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Historically oppressed groups continue to be excluded: Report

The report notes that despite PM Modi’s election promise to create 10 million jobs, job creation has fallen to levels even below those under the preceding governments half-way through his tenure.

By: Express News Service | New Delhi | Published: May 13, 2017 5:31 am
jobs, india jobs, modi, modi administration, narendra modi, Centre for Equity Studies, minority, Dalits, Adivasis, Muslims, women, latest news, latest india news Prime Minister Narendra Modi 

Historically oppressed groups like Dalits, Adivasis, Muslims, women and casual informal workers continue to be the most excluded when it comes to access to public goods essential for a person to live with dignity, according to the India Exclusion Report 2016 released on Friday. The Centre for Equity Studies (CES) has prepared the report that looks at the exclusion especially of these vulnerable groups in pensions for senior citizens, digital access, agricultural land and justice for under-trials.

The report notes that despite Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s election promise to create 10 million jobs, job creation has fallen to levels even below those under the preceding governments half-way through his tenure. It cites labour ministry data to show that employment creation in 2015 plummeted to 135,000 jobs compared to 930,000 in 2011. Former University Grants Commission chairman Sukhadeo Thorat, who launched the report, pointed out that a distinction has to be made between social and economic exclusion. “Economic exclusion is about individual capacities being unrealised due of a lack of means while social exclusion is an identity-based group exclusion faced by say Dalits or Muslims.’’

The report estimates that a little over one-third of elderly over 60 receive some form of pension. It notes that the national old age pension is restricted to people officially classified as being below poverty line, a list that often excludes Dalits, Adivasis, women, migrant and casual workers. “The exclusions are even more profound for the Atal Pension Yojna which is a contributory scheme requiring regular payments for a minimum of 20 years to a maximum of 40 years,” notes CES director Harsh Mander in his foreword to the report. The report quotes an Ericsson Consumer Lab, 2015, study on the issue of digital exclusion. It estimates that even with the low and competitive prices of devices and data plans compared with the rest of the world, internet access in India remains beyond the reach of close to 1.063 billion people mainly belonging to lower income groups.

The report states that the pattern of land distribution closely reflects the existing socio-economic hierarchy with large landowners being from upper castes, cultivators from middle castes, and agricultural workers largely Dalits and tribals. It observes that women and Muslims face similar exclusions in land holdings.

The study notes that there is systematic bias of the criminal justice system against SCs, STs, Muslims, the poor citing National Crime Records Bureau, 2015, figures. The data shows that 65.56 per cent of all under-trials are from SC, ST, OBC communities while 30.24 per cent are from minority communities of which Muslims constitute a sizeable portion.

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  1. S
    SP
    May 13, 2017 at 1:12 pm
    This article is with an agenda. First Muslims are not an oppressed group historically. They were the ru cl for more than 400 years and were the favoured group during the British Rule under the divide and rule policy of British. Because of this over 600 years of psyche and due to their religious theology , their numbers are bound to be more in detention. If good numbers of this community are poor or less educated , it is because even after independence (before too ) , a big chunk of this community is neo- convert from Dalit community. The process itself is illegal because the forced, or lured conversions are not permitted by law of India.
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      Chawla G
      May 13, 2017 at 10:59 am
      Politicians do not forger inclusions of Sri Sri followers, Bhakts of Dera Sauda, Patanjali fans.
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        Ajay G
        May 13, 2017 at 10:02 am
        Exclusion remains the policy of Modi gov't too. What is new about it !! Though his party BJP and mother organization RSS keep doing cosmetic things to garner votes. Lunch at house of a dalit or snan with Dalit saint or ministrial birth to pliable leaders of a community and some service in Odisha ......
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          prakash
          May 13, 2017 at 8:22 am
          Any thing reported against uppercaste n middle uppercaste caste Will be commented as bias against PM becoz truth is hard to digest for thése s.. PM modi is proven to be elections campaigner to win elections but have not created jobs in his tenure
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          1. cpkarthic
            May 13, 2017 at 7:16 am
            Bull report from a biased organization led by Harsh Mander who is a known anti-modi and anti-hindu leftist. Take it with truck loads of salt
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              Neha
              May 13, 2017 at 8:39 am
              just like trump and modi (rss) facts are bull to you
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