Why electoral bonds are necessary, Arun Jaitley explains

Arun Jaitley said that the choice has to be "consciously" made between the existing system of substantial cash donations involving unclean money and other transparent options like cheque, online transactions or electoral bonds.

By: Express Web Desk | New Delhi | Updated: January 7, 2018 7:09 pm
electoral bonds, political funding, Arun Jaitley, Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley. (Express file photo/Renuka Puri)

Days after announcing the key features of electoral bonds in Lok Sabha, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on Sunday said the mechanism would substantialy improve transparency in electoral funding, and invited suggestions to further cleanse the old system.

In a detailed Facebook post titled, ‘Why Electoral Bonds are Necessary,’ Jaitley talked about the conventional way of relying on cash donations for political funding. With anonymous sources and the quantum of donation undisclosed, “the present system ensures unclean money coming from unidentifiable sources,” he said.

“Most political groups seem fairly satisfied with the present arrangement and would not mind this status-quo to continue. The effort, therefore, is to run down any alternative system which is devised to cleanse up the political funding mechanism,” he added.

Saying that the electoral bonds would resolve this issue, Jaitley said that the choice has to be “consciously” made between the existing system of substantial cash donations involving unclean money and other transparent options like cheque, online transactions or electoral bonds.

Read | Poll bonds life 15 days, donor name secret but KYC must

“While all three methods involve clean money, the first two are totally transparent and the electoral bonds scheme is a substantial improvement in transparency over the present system of no-transparency,” the post further read. He also added that the name of the donor would be kept as secret as past experiences had shown that once the names were disclosed, there was a tendency to shift to cash donations.

Jaitley last week had announced the contours of new ‘electoral bonds’ that can be bought from specified branches of SBI in multiples of Rs 1,000, Rs 10,000, Rs 1 lakh, Rs 10 lakh or Rs 1 crore. The bearer instrument will not carry the name of the payee and will have a life of 15 days. During this time, the bonds can be used for making donations in favour of registered political parties and that it can only be encashed in a pre-declared account of the receiver.

These bonds can be bought only after fulfilling all the existing Know Your Customer (KYC) norms and by making payments from a bank account. They will be available for purchase for 10 days each in the months of January, April, July and October. The decision to use electoral bonds in political funding was first announced by Jaitley during his budget speech last year.

Read | Electoral bond scheme can’t fix political funding. But it’s a step forward

Adding that India, despite being a great democracy, has not been able to evolve a “transparent political funding system,” Jaitley said that the government will consider suggestions to bring in a more open system. “It has to be borne in mind that impractical suggestions will not improve the cash denominated system. They would only consolidate it,” Jaitley wrote.

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  1. Rajen Agrawal
    Jan 8, 2018 at 12:54 am
    1. Why can't Rs.100 and Rs.500 bonds be also issued? 2. Why can't Post Office also sell these bonds? 3. Why can't cash donations to political parties be totally banned? 4. Why can't cash receipts by political parties be declared as Benami property and confiscated? 5. Why can't cashless expenditure be made mandatory for political parties?
    (2)(0)
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      Jan 7, 2018 at 11:23 pm
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      1. achan kunju
        Jan 7, 2018 at 9:05 pm
        How this government continue to fool public. Can one remove cash transaction. Ofcourse if party withdraw Rs500 and above note there is a chance for minimum cash transfer as for Rs 1 cr cash many suitcase are required to make 1 cr with 100 note denomination BJP is a business man friendly party will manage bond and cash others -----
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        1. Sanjay R
          Jan 7, 2018 at 8:37 pm
          Please read polyester prince PDF book to know how parties get elections funding
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          1. Radhakrishnan Mannadiar
            Jan 7, 2018 at 8:16 pm
            The FM seems to be trying to accomplish every issues relating to economy in one go. Perhaps he could be little more wise by taking a little time more for implementing the GST after putting everything in place. Similar is the case with demonetization. The BRDI issue can also be a trouble shooter for the coming elections , nine of them and the one in Karnataka is very crucial. The electoral bond scheme is yet another way to solve the illegal funding of the political parties. Every rupee received by political parties need to be accounted for and the liit fixed at Rs 20000 or something need to be removed. He should pay more attention to the budget , on GOVT spending, more money with people through tax exemption for boosting demand and saving, making available items of mass consumption for reducing the inflation, black money trail, simplification of tax return filing, avoiding tax from senior citizens and handicapped so on so forth.
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