. The court has directed Karnataka state government to release 15,000 cusecs of Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu for the next 10 days in an attempt to save the samba crops.

Cauvery Horata Samiti, the organisation which has been at the forefront of issue in Karnataka, called for a statewide ‘bandh’ leading to violent protests by farmers. The protests have affected public transport facilities, schools, colleges and government offices in Mandya.

The Cauvery water dispute has influenced the politics of the region for long with parties stirring emotions of people as the river has a deep cultural, economic and religious significance for them. This, in turn, led to a situation where the public opinion became more rigid with time making it even difficult for the political outfits to find a common ground.

What is the dispute?

The Cauvery basin covers a large expanse of land including major chunks in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and also smaller areas in Kerala and Puducherry. Initially, the dispute was between Karnataka and TN but later Kerala and Puducherry also entered the fray. The issue dates back to 1892 when an agreement was filed between Madras Presidency and Mysore for arbitration but led to a fresh set of disputes. Later, attempts were renewed to arbitrate between the two states under supervision of Government of India and second agreement was signed in 1924.

WATCH VIDEO: Cauvery Water Dispute: Why Karnataka & Tamil Nadu Have Failed To Find Solutions

 

Post-Independence efforts

As Kerala and Puducherry also laid claim on share of Cauvery water after India attained Independence, a Fact Finding Committee was set-up in 1970 to figure out the situation on ground. The committee submitted its report in 1972 and further studies were done by expert committee and the states reached at an agreement in 1976. However, after a new government came to power in Tamil Nadu, it refused to give a consent to terms of agreement paving way for further dispute.

Later in 1986, Tamil Nadu government appealed the Central government to constitute a tribunal for solving the issue under Inter-State Water Disputes Act, 1956. However, the tribunal was not set-up until Supreme Court took cognizance of the matter and ordered the Central government to do so in 1990. The Cauvery Waters Tribunal was constituted on June, 2, 1990.

After 16 years of hearing and an interim order, the Tribunal announced its final order in 2007 allocating 419 tmc ft water to Tamil Nadu and 270 tmc ft to Karnataka. Kerala was given 30 tmc ft and Puducherry got 7 tmc ft. The Tribunal had come to a conclusion that total availability of water in Cauvery basin stood at 740 tmc ft. However, both Tamil Nadu and Karnataka filed a review petition before the Tribunal.

In 2012, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, as chairman of Cauvery River Authority, directed the Karnataka government to release 9,000 cusecs of water daily. The Supreme Court slammed state government as it failed to comply with the order. The government offered an unconditional apology and started the release of water leading to widespread violent protests.

However, the issue kept troubling the region as Karnataka stopped release of water again and Tamil Nadu government led by Chief Minister J Jayalalithaa decided to sue the Karnataka government for contempt of court. With the Karnataka government continuously failing to release the water to Tamil Nadu, Chief Minister Jayalithaa filed an interlocutory petition in the Supreme Court in August, 2016 seeking release of water as per guidelines of Cauvery Tribunal. Announcing its verdict in the case, the SC has now directed Karnataka government to release 15,000 cusecs of water to its neighboring state for 10 days.

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  1. D
    Deepak R
    Sep 17, 2016 at 3:01 am
    As expected the article is one sided supporting TN.
    Reply
    1. K
      Kannadiga
      Sep 7, 2016 at 1:44 pm
      Ur guys also doesn't have skill and that's the reason, they are unable to promote job in their own state. Running and coming for Bangalore...
      Reply
      1. K
        Kannadiga
        Sep 7, 2016 at 1:45 pm
        Ur people are coming to Bangalore for begging... If you that much of strategy create business center in your own place and ask ur beggars not to come and beg here.
        Reply
        1. A
          arjun
          Sep 6, 2016 at 6:23 pm
          you die, all tamilians will come back!! lol
          Reply
          1. S
            sharath
            Sep 6, 2016 at 2:09 pm
            What is produced in Karnataka belongs to them. When I myself dying from thirst, you cannot expect me to handover my water bottle to somebody else. Many areas in Karnataka do not have drinking water. So EXTREMELY PARTIAL CENTER and s and buffoon politicians from Karnataka created the present scenario, where even when we die of thirst, we are supposed to give water to Tamils. Center be it congress or otherwise, always ANTI-KARNATAKA. Also it does not help that Karnataka is represented by cowards and s and simpletons who do not raise their voice for the sake of their state, but instead keep on looting, looting looting.
            Reply
            1. I
              Irudayarab Rajan
              Sep 14, 2016 at 4:18 am
              Even if you get 1 lit it also be shared among four states there should not be arguement and others which please note
              Reply
              1. R
                rameshchandra
                Sep 7, 2016 at 6:53 am
                Is it good TN to demand more water for cultivation when neighbouring state people thirsting for drinking water.... cauvery water stored utilised only when good rain is occurred. when rain is less this year both state should take proper decision on humanitarian ground.....if any govt. acts beyond humanity what they be called... and is it necessary to explain the act.
                Reply
                1. K
                  KART
                  Sep 11, 2016 at 8:39 am
                  Respect SC order Show INDIANNESS Whatever ltrs of water available the percentage share holds good. One child of Karnataka farmer lives at the cost of 4 children of TN Farmer striving for living. So please do not speak about PRIORITY. Think HUMANITY
                  Reply
                  1. K
                    KART
                    Sep 11, 2016 at 8:41 am
                    That what the SC order states that CAUVERY is the right of 4 states. Simple LOGIC. Your question supports our rightful share. Thanks Mr.Kanadiga
                    Reply
                    1. K
                      KART
                      Sep 11, 2016 at 8:43 am
                      Whether more rains or CRISIS, Cauvery should be shared.
                      Reply
                      1. I
                        Indian
                        Sep 6, 2016 at 4:38 pm
                        Before braging here...please read the international rights of lower riparian states over the upper riparian states....Tamilnadu has more rights on cauvery than Karnataka....its international law!!!!!!!!!!!!....first get educated and vote for educated guys to understand all thislt;br/gt;lt;br/gt;water_rights
                        Reply
                        1. S
                          sunny
                          Sep 6, 2016 at 3:53 pm
                          Disputes / issues etc are welcomed by our politican. To days score AMMA hit with a sixer. Now siddha,and Appa etc are planning to get a sixer to counter AMMA sixer .Ultimately the poor farming community of the Sates are the sufferer. Is TN or Karnataka sincerely try preservation of cauvery water and do proper water management. ans No. Karnataka should realize that even if they put 100 Yeras budget on Cauvery on good year Cauvery water will flow to TN. I mean Karnataka needs TN territory to dispose s extra water. TN instead of shouting Ganga Cavery Link take action to preserve huge quantum of rainfall receiving during N-E Monsoon.If Both States had a give and take policy it can be solved. If issue is solved both cannot struck sixer
                          Reply
                          1. S
                            sunny
                            Sep 7, 2016 at 4:47 am
                            Sir The expenditure to be incurred to bring one unit of water(say 1 MAF) of Gangas to Cauvery if, it put in Cauvery Basin the Basin States can preserve at least 10 MAF of Cauvery Water falling during N-E Monsoon.You just watch the river width and quantum of flow in Ganga during Flood which last hardly 15-30 Days and come to your own decision the feasibility of bringing Ganga to Cauvery
                            Reply
                            1. சுகி உதயகுமார்
                              Sep 7, 2016 at 7:10 pm
                              Dear Mathi, Electricity does not play any role here. Thats a business and we have rights to take any decision after discussing with Central Govt(No need to discuss with Karnataka as it does not play any role here in terms of rights) But Cauvery on the other hand, we hold 58% of rights in Cauvery and Karnataka does not have any right to say that they cannot release water. They do not have proper awareness and politicians also misguiding them for getting political benefits and finally we are suffering. The most ridiculous thing is that they are living with our share of Cauvery's water and they are terming us as we are begging. They are not understanding that its not beg or request rather its a demand !!!
                              Reply
                              1. சுகி உதயகுமார்
                                Sep 7, 2016 at 7:03 pm
                                Dear Sir, Even Karnataka and Tamilnadu became separate countries, Karnataka has to share 58 % of Cauvery to Tamilnadu. The % i have mentioned here is as per current Indian Judgement given just by considering Karnataka is also part of India. If it separated as different country and it goes to International court, Tamlinadu will definitely get more than 58 %.
                                Reply
                                1. சுகி உதயகுமார்
                                  Sep 7, 2016 at 6:37 pm
                                  If Mr. Indian enjoys benefits in other country more than in India, then Mrdian has to pay more tax for other country where re resides(Probably for job) than for India. Lets try to be humans and understand the real facts and figures instead of emotionally being selfish. We are all sons of our Mother Cauvery.
                                  Reply
                                  1. சுகி உதயகுமார்
                                    Sep 7, 2016 at 7:00 pm
                                    Please understand one thing. If there is just 1000 litres of water in Cavery, Karnataka can use 370 litres(37%) water and should use for drinking purpose as a priority over irrigation. Tamilnadu should get 580 Litres(58%) and should use for drinking purpose as a priority over irrigation. Kerala should get 40 Litres(4%) and should use for drinking purpose as a priority over irrigation. Pudhucherry should get 10 Litres(1%) and should use for drinking purpose as a priority over irrigation. But whats happening here is that Karnataka is always using other state's share of Cauvery water throughout the year without even getting permission from Tamilnadu which actually has more rights in Cauvery. The reason behind is that Karnataka people do not have proper awareness that Cauvery is the Property of 4 states not just Karnataka alone. And Karnataka politicians using this for their political benefits.
                                    Reply
                                    1. சுகி உதயகுமார்
                                      Sep 7, 2016 at 6:54 pm
                                      Please understand one thing. If there is just 1000 litres of water in Cavery, Karnataka can use 370 litres(37%) water and should use for drinking purpose as a priority over irrigation. Tamilnadu should get 580 Litres(58%) and should use for drinking purpose as a priority over irrigation. Kerala should get 40 Litres(4%) and should use for drinking purpose as a priority over irrigation. Pudhucherry should get 10 Litres(1%) and should use for drinking purpose as a priority over irrigation. But whats happening here is that Karnataka is always using other state's share of Cauvery water throughout the year without even getting permission from Tamilnadu which actually has more rights in Cauvery. The reason behind is that Karnataka people do not have proper awareness that Cauvery is the Property of 4 states not just Karnataka alone. And Karnataka politicians using this for their political benefits.
                                      Reply
                                      1. S
                                        SIROMANI L
                                        Sep 6, 2016 at 2:44 pm
                                        Dear Mr. Sudharshan,lt;br/gt;Ha Ha ! Got frightened ? In seven days current surmon will be revisited. Honour the instruction meticulously. Provide as much excess you can in this rainy season to full fill the deficit. Stop providing water to the entire state for 7 days for resultant water scarcity. Don't forget to give special attention to the Court and administrative buildings . But who will take initiative ? One person could have done that. But he is not in power now. Kannadigas are too gentle. So, they must suffer. Let draught prevails in the state permanently. Let the southern part also suffer like the northern part .Let the economy of the state be in tatters. Then the vultures in power and the angels of wisdom will start revised drama . Till then dear Kannadigas please suffer.Because Kannadigas are too gentle.
                                        Reply
                                        1. M
                                          Mathi
                                          Sep 7, 2016 at 7:37 am
                                          So ur the Beggars
                                          Reply
                                          1. M
                                            Mathi
                                            Sep 6, 2016 at 2:48 pm
                                            Then you guys should not consume the electricity produced in Tamil Nadu(NLC).. If we stop providing power from NLC and Kudankulam to Karnataka then u guys will not have power for more than 15 hours a day... Think before u say something... its not Indo-Pak issue.. Tamils and Kanadas are not enemies..
                                            Reply
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